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The Renewable Energy Development and Related Promotion and Pricing Mechanism in Thailand. Peeraya Siriput and Patthamaporn Poonkasem. Department of Alternative Energy  Development and Efficiency (DEDE) Ministry of Energy ,Thailand.

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the renewable energy development and related promotion and pricing mechanism in thailand

The Renewable Energy Development and Related Promotion and Pricing Mechanism in Thailand

PeerayaSiriputand PatthamapornPoonkasem

Department of Alternative Energy  Development

and Efficiency (DEDE)

Ministry of Energy ,Thailand

APEC Workshop on Renewable Energy Promotion and Pricing Mechanism

26-27 September 2013

San Want Hotel Taipei, Taipei, Chinese Taipei

slide2

Outline

1

Thailand Energy situation

2

Alternative Energy Development Plan2012-2021

3

Supporting Mechanism for RE promotion

4

Conclusions

slide3

Final Energy Consumption in Thailand 2012

2 million BOE/day

thousandbarrel oil equivalent/day

Domestic 66%

Import 34%

3%

Hydropower

17%

Coal/Lignite

Domestic 31%

Import 69%

Import 19%

Natural Gas

44%

Domestic 81%

Domestic 15%

Oil

36%

Import 85%

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p

Preliminary

Source: Ministry of Energy 2013

slide4

Thailand’s Energy Import Value

Coal3%

Electricity1%

Value of Energy Imported

Million baht

NG+LNG10%

Petroleum product9%

2012

Crude oil 77%

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p

Import value in 2012p

1.44 billion baht (18%of GDP)

Elec. Coal Natural gas+LNG Petroleum Crude oil

P : Preliminary

Growth rate of energy import 16.5%

Source: Ministry of Energy 2013/

Exchange rate 32 THB/USD

thailand s renewable energy development
Thailand’s Renewable Energy Development

To substitute energy imported,

increase energy security, commit low carbon society

Government Funding

On R & D

Activities

Encouraging

Private-Led

Investment

Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP : 2012-2021)

Target 25 % of RE in Total Energy Consumption By 2021

*Last revised July 2013

slide6

Current status of RE Development in Thailand

Existing554.4 MW

Existing 98.5 MW

Existing 214.3 MW

Hydro

Wind

Solar

Existing 2,185 MW

Existing 239.6 MW

Biogas

MSW

Biomass

Existing 46.6 MW

1.Electricity Generation :Total existing 3,338 MW (928 ktoe)

  • Mini Hydro & Micro Hydroin rural area
  • - Solar farm power plant
  • in Northeastern part of Thailand
  • Rural area
  • Wind farm in Southern &Northeastern part of Thailand

- Sugarcane Industry, palm ,etc.

- Biomass Power plant

- Community power plant

- Municipalwaste

-livestock farm

-Industrial waste water

2.Heating Process : Total Existing 3,986 ktoe

3.Biofuel: 4.83 ML/day(1,067 ktoe)

Solar

Ethanol

Existing 2.2 MLPD

Biomass

Existing 6.8 ktoe

Existing 3,572 ktoe

  • Industrial: sugarcane, palm,paper)
  • community (high-eff. stove)

- Molasses, Cassava

  • Hot water (hospital,hotel)
  • Drying

Biodiesel

Existing349.0 ktoe

Existing 2.6 MLPD

Existing 58.0 ktoe

Biogas

MSW

  • Industrial Waste water

(starch, food, beverage, palm, rubber, paper, Bio-fuel)

  • Palm oil, Jatropha, used cooking oil
  • Municipal waste

Updated by DEDE @ June 2013

slide7

Final Renewable Energy Consumption

Power =1.67%

Heat =6.9%

Alternative&

Renewable Energy 10.6%

Of final energy consumption

Biofuel =2.0%

Updated by DEDE @ June 2013

slide8

Supporting Measure for RE Promotion

Offices giving licenses

5 Actual mechanism :

Electricity Generating

ONEP

EIA

ERC

Local Admin

Promotionrequesting

BOI-

Investment Incentives

Licenses

1

  • Renewable energy maps
  • Data fromdemonstration site
  • One-Stop Service Renewable energy potential info

Support from the Ministry of Energy

DEDE

Technical support

Private

Investor

Promotion requesting

2

DEDE & EPPO

  • Investment Grant,i.e.biogas, solar hot water, Solar dryer (i.e. 2012 25% for SHW, 55% for Solar dryer)

To raise a loan

Carbon credit sale

3

  • “Energy Soft Loan”
  • Revolving funds for Renewable energy and energy conservation, Energy credit

DEDE

Banks

CDM

Capital requesting

Registration for intent expression as per the time specified

DEDE

4

  • ESCO Venture Capital Fund
  • Firm
  • Non Firm

Negotiation for electricity selling & buying

5

EPPO

  • “Adder”: Feed-in Premiums Policy , Feed-in Tariff

Electricity

authorities

Adder/ FIT

(pending)

Consumers

8

slide9

Thailand’s solar Map

Updated September 2010

Renewable energy maps

Solar map

  • Average solar irradiance 18 MJ/m2-d (5 kWh/m2-day)
  • Maximum : 20-24MJ/m2-d
  • Solar map developed by DEDE using satellite images and ground station measurement ( 38 Stations)

