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Life in Medieval Japan. Chapter 5 Lesson 3. Question # 2 Subject: Japan. Describe what you think Japan culture was like. Put your answer under the question section. I. Japanese Religion and Culture.

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life in medieval japan

Life in Medieval Japan

Chapter 5 Lesson 3

question 2 subject japan
Question # 2Subject: Japan

Describe what you think Japan culture was like. Put your answer under the question section.

i japanese religion and culture
I. Japanese Religion and Culture
  • During the Middle Ages there was a great exchange of ideas through many Japanese artists, scribes, traders, and diplomats who visited China.
  • The Chinese influenced literature, science, and religion.
  • Religion became an intricate part of their everyday life. Most Japanese adopted both Shinto and Buddhist beliefs.
  • Buddhism inspired many Japanese to produce paintings and to write both poems and plays
ii art and architecture
II. Art and Architecture
  • The arts of Japan revealed the Japanese love of beauty and simplicity.
  • Artisans made wooden statues, furniture, and household items with many of them having a shiny black and red coating called lacquer.
  • They used watercolors and ink to paint landscapes on paper scrolls or on silk.
  • The art of origami and arranged flowers became part of the culture.
  • Buddhist monks and the samurai turned tea drinking into a beautiful ceremony.
tea ceremony
Tea Ceremony

The person enters and rinses his hands and mouth with water from a wooden dipper, guests crawl through a small passageway to enter the tea room.

The guest clears their mind and prepares for the meal.

The host enters and serves a light meal, which is followed by tea.

Tea bowls are made by hand. The bowls are different according to summer and winter

slide14

Ikebana : The Art of Japanese Flower Arranging

  • Tallest --> Heaven
  • Middle --> Man
  • Smallest --> Earth
iii poems and plays
III. Poems and Plays
  • During the Middle Ages the Japanese wrote poems, stories, and plays.
  • Japan’s oldest form of poetry was the tanka. The tanka was an unrhymed poem of five lines. They were to capture nature’s beauty and the joys and sorrows of life.
  • In the 1600’s a new form of poetry called the haiku developed.
slide16

Haiku : 17-syllable poem

Spring departs.Birds cryFishes' eyes are filled with tears.

Matsuo Basho, Master of Haiku

poems and plays continued
Poems and Plays continued..
  • In 1000 A.D. a woman named Lady Murasaki Shikibu wrote Japan’s first novel.
  • It describes the adventures of a Japanese Prince.
  • Some believe it’s the world’s first novel, or long fictional story.
plays and poems continued
Plays and Poems Continued..
  • The Japanese created plays. The oldest type of play is called Noh.
  • Created in the 1300’s, Noh plays were used to teach Buddhist ideas.
  • They danced, gestured, and chanted poetry to the music of drums and flutes.
slide22

Noh Theater

Woman Heavenly-being Demonness

TraditionalWeepingGesture

 Old Man Warrior Demon God

slide23

Noh Theater

The PlayAoi no Ue

beauty in japan
Beauty in Japan
  • Hair: the longer the better!
  • Lightness of skin was admired.
  • Both women and men wore white powder.
  • Blackened teeth
  • Shaved eyebrows and painted false one.
clothing
Clothing

Members of the court wore clothing embroidered with gold, silver, and multicolored thread

Women wore 12 or more silk robes at a time, all tied with a single sash. The sleeve of each robe was different length so that the woman’s arm was a rainbow of colors.

reflection 2
Reflection # 2

List three new things you learned about Japanese culture!

When you are done, share with the class!!