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HAWAII KAI TSUNAMI HAZARD. July 2006 . SWAN Model for Hawaii Kai Click above for Movie. On CD-ROM in Numerical Modeling of Water Waves – CRC Press (2004) A train of 3 meter high, 1500 second tsunami waves. 30 DeChezy Friction. Modeled 15 years ago.

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swan model for hawaii kai click above for movie
SWAN Model for Hawaii KaiClick above for Movie
  • On CD-ROM in Numerical Modeling of Water Waves – CRC Press (2004)
  • A train of 3 meter high, 1500 second tsunami waves. 30 DeChezy Friction.
  • Modeled 15 years ago.
  • Topography of bay from Sea Engineering depth measurements for Ferry Feasibility Study.
  • Floods up to 5 meters inside front of bay and a min of 2 meters in back of bay by third wave.
hambantota sri lanka
Hambantota, Sri Lanka
  • Dr. Hermann Fritz surveyed after December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
  • Noted that it was similar to Hawaii Kai with reef outside with a channel under a road along the sea shore into a large shallow lake.
hambantota tsunami
Hambantota Tsunami
  • Wave arrived a little over 2 hours after earthquake. The first wave was about 1 meter high and the second wave was up to 10 meters high about 10 minutes later.
  • Houses over 1 kilometer inland were demolished.
tsunami effects
Tsunami Effects
  • Little of the town was left standing with no water, electricity or communications.
  • One thousand houses along the Hambantota-Tissa road, town-council residences, shops and other buildings destroyed. Many homes located near the Hambantona harbor were completely washed away.
loss of life
Loss of Life
  • When the tsunami hit, hundreds of local people were visiting Sunday markets.
  • Two to three thousand people were promenading along Hambantota harbor when the tsunami wave struck.
  • The overwhelming majority of these died.
  • Over 4500 died in low-lying coastal strip
hambantota sri lanka december 26 2006 tsunami
HAMBANTOTA, SRI LANKADecember 26, 2006 Tsunami
  • DEATH ZONE WAS AREA BELOW 10 METERS and LESS THAN 1 KILOMETER FROM SHORE.
multiple tsunami waves
Multiple Tsunami Waves
  • Often populated areas along coasts are located in low-lying and flat regions that together with natural and man made obstacles make retreat of the flood caused by first tsunami wave to be slow. Subsequent waves ride over a region already flooded resulting in higher and faster waves.
sri lanka multiple tsunami waves
Sri Lanka Multiple Tsunami Waves
  • The multiple wave phenomenon was observed throughout the Sri Lanka coast.
  • http://www.asce.org/page/?id=53
  • “It wasn’t one wave, it came in great surges, each one deeper than the last and pushing the water that had come in before it in front of it.
sri lanka multiple tsunami waves32
Sri Lanka Multiple Tsunami Waves
  • Most witnesses described 3 main waves.
  • The first knocked them off their feet, the second picked them up and carried them, often up to 50 km/hr, and the third bore them up to 15 meters high or sucked them under.
fritz indian ocean tsunami survey conclusions
Fritz Indian Ocean Tsunami Survey Conclusions
  • Evacuate all areas below 15 meters above sea level and within 0.25 mile of shoreline or along rivers.
  • Evacuate all areas below 10 meters above sea level and within 1.0 mile of shoreline or along rivers.
  • Evacuate all areas below 5 meters above sea level and within 3 miles of shoreline.
slide34
"The Hawaii Kai evacuation zone should include all areas
  • below 5 meters above sea level"
  • Consider the 1946 historical observations as recorded in
  • United States Tsunamis - 1690-1988 (page 66)
  • Waipio Valley - 12 meter run-up amplitude
  • Swept 1 mile into valley, pulled away homes and people
  • and left only foundations
  • Waikolu Valley, Molokai - 16.4 meter run-up amplitude
  • Destroyed farms and buildings up entire valley.
  • Makapuu Point, Oahu - 11.1 meter run-up amplitude
  • Destroyed the nearby Ranch buildings with 3 waves (Helsley
  • from wave deposits) leaving only foundations.
  • Three wide valleys destroyed by the 1946 tsunami are
  • historical evidence that Hawaii Kai is at risk.
hawaii kai
HAWAII KAI
  • MINIMUM Evacuation zone should include all area below 5 meters above sea level.
  • 3 Meter Tsunami Flooding Graphic
  • MOVIE AVAILABLE ON NMWW DVD
sandy beach and queens gate
Sandy Beach and Queens Gate
  • 3 meter, 1500 sec Tsunami
  • 10 meter, 1500 sec Tsunami
  • From Numerical Modeling of Water Waves CD-ROM, CRC Press (2004).
  • All of Queens Gate up to Hawaii Kai Drive should be in evacuation zone.
  • MOVIE AVAILABLE ON NMWW DVD