Potential Area

wind resource map of thailand at 40 and 90 meters above the ground

Thailand’s wind Map

Wind resource map of Thailand at 40 and 90 meters above the ground

Renewable energy maps

Wind is not strong and not continuousA particular area of ​​the windy + continuous

www.Directionplan.org

slide11

The Project Promotion for

Solar Hot Water & Solar Drying

Investment Grant

Solar Hot Water subsidy Program

slide12

Target for solar hot water promotion

Subsidy 30% (2008-2012)

Subsidy 25% ,22.5% ,20 %,18.5% (2013 - 2016)

Subsidy 15% (2017-2022)

Giving a financial support to entrepreneurs interested in investment on installation of the integrated solar hot water system

slide13

Solar Drying Subsidy Program

Size of Greenhouse Solar Dryer

medium

small

Large (with Backup Power )

slide15

Measures for RE promotion

BOI Privilege

- The investors will receive theexemption of imported duty of equipment or machines

- Any income-corporate taxes resulting form selling RE or saving energy will be exempted for a certain periods to maximum 8 years

CDM project

- MOEN enhances private entrepreneurs to develop alternative energy or

energy saving projects to be CDM projects

- CDM projects enables private sectors to gain financial benefit from carbon credit

slide16

Measures for RE promotion

Mechanism : ESCO Venture Capital Fund

ESCO Venture Capital

Carbon Credit (CDM)

Technical Assistance

Equipment Leasing

Equity Investment

Credit Guarantee Facility

ESCO Fund

Project feature: set up to joint capital promote investment in energy conservation and renewable energy development projects

ESCO Fund

Investor

Investor

Investment Committee

Consider and approve

Investor

return

Investor

Investor

Financial support

Result

1. Stimulate investment energy conservation & renewable energy development with total value > 2,500 million baht / year

2. Provide energy conservation renewable energy development with total value > 500 million baht / year

control

return

Fund Manager

slide17

Measures for RE promotion

“Adder”: Feed-in Premiums

Adder cost

Government halted applications for

solar energy since June 2010

* Note : Special Adders for

- Facilities in 3 Southern Provinces

- Diesel-Gen. replacement on PEA system ** 1 USD=32.375 Baht

17

slide18

New measures to support solar energy

16th Jul 2013, Thailand 's National Energy Policy Commission (NEPC) promote the installation of Solar PV Rooftop and

“Solar PV community projects

The Purposes - Reduce public Investment

- Reduce Peak Load

- Stabilize the energy

Target1000 MW

  • Solar PV Rooftop 200 MW
  • Solar PV Community 800 MW
promotion of solar pv rooftop
Promotion of Solar PV Rooftop

Solar PV Rooftop projects are divided into three groups

feed in tariff fit for solar pv rooftop
Feed in Tariff (FiT) for Solar PV Rooftop

[*21.75 cent/unit]

[*20.47 cent/unit]

[*19.25 cent/unit]

* 1 USD=32.00 Baht

slide21

Solar PV Rooftop Implementation

For more information, please contact ERC. (www.erc.or.th/www.mea.or.th/www.pea.co.th)

feed in tariff fit for solar pv communities
Feed in Tariff (FiT) for Solar PV Communities
  • NEPC (16 July 2013) approved for Solar Communities with total installed capacity 800 MWp - owned ground mounts.
  • Special Scheme with Feed in Tariff (FiT) 25 years
  • COD within Year 2014

FIT Rates for Solar PV Communities

[* 30.47 cent/unit]

[* 20.31 cent/unit]

[*14.06 cent/unit]

Project IRR= 13.6%

Payback period 6 years

* 1 USD=32.00 Baht

slide23

Communities Solar PV Implementation

Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) corporate National Village and Urban Community Fund Office be responsible about Regulations for the purchase of power from Communities Solar PV.

slide24

Promotion of Biogas from Napier grass

“Pilot project on green energy for community enterprise (biogas production from Napier grass) ”

  • Subsidy investment cost 20 %
  • Budget 300 million baht
  • Feed-in –Tariff 14 cent/kwh (for power production) in 20 years

Principles

  • Encourage community enterprise for energy crop production
  • Contract between community enterprise & Biogas plants
  • Biogas utilization in 3 categories :
  • - Electricity generation
  • - Compress Bio Gas (CBG) production for Transport
  • - Replace LPG
  • Secure income for farmers
  • All stakeholders generate income from biogas utilization
  • Energy security in Thailand
  • Targeted area
  • Drought area
  • Irrigated area
  • Low rice production area

1. Agricultural sector - Encourage energy crop growing in appropriate areas

- Generate income for farmers

2. Industrial sector - Promote investment in energy industry

- Biogas to support power generation stability

- Organic Fertilizer after biogas production process

Outcome

24

slide25

Conclusions

  • Renewable energy will not solve all…
  • But Renewable energy can reduce dependence on natural gas and other fossil fuels.
  • Help strengthen the energy.
  • Help increase energy security of the country.
  • Scattered areas throughout the country (Distributed Generation) by reducing transmission congestion.
  • Fund available from Ministry of Energy
  • Launch 10 years master Plan for Alternative Energy
  • “AEDP 2012-2021”
  • Launch mechanism support for promoting renewable energy both information & Financial
slide26

Thank you

for your kind attention

谢谢。

www.dede.go.th

Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency(DEDE)Ministry of Energy

17 Rama 1 Road, Patumwan Bangkok Thailand 10330