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Thomas Jefferson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on Thomas Jefferson. Vocabulary. Thomas J efferson Aaron Burr Laissez faire John Marshall Judicial Review. Why it Matters. Federalist had controlled the national government until the election of 1800.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Aaron Burr
  • Laissez faire
  • John Marshall
  • Judicial Review
why it matters
Why it Matters
  • Federalist had controlled the national government until the election of 1800.
  • Jefferson’s Presidency shows that it is possible to have transfer of power from political party to another political party.
republicans take charge
Republicans Take Charge
  • After a bitter campaign Jefferson defeated Adams.
  • However, Jefferson received 73 electoral votes and Aaron Burr also received 73 electoral votes.
  • What to do?
  • House of Representatives would decide the election per the Constitution
  • Hamilton disliked Jefferson but really hated Burr more and convinced Congress to go with Jefferson
  • Burr is now Vice President.
  • Burr is furious! Page 285
jefferson s inauguration
Jefferson’s Inauguration
  • First to be inaugurated in Washington, D. C.
  • Wanted a “smaller government”
  • Wanted a government of the people
jefferson said
Jefferson said
  • “Let us, then, fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind…..Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle……We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.”
jefferson charts a new course
Jefferson charts a New Course
  • Revolution of 1800
  • 1st goal was to limit the federal government over states and citizens
  • Believed in laisez faire
  • Reduced military
  • Reduced number of people in government; fired tax collectors and diplomats.
  • Eliminated all federal taxes and made taxes come from tariffs only
  • Struck out the Sedition Act and released all that were imprisoned over this Act.
jefferson keeps the national bank
Jefferson keeps the National Bank
  • Why is this such a big deal?
the supreme court and judicial review page 312 313
The Supreme Court and Judicial Review: page 312-313
  • “Midnight Judges” by Adams
  • Jefferson’s Secretary of State, James Madison, asked not to deliver appointment of Federalist judge William Marbury
  • Marbury angry and files lawsuit
  • Supreme Court rules they can’t rule because Judiciary Act of 1789 was UNCONSTITUTIONAL
  • Established Judicial Review which changed government forever and increased strength of the Supreme Court.
page 312
Page 312
  • Goals and Policies of Thomas Jefferson
judicial review
Judicial Review
  • The authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws.
  • Increased the power of the Supreme Court