Development of Industrial America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Development of Industrial America

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  1. Development of Industrial America Describe why and how the transcontinental Railroad was built Describe the Homestead Act Explain the problems that occurred between the US and the American Indians

  2. The Great Plains(pg.349) • Between Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains • 1840’s -1850’s, European settlers passed through to get to the California Gold Rush Video- “Great Plains Americas Lingering Wild”

  3. Transportation • Stage coaches • Wagon trains but travel had to change- “Manifest Destiny” – coast to coast Video “OLD WEST COVERED WAGONS”

  4. Transportation Improves(pgs. 349 – 351) • Transcontinental Railroad • 1862 Congress provides $ • 2 companies chosen to build Sacramento – Central Pacific Omaha – Union Pacific

  5. Transcontinental Railroad • Union Pacific – hires war veteran, Irish • Central Pacific – hires Chinese immigrants

  6. Transcontinental Railroad • Dangerous work

  7. Transcontinental Railroad • May 1869- at Promontory Point, Utah • Both tracks unite • Central Pacific- 700 miles • Union Pacific- 1000 miles Video – “Transcontinental Railroad” (1 of 5)

  8. Homestead Act (pg. 354 - 355) • 1862- Congress passes Homestead Act • Pioneers to G.P. - farmers/ factory workers/ immigrants • 160 acres – but have to live on it for 5 yrs. Video – “1862 The Homestead Act” / “Far and Away Land Rush”

  9. HomesteadersPeople who owned land under the Homestead Act • Problems-ground hard/ little rain/ lack of building material • Sod- grass and roots- new building material • New inventions – drilling deep wells- (windmills) • New farming method- dry farming

  10. The Plains Indians (pages 356 – 357) • Cheyenne • Comanche Video – “Indian Uses of Bison” • Blackfeet Video- “Buffalo Jump” Video- “Dances With Wolves” • Sioux nations (7)

  11. Ways of life destroyed • Killing of buffalo • Reservations • Gold discovered – Black Hills, South Dakota

  12. Little Big Horn (pg. 357- 359) • Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his 7th Calvary (210) vs. Sioux/ Cheyenne (2000 total) at the Little Big Horn River in Montana Custer, 210 troops killed(only survivor horse name Comanche)

  13. Battle at Little Big Horn Shocked the country • American Indians won – called Custer’s Last Stand • Warriors do surrender later on- ran out of food/ ammunition Final result- gov. concerned-add more Reservations for all American Indians

  14. Chief Red Cloud

  15. Dawes Act • Dawes Act 1887 Congress passed – turn American Indians into farmers If a American Indian excepted- made a citizen of US Could not sell land for 25 years Protecting lands for the Am. Indians By 1924- all American Indians citizens

  16. Wounded Knee • Ghost Dance - religious movement- 1890 belief that the dance would protect – bullets, bring back buffalo, remove settlers This frightened the settlers 7th Calvary arrive at Wounded Knee

  17. Wounded Knee • December 28, 1890 Wounded Knee, South Dakota Cavalry was to disarm Ghost Dancers (many tribes) Someone fired-Am. Indians: 290 dead / Soldiers 25 dead The massacre at Wounded Knee ended fighting between Am. Gov. and Plains Indians.