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REVISED WASTE CLASSIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR SOUTH AFRICA National Waste Classification and Management Regulations & Standards Stakeholder Workshop 30 July 2010. WASTE CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS. National WCM Regulations.

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REVISED WASTE CLASSIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR SOUTH AFRICA National Waste Classification and Management Regulations & StandardsStakeholder Workshop

30 July 2010

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National WCM Regulations

  • AIM: To formalise relevant provisions of the Revised Waste Classification & Management System into the SA legislative framework.
  • MAIN PURPOSE:
    • Consider higher order management options for waste in line with the waste management hierarchy.
    • Establish a mechanism and procedure for the approval of beneficial waste management activities.
    • Prescribe specific requirements for waste management.
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Supported by National Standards

  • Standard for Leach Tests and Waste Risk Profiling – Leach test methodology, contaminant concentration thresholds & waste risk profiling.
  • Standard for the Disposal of Waste to Landfill – Landfill acceptance criteria & Waste disposal restrictions.
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Part 1: Interpretation, Purpose & Application

  • Definitions
  • Regulations do not apply to:
    • Generators of domestic waste.
  • Purpose:
    • Regulate beneficial waste management activitieswast
    • Promote the waste management hierarchy.
    • Establish a mechanism for the efficient approval of activities that facilitate waste minimisation & diversion from landfill.
    • Prescribe requirements for waste classification, waste categorisation and assessment of risk associated with disposal.
    • Prescribe requirements for transport, handling & storage, including tracking of waste.
    • Prescribe requirements for the management of waste, including landfill acceptance criteria & disposal restrictions.
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Part 2: Classification & Categorisation

  • Classify i.t.o. SANS10234-GHS.
  • Schedule 1 lists Pre-Classified waste (general, hazardous) that don’t need classification.
  • If hazardous – develop SDS i.t.o. SANS10234-GHS & Label containers appropriately.
  • Categorise waste i.t.o. WIS Regulations (Types of waste).
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Part 3: Waste Management

  • Evaluate waste management options i.t.o. waste hierarchy.
  • Implement if available & feasible, at licensed facility.
  • Consider any Norms and Standards related to the waste management activity.
  • Treatment provisions:
    • No dilution or reducing potential for RRR, or
    • No temporary masking of characteristics.
  • If disposal remains the only option – determine the Waste Risk Profile (all waste, except domestic, builders rubble & inert), and dispose in accordance with Landfill Standard.
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Part 4: Beneficial Waste Management Activities

  • Mechanism & procedure for efficient ‘approval’ of waste resource utilisation & other beneficial waste management activities.
  • Effected through the Minister:
    • Listing the activity as not requiring a licence, and
    • Setting the requirements or standards the activity is subject to.
  • NEMWA 19(1) & 19(3): The Minister may list activities & must indicate whether a licence is required, and if not, the requirements or standards that must be complied with instead.
  • NEMWA S20(1): No person may undertake a waste activity, except in accordance with the requirements or standards determined in terms of S19(3) for that activity;
  • Mechanism in the Regulations includes ability of any person to motivate to the Minister, and specifies the information required.
  • Fundamental: For beneficial activities that can be consistently implemented without health or environmental risk, and controlled through any requirements or standards.
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Possible Beneficial Activities

  • Waste Management Procedures:
    • Refers to operations & management procedures.
    • Risk related to emergency/accident/upsets; no continuous impact if procedures followed.
    • Focus on process, standard operating procedures, design standards, EMP (could be existing).
    • E.g: drum reconditioning, car wrecking, transfer stations for recyclables, temporary used oil storage (bulking).
  • Beneficial Utilisation of Waste:
    • Re-use, recycling, re-use & recovery – large waste streams.
    • Potential risk to health & environment that needs to be assessed – worst case – more detailed than above.
    • Issues not only operational- include thresholds, inputs, technology (focussed on the waste, inputs & outputs), emissions.
    • E.g: Application to land (road building, fertiliser); Reuse in end-products (bricks, aggregate in concrete, extenders); Energy or raw material recovery/substitution (incl. thermal recovery)
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Part 5: Record Keeping & Waste Manifest

  • Requirements for records of waste generation (types & quantities) and management thereof.
  • Requirement for maintaining a waste manifest system – Specific information requirements for generator, transporter & waste manager listed in Schedule 2 of the Regulations.
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Transitional Arrangements

  • Promulgation – January 2011
  • Regulation 4 (Waste Classification)- simultaneously with classification of MR – 1 year.
  • Regulation 5 (Waste Categorisation) – 6 months after National Waste Information Regulations, 2010.
  • Regulation 6 (Safety Data Sheets), Regulation 7 (Labelling of Hazardous Waste) & Regulation 8(1) (Waste to be classified and categorised prior to acceptance by waste transporter and manager) - after 1 year.
  • Regulation 12 (Waste Disposal) - simultaneously with waste disposal & landfill design requirements of MR - 18 months for hazardous waste & 3 years for general waste. Subject to requirements & timeframes of Waste Management Standards.
  • Regulation 15 (Records of Waste Generation and Management) - 6 months after National Waste Information Regulations, 2010.
  • Regulation 16 (Waste Manifest System) – after 1 year.
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THANK YOU

Nomphelo Daniel

Deputy Director: Hazardous Waste Management

 ndaniel@environment.gov.za

Tel:  +27 (0)12 310 3904