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Anti-Bullying 101 Gail Watts C alifornia Teachers Association Human Rights Department gwatts@cta.org. What Is Bullying?. When was a definition of “bullying” added to the California Education Code? Can a student in K-12 system be suspended for bullying another student?

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Anti-Bullying 101Gail WattsCalifornia Teachers AssociationHuman Rights Departmentgwatts@cta.org

what is bullying
What Is Bullying?

When was a definition of “bullying” added to the California Education Code?

Can a student in K-12 system be suspended for bullying another student?

Can a student be suspended for a bullying act that doesn’t take place at school?

If a student creates a derogatory facebook page about a teacher, is that free speech or bullying?

what is bullying1
What Is Bullying?

+Intent to hurt

+Power to hurt

+Hurtful action

+Repetition(most of the time)

+ Secrecy (most of the time)

= B U L L Y I N G

bullying facts and statistics
Bullying Facts And Statistics
  • Almost 30% of youth in the United States are estimated to be involved in bullying as either a victim or bully
  • 60% of those characterized as bullies in grades 6-9 had at least one adult criminal conviction by age 24 and 3 arrests by age 30

Source: National Violence Prevention Center

bullying facts and statistics1
Bullying Facts And Statistics
  • More than 43% of middle school and high school students avoid using school bathrooms for fear of being harassed or assaulted

(Mothering)

  • One in fifteen students said they avoided certain places at school because they feared of being attacked

(Harvard School of Public Health)

bullying facts and statistics2
Bullying Facts And Statistics
  • Only 25% of students reported that teachers intervene in bullying situations, while 71% of teachers believe they always intervene

(Source: www.bullybeware.com)

  • When asked, students uniformly expressed the desire that teachers intervene rather than ignore teasing and bullying

(Source: Maine Project Against Bullying)

bullying facts and statistics3
Bullying Facts And Statistics

College Students:

  • 15% report being bullied.
  • 22% report being cyberbullied
  • 38% of college students knew someone who had been cyberbullied
  • 9% report they had cyberbullied someone else
  • 15% had seen a professor bully a student

(US News & World Report, Nov 3, 2011)

Workplace:

  • 37% of workers (54 million people) reported they had been bullied at work.

(Psychology Today, Feb 2, 2010, Cutting-Edge Leadership)

i was at school every day and had no idea of the horror that was brewing columbine principal
“I was at school every day and had no idea of the horror that was brewing.”- Columbine Principal
types of bullying
Types of Bullying
  • Verbal
  • Physical
  • Social / Relational
  • Cyber
  • Reactive
verbal bullying
Verbal Bullying

Examples:

  • Name-calling
  • Insults
  • Jokes
  • Threats
  • Using language to gain power over peers.
  • Most common form of bullying.
  • Difficult to identify.
  • May leave lasting psychological impact on victims.

Source:

http://www.stopbullying.gov

About.com, http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm

Norfolk County Council, http://www.schools.norfolk.gov.uk/index.cfm?s=1&m=1096&p=1263,page&id=548

Respect, http://www.respect2all.org/students/bullying-definitions

physical bullying
Physical Bullying

Examples:

  • Hitting
  • Kicking
  • Groping
  • Spitting
  • Shoving
  • Damaging belongings
  • Stealing
  • Use overt bodily acts to gain power over peers.
  • Generally more obvious.
  • Physical bullying is rarely the first form of bullying that a target will experience.

Source:

http://www.stopbullying.gov

About.com, http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm

Norfolk County Council, http://www.schools.norfolk.gov.uk/index.cfm?s=1&m=1096&p=1263,page&id=548

Respect, http://www.respect2all.org/students/bullying-definitions

social relational bullying
Social / Relational Bullying
  • Intent to harm reputation or social standing.
  • Often happens among friends.
  • 2 main methods: make someone feel unwelcome or gain someone’s trust and then break it.

