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Japan: A Homogenous Culture. Chapter 7 Case Study. How does homogeneity influence communication?. Hofstede’s results indicate that despite the common stereotype of Japan’s “group-oriented” culture, it is in the middle of the Individualism-Collectivism scale.

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japan a homogenous culture

Japan: A Homogenous Culture

Chapter 7

Case Study

how does homogeneity influence communication
How does homogeneity influence communication?
  • Hofstede’s results indicate that despite the common stereotype of Japan’s “group-oriented” culture, it is in the middle of the Individualism-Collectivism scale.
  • Hofstede speculates that this is because younger Japanese – those 25 years old and younger are less group oriented, hierarchical, and formal (p. 172).
interdependence interconnectedness
Interdependence & Interconnectedness
  • Geography: Japan is an archipelago of four main islands & many smaller ones.
  • Land mass is equivalent to the state of CA.
japan has a constitutional monarchy
Japan has a Constitutional Monarchy

Emperor Akihito

& Empress Michiko

Japan combines tradition with modern interpretations of the West. U.S. popular culture influences fashion, food, and language.


shintoism is a state religion dating from the meiji restoration 1868 wwii
Shintoism is a state religion dating from the Meiji Restoration, 1868- WWII.

3 types of shinto

Shinto Wedding Ceremony

when surveyed about what they are proudest of japanese say
When surveyed about what they are proudest of Japanese say:
  • Maintenance of social order
  • Natural beauty
  • History and traditions
  • Diligence and talents of its people
  • High level of education
  • The country’s prosperity
  • Culture and arts
98 of the population is japanese
98% of the population is Japanese
  • Indigenous native peoples include the Ainu.
  • Koreans and Chinese make up the rest.
japanese cultural patterns
Japanese Cultural Patterns
  • Japan’s relative isolation from the world until 1853 (Perry’s exploration voyage) meant it developed its own ways free of outside influences.
  • Key beliefs include: cooperation, minimizing conflict, and face saving.
  • “communication without language” everyone is on the same page through schooling and socialization.
japanese worldview
Japanese worldview
  • Language imparts information about where you stand:
  • gaikoku –

outside nation

  • Gaijin –

outside person

social interdependence
Social Interdependence
  • Amaeru- looking to others for support.
  • Amae – feeling of nurturing for and dependence on another. Also a sense of complete dependence based on a wish to be loved and cared for unconditionally. Seen in relationship between mother and child, later in child’s teachers, and ultimately to one’s boss/employer. P. 177.
japan s faceless fifty
Japan’s “Faceless Fifty”
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20707753
  • The term, yamato-damashi, or Japanese spirit refers to group responsibility and collective consciousness.