Industrialization. The “Steel Horse”. Five main lines Great Northern Northern Pacific Central/Union Pacific Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Southern Pacific. Significance and impact. +++++++’s Speed and mobility. Town growers. Populating the West. Creation of corporations.
Speed and mobility.
Populating the West.
Creation of corporations.
Employment of thousands.
Led to the destruction of Native-American culture in the Plains.
Creation of Trusts etc. (greed)
Exploitation of Chinese and IrishA double-edged sword??
Business practices directed at maintaining a monopoly:
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
National Labor Union (1866)
Won the 8 hour day for gov’t workers. Hurt by the depression of the 1870’s.
Knights of Labor
“An injury to one is the concern of all.” Allowed skilled and unskilled labor.
Bomb explodes killing several and wounding over 100.
Eight arrested. 4 hung.
"The day will come when our silence will be more powerful than the voices you are throttling today."Haymarket Square Bombing--1886
Reformer in his own eyes….
Eugene V. DebsPullman Strike -1894