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Religious Participation Among Jail Inmates. Marguerite Bryan, Ph.D. Criminal Justice Institute Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, Florida Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Conference in San Diego, CA February 25, 2010. Outline. Goal of the research study

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religious participation among jail inmates

Religious Participation Among Jail Inmates

Marguerite Bryan, Ph.D.

Criminal Justice Institute

Nova Southeastern University

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

Annual Conference in San Diego, CA

February 25, 2010

outline
Outline
  • Goal of the research study
  • Research Literature
  • Methods
  • Findings
  • Discussion
    • Significance
    • Problems
goals of the research
Goals of the research
  • What factors are associated with jail inmates’ participation in religious activities?
  • What implications might these factors have for jail programming?
research literature
Research Literature

Literature in this area is varied and inconclusive

  • Age, marital status and race are important factors

--Older people (Levin and Taylor, 1997)

--Married persons

--Black inmates are more likely than other inmates to participate (O’Connor, 2005; Levin and Taylor,

1997).

B. Gender

--Some research show that women participate at

higher percentages than men. (O’Connor, 2005).

--Other research show no difference between them;

research literature1
Research Literature

C. Research suggest that inmate participants in

religious activities are motivated to make changes

in their lives and are seeking their way in a religious

sense (Camp, et al,2006)

D. Qualitative research results indicate that inmates

participate in religious activities as a means of

seeking new meaning to their lives and a sense of

peace (Clear, et al)

research literature2
Research Literature

E. Dammer has put forth the idea of sincere vs.

insincere motivations on the part of inmates

getting involved in religious/spiritual pursuits

while incarcerated;

-- Sincere, such as “to obtain peace of mind,

direction and meaning in life, self-esteem, and

to change behavior” (Dammer, 2002)

-- Insincere, such as to get protection from being

harmed by other inmates, or to use religion as a

means to socialize with other inmates, to meet

female volunteers, to access prison resources such

as food, etc.

method
Method

DEPENDENT VARIABLE A

Engaged in religious activity in the past week Response to the question: "In the past week/Since your admission], have you engaged in any religious activities, such as religious services, private prayer or meditation, or Bible reading or studying?" Yes=1, No=0 62% answered Yes(n=5676)

method1
Method

DEPENDENT VARIABLE B

Joined in religious study since admission Response to the question: "Since your admission to jail on [CURRENT ADMISSION DATE], have you joined or participated ina Bible club or other religious study group (including Muslims)?" Yes=1, No=0

28% answered Yes (n=5677)

method2
Method

INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Categorical independent

1) Race/Ethnicity :

White43%Black39%Hispanic18%

2) Gender:Male71%

3) Ever been shot?35%

4) Enrolled in special education? 16%

5) Ever physically/ sexually abused?26%

method3
Method

6) Ever married?40%

7) Serious nonviolent crime offender26%

8) Inmate self-reported substance abuse 68%

9) Employed the month before admission?68%

10)Violent offender25%

11)Visits from family/friends in past month54%

method4
Method

Continuous covariates& their means

12) # of prior arrests Mean=4.31

13)Time held in jail prior to interview

Mean=31--60 days

14) Highest education Mean=High school

method5
Method

15) Pre-arrest personal monthly income:

Mean=$600– $999/month

16) Age Mean=25--34 yrs old

17) Childhood delinquency scale

(0=Low to 9=High) Mean=2

slide13

Findings

Logistic Regression Results

conclusions
CONCLUSIONS

The more important, statistically significant findings were that Black inmates were almost 2 times more likely to participate in religious activities in jail than White inmates; Hispanic inmates were 1.5 times more likely than non Hispanics to participate in

religious activities; and male inmates were 1.5 times more likely than female inmates to take part in religious activities in jails.

The more important, statistically significant findings were that Black inmates were almost 2 times more likely to participate in religious activities in jail than White inmates; Hispanic inmates were 1.5 times more likely than non Hispanics to participate in religious activities; and male inmates were 1.5 times more likely than female inmates to take part in religious activities in jails.

The more important, statistically significant findings were that Black inmates were almost 2 times more likely to participate in religious activities in jail than White inmates; Hispanic inmates were 1.5 times more likely than non Hispanics to participate in religious activities; and male inmates were 1.5 times more likely than female inmates to take part in religious activities in jails.

slide16

THE END.

All questions will be answered after the panelists

present their research studies.

Thanks for coming by.