Examples:

  • Telling secrets told in confidence
  • Spreading rumors/gossip
  • Exclusion
  • Breaking up friendships
  • Encouraging others to ignore or chastise
  • Ranking or rating others

Source:

http://www.stopbullying.gov

About.com, http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm

Norfolk County Council, http://www.schools.norfolk.gov.uk/index.cfm?s=1&m=1096&p=1263,page&id=548

Respect, http://www.respect2all.org/students/bullying-definitions

cyber bullying
Cyber Bullying
  • Harassment that occurs using technology.
  • Happens 24/7/365
  • Students more tech savvy. Unsupervised.
  • Can be shared with wide audience.
  • Anonymous but traceable.
  • Exacerbates effects on victim when used with other forms of bullying.

Examples:

  • Social media (facebook, twitter, etc)
  • Text, instant message, email, chat room posts
  • Fake websites or social media profiles
  • Videos, photos

http://www.stopbullying.gov

About.com, http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm

Norfolk County Council, http://www.schools.norfolk.gov.uk/index.cfm?s=1&m=1096&p=1263,page&id=548

Respect, http://www.respect2all.org/students/bullying-definitions

reactive bullying
Reactive Bullying

Examples:

  • Taunting a peer until the peer reacts. Then claims to be a victim.
  • Causes conflict AND is attacked by peers.
  • Reactive bullies may target those that have also acted as a bully.

Source:

http://www.stopbullying.gov

About.com, http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm

bullying who s affected
Bullying: Who’s Affected?
  • Bully
  • Victim or Target
  • Bystander / witness – passively watch
  • Assistant – take part in ridicule or intimidation
  • Reinforcer – encourage by showing signs of approval
  • Defender – intervene, distract, discourage

Bullying: A Module for Teachers, Sandra Graham, http://www.apa.org/education/k12/bullying.aspx

bullying who s affected1
Bullying: Who’s Affected?

The VICTIM or TARGET tends to:

  • Have low self-esteem
  • Be less popular
  • Have few or no friends
  • Social minorities
  • Be passive
  • Socially withdrawn
  • Depressed, anxious and lonely
  • May blame themselves for predicament

Bullying: A Module for Teachers, Sandra Graham, http://www.apa.org/education/k12/bullying.aspx

http://www.stopbullying.gov/topics/risk_factors/index.html

bullying who s affected2
Bullying: Who’s Affected?

The BULLY tends to:

  • Be well connected
  • Have social power
  • Have lots of friends
  • Have high self-esteem
  • May be overly concerned about their popularity.
  • May tend to dominate / be in charge of others.
  • May have inflated self-views
slide22

True

Based on reported incidences, males bully more than females.

True or False?

slide23

True

Because of its prevalence, many accept bullying as part of growing up.

True or False?

slide24

False

The United States is the leading country on programs to address bullying.

True or False?

slide25

False

Bullies are loners, low academic achievers, insecure and usually have few friends.

True or False?

slide26

True

Those who bullied or were bullied as students are likely to become bullies as adults.

True or False?

slide27

False

Fighting back or standing up to a bully will stop the behavior.

True or False?

anti bullying super heroes
Anti-bullying Super Heroes

Immediate Intervention Strategies:

Separate those who are engaged as bullies and victims. Talk to them separately.

Create a safe place for those targeted.

Delve into behavior of why students are bullying.

Hold bystanders accountable.

intervention turning around bullying behavior
Intervention: Turning Around Bullying Behavior

Preventing Classroom Bullying: What Teachers Can Do, Jim Wright, www.interventioncentral.org

Assess the extent of the bullying problem.

Ensure that the class understands the definition of bullying

Confront students engaged in bullying in a firm and fair manner.

Provide appropriate and consistent consequences for bullying.

resources
Resources
  • California Department of Education (www.cde.ca.gov)
    • Learning Support/Safe Schools
    • Sample Bullying Prevention Policy
    • Sample Policy for Conflict Resolution
    • How Does A Caring Adult Talk To A Bully?
resources1
Resources
  • Classroom Activities
  • Chalk Talk www.schoolsafety.us
  • Bully Busters www.stopbullyingnow.net
  • Take Action Now www.education.com/bullying
  • NEA www.nea.org/ToolsandIdeas
  • Teaching Tolerance www.tolerance.org