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Thomas Jefferson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on Thomas Jefferson. Vocabulary. Thomas J efferson Aaron Burr Laissez faire John Marshall Judicial Review. Why it Matters. Federalist had controlled the national government until the election of 1800.

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  • Thomas Jefferson

  • Aaron Burr

  • Laissez faire

  • John Marshall

  • Judicial Review

Why it matters
Why it Matters

  • Federalist had controlled the national government until the election of 1800.

  • Jefferson’s Presidency shows that it is possible to have transfer of power from political party to another political party.

Republicans take charge
Republicans Take Charge

  • After a bitter campaign Jefferson defeated Adams.

  • However, Jefferson received 73 electoral votes and Aaron Burr also received 73 electoral votes.

  • What to do?

  • House of Representatives would decide the election per the Constitution

  • Hamilton disliked Jefferson but really hated Burr more and convinced Congress to go with Jefferson

  • Burr is now Vice President.

  • Burr is furious! Page 285

Jefferson s inauguration
Jefferson’s Inauguration

  • First to be inaugurated in Washington, D. C.

  • Wanted a “smaller government”

  • Wanted a government of the people

Jefferson said
Jefferson said

  • “Let us, then, fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind…..Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle……We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.”

Jefferson charts a new course
Jefferson charts a New Course

  • Revolution of 1800

  • 1st goal was to limit the federal government over states and citizens

  • Believed in laisez faire

  • Reduced military

  • Reduced number of people in government; fired tax collectors and diplomats.

  • Eliminated all federal taxes and made taxes come from tariffs only

  • Struck out the Sedition Act and released all that were imprisoned over this Act.

Jefferson keeps the national bank
Jefferson keeps the National Bank

  • Why is this such a big deal?

The supreme court and judicial review page 312 313
The Supreme Court and Judicial Review: page 312-313

  • “Midnight Judges” by Adams

  • Jefferson’s Secretary of State, James Madison, asked not to deliver appointment of Federalist judge William Marbury

  • Marbury angry and files lawsuit

  • Supreme Court rules they can’t rule because Judiciary Act of 1789 was UNCONSTITUTIONAL

  • Established Judicial Review which changed government forever and increased strength of the Supreme Court.


Page 312
Page 312

  • Goals and Policies of Thomas Jefferson

Judicial review
Judicial Review

  • The authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws.

  • Increased the power of the Supreme Court