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Programs and Factors that Make a Difference in Recruiting & Retaining of Women Engineering Students. Lois Calian Trautvetter Northwestern University NCEER January 20, 2012. Prototyping the Engineer 2020 (P360): A 360-Degree Study of Effective Education http://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/e2020.
A 360-Degree Study of Effective Education
Lisa R. Lattuca,Professor of Education & Senior Scientist, [email protected]
Patrick T. Terenzini, Professor of Education &Senior Scientist Emeritus, [email protected]
Gül E. Kremer, Associate Professor, Engineering Design and Industrial Engineering
Betty J. Harper and Alexander C. Yin,Senior Project Associates
Kevin Barron, Saraj Gupta, Hyun Kyoung Ro, India McHale, David Knight, Dan Merson,
David Perez, and Travis York Graduate Research Assistants
Betsy Palmer, Associate Professor of Education
Sarah L. Codd, Associate Professor of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Carolyn S. Plumb, Director of Educational Innovation and Strategic Projects
Barbara Komlos, Graduate Research Assistant
Rose M. Marra, Associate Professor of Learning Technologies
Katie Piacentini, Graduate Research Assistant
Lois C. Trautvetter, Assistant Professor and Associate Director, Higher Education Administration, and Policy
Ann F. McKenna, Associate Professor of Engineering, Arizona State University
Tonya Saddler, Post-Doctoral Student
Carla Cortes, Graduate Research Assistant
Study Research Team http://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/e2020
Lisa R. Lattuca, [email protected]
Professor of Education and Senior Scientist Patrick T. Terenzini, [email protected]
Distinguished Professor of Education and Senior Scientist EmeritusGül E. Kremer
Associate Professor of Engineering Design and Industrial Engineering
Thomas A. Litzinger
Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Director of the Leonhard Center
Betty J. Harper and Alexander C. Yin
Senior Project Associates
Kevin W. Barron, Saraj Gupta, David B. Knight,Amber D. Lambert, India M. McHale, Daniel S. Merson, David Perez II,Hyun Kyoung Ro, and Travis T. York
Graduate Research Assistants
Ardie D. Walser
Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Dean of Undergraduate Studies
Herbert G. Kayser Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Attributes of the Engineer of 2020
Diversifying the STEM student population
A Vision of the Contexts for Engineering in 2020
Emergence of new fields, tools, and contexts Examples: bio-tech, digital systems; computer systems/tools; sustainable technology; multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity, social, political & economic, diversity; global markets & contexts; interaction of engineering and public policy
(Adapted from Terenzini and Reason, 2005)
Stratified, random sample of 31 institutions, including:
1 P360 _Institution
2 Historically _Black Colleges _or University
What institutional cultures, practices, and policies play a role in recruiting women undergraduates?
What outreach, summer/bridge, or other women-in-engineering support programs and practices encourage the retention of female students?
How do these efforts aid the recruitment and retention of female students in engineering?
Found three themes:
By Gender and Race/ethnicity
*** p < .001
“It's very difficult to increase student diversity without sacrificing academic quality.”
Found five themes:
How important to your academic success in engineering are the services of a learning/tutoring center at your college?
1: Not at all important, 2: slightly, 3: moderately, 4: very, 5: extremely
1: 1 hour or less, 2: 2-3 hours, 3: 4-5 hours, 4: 6-7 hours, 5: 8 hours or more
Student Responses about Faculty Interactions
Commitment to Providing Research Opportunities
No significant gender differences
Gender Differences in Activities
*** p < .001
1= Not active 2= Slightly active 3= Moderately active 4= Highly active 5= Extremely active
Four of the six institutions had “learning and living” communities:
Since enrolling in college, how many years have you lived in a residence area specifically for majors in engineering, science, or math?
(significant difference by gender)
Early programs and practices help to increase representation of women in engineering by:
Creating the sense that “anybody can be an engineer”
I think anybody can be an engineer, as a matter of fact that is the problem for us. Engineers that we have now and we have young women and young men [come] away . . .it looks boring, it looks too hard. . . We want to try not to make it that, and one of the ways is to use, of course, people, but it is to use technology toward the way of making it fun, making it interesting, and making it so you can do it. It doesn’t really need any special talent. Everybody can do it.
-- faculty member
For more information:Project Web Page:http://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/e2020Funding Source: NSF DUE-0618712FNSF DUE-0618712 e: NSF DUE-0618712