Methods of Group Decision Making

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# Methods of Group Decision Making - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Methods of Group Decision Making. Animal Sciences Career Leadership ANSC 381. Group Problem-Solving Model a conceptual framework for addressing problems. Air everyone’s concerns Look beyond the symptoms Explore all solutions Anticipate problems Follow through Work productively.

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## Methods of Group Decision Making

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### Methods of Group Decision Making

ANSC 381

Group Problem-Solving Modela conceptual framework for addressing problems
• Air everyone’s concerns
• Look beyond the symptoms
• Explore all solutions
• Anticipate problems
• Work productively
Basic Consensus
• Everyone had a chance to speak
• Idea was understood by all
• Decision is made each can live with
• Then consensus
• Not always possible
• simple majority, 3/4? - establish rules
Techniques to Accelerate Consensus
• Generate ideas silently
• Record ideas exactly on flipchart paper
• Discuss and clarify ideas
• Individually vote on and rank ideas
• Display and discuss rankings
Consensus Card Method
• Define the issue and the goal
• Prepare for the session - ground rules
• triangle of green = go
• yellow = warning
• red = stop
• Prepare and discuss the ideas
• Wrap up the Consensus Card Method session
Problem-solving process
• Identify the problem
• Diagnose the problem
• Develop solutions
• Select a solution
• Implement the solution
• Evaluate the outcomes
Individual Decision Makingeven within the group
• Autocratic
• Consultation
• Joint Decision
• Delegation
Brainstorming/Filtering
• Prepare for the Brainstorming
• Determine the Brainstorming Method to use
• Generate Ideas
• Create Filters
• Apply Filters
• Wrap up the Brainstorming Session
Nominal Group Technique
• Define the problem to be solved/decision
• Silently generate ideas
• State and record ideas
• Clarify each on the list
• Rank items silently; list rankings
• Tally rankings
• Wrap up NGT session
Paired Choice Matrix
• Identify the issue, options, goals
• Prepare for the session
• Make decisions between pairs
• Tally scores of paired choices
• Discuss and clarify results
• Wrap up
Criteria Rating Technique
• Start session and list alternatives
• Brainstorm decision criteria
• Discuss the relative importance of each criteria
• Establish a rating scale, then rate the alternatives
• Calculate the final score
• Select the best alternative
• Wrap up
The Delphi Technique
• Define the decision or problem
• Team provides Round 1 input
• Summarize Round 1: ask for Round 2 input
• Team provides Round 2 input**
• Summarize Round 2: ask for Round 3 input
• Team provides Round 3 input
• Summarize Round 3
• Wrap Up