Muscle Injuries, Disorders & Diseases. Myophathy Myalgia Strain Myositis Tendonitis Fibromyositis Cramp Contusion. Muscle Disorder Muscle Pain Tear/Stretch of Muscle Muscle Inflammation Tendon Inflammation Muscle & Tendon Inflammation Painful muscle Spasms Bruise.
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Myophathy Myalgia Strain Myositis Tendonitis Fibromyositis Cramp Contusion Muscle Disorder Muscle Pain Tear/Stretch of Muscle Muscle Inflammation Tendon Inflammation Muscle & Tendon Inflammation Painful muscle Spasms Bruise Basic Terminology
Some Specific Muscle Problems Indicative to Athletics
Build up of Ca in muscle tissue Results in extra boney formation Caused from a contusion Build up of blood Body “thinks” it’s a Fx Sends Calcium to “Repair” Contusion Control Ice Compression Padding EARLY IDENTIFICATION Myositis Ossificans Traumatica
Severe, Painful Spasms Tetanic Contractions Causes Fatigue Disease Illness Dehydration Loss of water/electrolytes First Aid Ice / Stretch Prevention Strength / Endurance Staying Healthy/knowing when to sit out Proper diet and fluid replacement NO RED BULL Cramps
Concentric or Eccentric loading of the muscle Graded like Sprains 1, 2, 3 Time out depends on severity of the injury and strength before the injury First Aid Ice Stretching Rest Rehab Return to Play Run/Cut/Jump/Load Prevention Flexibility / Strength Strains
Other Issues to Muscle Tissue Regardless if you are an athlete or not
Parasitic Disease Parasitic Worm found in Pork S/S Itching Burning Myalgia Cramps Prevention Cook your Pork Trichinosis
Poliomyelitis Viral disease Inflammation of the myelin sheath around the muscle S/S Weakens muscle tissue Atrophy Paralysis Prevention Vaccine Polio
Type of Muscular Dystrophy Genetic Disease Pseudohypertrophy Atrophy masked by fat and fibrous tissue production Painful Weakness of muscle tissue Death Duchennes Disease
Autoimmune Disease Body Attacks itself Chronic disease Attacks the neuromuscular junction Muscle weakness in the face and throat Unable to swallow Severe muscle weakness in the limbs Lead to Respiratory Failure Myasthenia Gravis