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Governments in Ancient Greece. Monarchy. State ruled by a king Rule is hereditary Some rulers claim divine right What is divine right? Mycenae. Aristocracy. State ruled by nobility Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority Athens.

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monarchy
Monarchy
  • State ruled by a king
  • Rule is hereditary
  • Some rulers claim divine right
    • What is divine right?
  • Mycenae
aristocracy
Aristocracy
  • State ruled by nobility
  • Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership
  • Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority
  • Athens
oligarchy
Oligarchy
  • State ruled by a small group of citizens
  • Rule is based on wealth
  • Ruling group controls military
  • Sparta
direct democracy
Direct Democracy
  • State ruled by its citizens
  • Rule is based on citizenship
  • Majority rule decides vote
  • Athens
doric
Doric
  • Sturdy
  • Plain capital (top)
  • Found in mainland Greece, southern Italy and Sicily
  • Parthenon
parthenon
Parthenon
  • Built in 5th century B.C.E.
  • Temple of Athena Parthenos (Greek goddess of wisdom)
  • Built on the acropolis in Athens
ionic
Ionic
  • Thinner
  • More elegant
  • Capital has scroll-like design
  • Found in eastern Greece and the islands
  • Erechtheum
  • Temple of Athena Nike
erechtheum
Erechtheum
  • Built between 421 and 405 BC
  • Contained sanctuaries and shrines
slide19
Athena Nike Statue
  • Louvre Museum in France
  • Nike Swoosh
corinthian
Corinthian
  • Rare
  • Capital is elaborate, decorated with leaves
  • Temple of Apollo at Bassae
acropolis of athens
Acropolis of Athens
  • Dates back to Bronze Age
  • Elevated, fortified section of ancient Athens
  • Devoted to religious purposes
  • Contains sanctuaries and shrines