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Chapter 17 Law and Terrorism. Introduction: The terror attacks of 9-11 change America. Introduction: The terror attacks of 9-11 change America President Bush/Congress passed laws & policies to respond to the threat of terror. Introduction: The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

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slide1

Chapter 17

Law and Terrorism

slide2

Introduction:

The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

slide3

Introduction:

The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

  • President Bush/Congress passed laws & policies to respond to the threat of terror
slide4

Introduction:

The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

  • President Bush/Congress passed laws & policies to respond to the threat of terror
  • CIA, FBI, other agencies have become involved in the “War on Terror”
slide5

Introduction:

The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

  • President Bush/Congress passed laws & policies to respond to the threat of terror
  • CIA, FBI, other agencies have become involved in the “War on Terror”
    • Civil liberties groups have challenged many of these acts and Presidential actions
slide6

Introduction:

The terror attacks of 9-11 change America

  • President Bush/Congress passed laws & policies to respond to the threat of terror
  • CIA, FBI, other agencies have become involved in the “War on Terror”
    • Civil liberties groups have challenged many of these acts and Presidential actions
    • Sometimes in a free society, things get a bit messy
slide7

I. The Law in times of War

  • USA Patriot Act (2001); intended to combat terrorism by tracing the sources of money that fund terrorism
slide8

I. The Law in times of War

  • USA Patriot Act (2001); intended to combat terrorism by tracing the sources of money that fund terrorism
    • finding and detaining terrorists
slide9

I. The Law in times of War

  • USA Patriot Act (2001); intended to combat terrorism by tracing the sources of money that fund terrorism
    • finding and detaining terrorists
    • intercepting communications among terrorist groups
slide10

I. The Law in times of War

  • USA Patriot Act (2001); intended to combat terrorism by tracing the sources of money that fund terrorism
    • finding and detaining terrorists
    • intercepting communications among terrorist groups
  • Expanded the power of the CIA, FBI, Department of Justice
slide11

I. The Law in times of War

  • USA Patriot Act (2001); intended to combat terrorism by tracing the sources of money that fund terrorism
    • finding and detaining terrorists
    • intercepting communications among terrorist groups
  • Expanded the power of the CIA, FBI, Department of Justice
    • enabled agencies to track communications on the internet, install phone/computer wiretaps, access personal, medical, financial information
slide13

Patriot Act raised certain questions

  • How much freedom are we willing to give up in return for increased security?
slide14

Patriot Act raised certain questions

  • How much freedom are we willing to give up in return for increased security?
  • Does the Patriot Act infringe on civil rights guaranteed in the Constitution?
slide15

Patriot Act raised certain questions

  • How much freedom are we willing to give up in return for increased security?
  • Does the Patriot Act infringe on civil rights guaranteed in the Constitution?
    • Civil War; Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
slide16

Patriot Act raised certain questions

  • How much freedom are we willing to give up in return for increased security?
  • Does the Patriot Act infringe on civil rights guaranteed in the Constitution?
    • Civil War; Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
    • WWII, Japanese are interred as war fears rise
slide17

Patriot Act raised certain questions

  • How much freedom are we willing to give up in return for increased security?
  • Does the Patriot Act infringe on civil rights guaranteed in the Constitution?
    • Civil War; Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
    • WWII, Japanese are interred as war fears rise
    • WWI, US restricts American’s free speech and forbids criticizing US government
slide18

Questions for you…

  • Is the war on terrorism similar to other wars when rights have been restricted? How is it different?
  • Assume you were the President on 9-11, What special powers would you want?
  • Assume you were the leader of a civil liberties organization. What civil rights would you fight hardest to protect?
slide19

II. Surveillance and Searches

  • Since 9-11, US has more power to conduct searches and surveillance
slide20

II. Surveillance and Searches

  • Since 9-11, US has more power to conduct searches and surveillance
    • Passengers in airports subject to more detailed searches
slide21

II. Surveillance and Searches

  • Since 9-11, US has more power to conduct searches and surveillance
    • Passengers in airports subject to more detailed searches
    • broader power to intercept Internet/phone communications it believes to be engaged in terror related activities
slide23

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court

    • Everything is kept secret
    • can authorize wire taps, even if there isn’t probable cause
slide24

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court

    • Everything is kept secret
    • can authorize wire taps, even if there isn’t probable cause
    • Originally set up in 1978 to gather foreign intelligence - not for domestic crimes
slide25

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court

    • Everything is kept secret
    • can authorize wire taps, even if there isn’t probable cause
    • Originally set up in 1978 to gather foreign intelligence - not for domestic crimes
    • Supreme Court has ruled evidence gathered as a result of this court’s authorization to be used in criminal trials
slide26

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court

    • Everything is kept secret
    • can authorize wire taps, even if there isn’t probable cause
    • Originally set up in 1978 to gather foreign intelligence - not for domestic crimes
    • Supreme Court has ruled evidence gathered as a result of this court’s authorization to be used in criminal trials
    • In some cases (under the Patriot Act) the government can postpone notifying people whose premises has been searched until after the search
slide27

Problem 17-3

  • On a scale of 1 to 5 (1=strongly agree), indicate where you stand on the following
      • “In a time of heightened concern about domestic terrorism and national security, the government should be allowed to do whatever it believes is necessary to uncover and arrest terrorists
  • Same scale, answer the following…
    • Look at everyone’s email at work…home
    • Install surveillance cameras on the street
    • Check travel records of people coming into the country
slide28

The End

Chapter 17, part 1