Patient Compliance With Medical Advice . Patient compliance (patient adherence) : The extent to which the patient adheres to medical advice Patient compliance includes: Taking medications Keeping appointments Undertaking recommended preventive measures Changing behavioral patterns.
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Patient compliance includes:
How big a problem is medication non compliance?
Up to 60% of all medication prescribed is taken incorrectly or not taken at all!
This can happen because of not giving explanations to the patient.
Noncompliance in medication taking can be classified as:
When patients do not take their medications correctly:
- Initial noncompliance or defaulting
- Refill compliance or persistence
- Not all noncompliance is improper medication use
Prevalence of noncompliance
Methods of measurements
Approaches to assessing compliance behavior in patients
Often necessary to use more than one method to arrive at a reasonably valid estimate of compliance in the individual patient.
Sometimes no better than would be expected by chance
Methods of measurement:
More objective but it has problems:
(whether a low level represents noncompliance or inadequate dosage in patient???).
Factors believed to affect compliance:
Factors which NOT believed to be associated with compliance:
1. Asymptomatic conditions
2. Chronic conditions
3. Cognitive impairment
4. Complex regimens
6. Patient perceptions
7. Poor communication
8. Psychiatric illness