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Meeting the Challenge of Patient-Centered Care: Diabetes Education. Roberta Eis, RN, MBA Sr. Program Manager, Diabetes Initiatives, HFHS Pamela Milan, RD, CDE, MBA Operations Manager, Diabetes Care Centers, HFHS. What is Diabetes Self-Management Education?.

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meeting the challenge of patient centered care diabetes education

Meeting the Challenge of Patient-Centered Care: Diabetes Education

Roberta Eis, RN, MBA

Sr. Program Manager, Diabetes Initiatives, HFHS

Pamela Milan, RD, CDE, MBA

Operations Manager, Diabetes Care Centers, HFHS

what is diabetes self management education
What is Diabetes Self-Management Education?
  • Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) is a crucial element of care for all people with diabetes
  • DSME is necessary in order to improve patient outcomes
  • National Standards are designed to assist diabetes educators in providing evidence-based information
  • Henry Ford Health System has five “Diabetes Care Centers” offering DSME, using traditional educational approaches until 2008.
why change
Why Change?
  • New national standards for Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) were released in June 2007, new version expected in 2012.
  • The new standards challengedAmerican Diabetes Association (ADA) Recognized Programs to develop a curriculum delivered in a creative, patient-centered approach, encouraging patients set the agenda for their education.
  • To shift from primarily didactic presentation model to a facilitator style.
  • To standardized DSME class format for all sites while allowing instructors to individualize the presentation to the groups as needed.
  • To maintain the programs’ high customer satisfaction rating while aligning to the new process.
  • To develop curriculum exemplifying the use of action-oriented, behavioral goals & objectives delivered in a creative, interactive and patient-centered method of education.
  • To maintain best practices from the established past curriculum: depression screening and education tool kits.
the patient centered education model
The Patient-Centered Education Model
  • Conversation Map® educational tool created by Healthy Interactions, Inc. in conjunction with the ADA and supported by Merck & Co., Inc. was adopted.
  • Map is a large tabletop display tool with colorful visual images & metaphors, with printed cards is used to initiate various discussion topics.
  • The diabetes educator engages a group of patients seated around the map in interactive discussions and exercises.
  • The map is navigated sequentially with content specific to the DSME educational curriculum for each session.
  • Patients are central part of the learning process, and through the group model they discover and share many challenges in managing the disease.
teaching the teachers
Teaching the Teachers
  • The change process evolved over time and required a tiered learning approach for the diabetes educators.
  • All diabetes educators attended a half-day workshop provided by Healthy Interactions representatives on the introduction and use of the Diabetes Conversation Map® in February 2008.
  • In the first groups attending this workshop, two educators embraced the new model and agreed to be early adopters. They piloted the curriculum at their site.
  • A meeting was held with the entire DSME staff to gain team acceptance of the new teaching method.
long road to new skills
Long Road to New Skills
  • The staff were encourage to attend the Taylor pilot site to observe classes which provided opportunity for on-site mentorship support.
  • In order to assist the staff with transitioning to facilitation of groups, a workshop on advance facilitation skills was conducted by a master trainer from Healthy Interactions, Inc.
  • The staff still struggled with adaptation to the facilitation model, so multiple training sessions were provided on motivational interviewing.
standardization and best practices
Standardization and Best Practices
  • The standardized curriculum blended the best practices of the traditional DSME class content like education tool kits, practice with labels & food models and other hands on activities with the new education style.
  • Training in health literacy was completed. This knowledge was used as the basis for revising standardized patient education materials.
  • Depression screening was a core component of DSME program that we wanted to maintain. After numerous iterations, we have now successfully incorporated depression screening in the initial assessment.
maintain high customer satisfaction scores
Maintain High Customer Satisfaction Scores

Satisfaction Survey Results Pre and Post

Diabetes Conversation Map® Implementation

Satisfaction Survey Results Pre and Post

Diabetes Conversation Map® Implementation

Satisfaction Survey Results Pre and Post

Diabetes Conversation Map® Implementation

improved patient engagement in classes
Improved Patient Engagement in Classes

Sites were less than 1 year in operation – mixed model to start not totally didactic.

15 increase in class completion
15% Increase in Class Completion

Three years after change

patient centered care
Patient Centered Care
  • Patients teach each other:
    • We can hold up a divided plate to discuss portion sizes, but when a patient shares his personal weight loss story by using the small plate his wife started a month ago, the impact is much greater.
  • Patients support/bond with each other:
    • At one site the group set up an email based support group.
participant behavioral outcomes 2010
Participant Behavioral Outcomes 2010

Behavior goal categories based on AADE7 Self-Care Behaviors™

patient feedback
Patient Feedback
  • “Learning from other patients with diabetes like myself and being able to discuss my concerns was very helpful.”
  • “The other participants made the classes fun and interesting. It’s good to know we are not alone.”
  • “These classes told and helped me learn about things that my doctor could not have done for me. Thank you!!”
lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • Accept that change is evolutionary and takes time, especially when staff are entrenched in the current process. Communication and engagement skills, positive reinforcement and patience are crucial.
  • Realization that staff who have developed a lifelong teaching style need to be thoroughly trained in a new style of education.“Early adopting” colleagues made the best trainers for the process.
  • Teamwork is essential in providing quality patient care. Collaboration between nurses, dietitians, behavioral nurse practitioners and management was essential to the development of appropriate evidence-based diabetes education curriculum.
lessons learned21
Lessons Learned
  • The patient’s agenda for learning needs to be considered in the development of an education program. The Conversation Map® environment of learning, allows patients to learn from each other and results in more enthusiasm with the information delivered.
  • Attempting a new approach that fostered engagement trumped the inclination to remain static, i.e., “We’ve always done it this way”.
  • A consistent, standardized approach results in more reliable, replicable outcomes and increased transportability of the program.
continuous improvements since implementation
Continuous Improvements Since Implementation
  • Establish a Peer Review process to maintain consistency throughout the Diabetes Care Centers.
  • Share class completion rates to investigate trends for process improvement with DSME Staff each month.
  • The program has changed patient feedback surveys & program follow up to reflect the patient-centered, healthy behavior questions.
  • Continue to collect data to look for additional ways to improve diabetes outcomes.
  • Continue tracking race, sex, gender data to look for trends in healthcare disparities and possible program improvement.