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History of India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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History of India. 2600 BCE Indus River Valley Large cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Unified and highly centralized Vedic Age 1900 BCE Aryans Hinduism emerges after 900 BCE – 200 BCE Vedas Aryan scriptures meaning “knowledge” Caste System Men superior to women (ex: sati ritual)

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History of India


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    1. History of India

    2. 2600 BCE Indus River Valley • Large cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro • Unified and highly centralized • Vedic Age • 1900 BCE Aryans • Hinduism emerges after 900 BCE – 200 BCE • Vedas Aryan scriptures meaning “knowledge” • Caste System • Men superior to women (ex: sati ritual) • Buddhism & Jainism emerges 500 BCE

    3. 324 BCE - Mauryans • Hindus • Centralized, strong military & trade cotton • Ashoka switched to Buddhism due to violence in country • 184 BCE - Disunity • 320 CE - Guptas • Hindus but religiously tolerant • Decentralized; Culture & economy • Decimal system, pi, & zero

    4. 550 CE – 1200 CE – Disunity because of Huns • 1206 CE - Delhi Sultanate • Muslim invaders = Muslim women had more rights than Hindu women • Tensions between Hindus and Muslims because sultan imposed faith harshly • Regions broke away: Muslim and Hindu areas

    5. Indian Ocean Trade Network: • East Africa, Arabia, Persian Gulf, India, Malay peninsula, Indonesia, China, & Japan • West: Arab traders – goods from Africa and M.East • Ivory, gold, slaves, textiles, horses • Middle: India/kingdoms • Gems, elephants, salt, cotton, spices • East: China & Japan • Silk, porcelain, paper, silver • Used knowledge of monsoons

    6. Mongols • Timur the Terrible captured Delhi ruined city = weak Dehli Sultanate • 1526 - Mughals • Muslim • Babur - centralized rule; cotton trade • Women – some rights but restricted through Islamic law • Gunpowder empire • Akbar the Great – religiously tolerant • Culture; TajMahal

    7. Arrival of Europeans -1498: Mughals could fight off • 1661: British East India Company

    8. 1750s: British Colony with Mughals as puppet rulers • Discouraged sati • 1857: Sepoy Rebellion • Gandhi • Indian National Congress • 1947: India declares independence • Pakistan breaks away - Muslims