DIVERSITY. Race or culture Gender Age Abilities Equity: freedom from bias or favoritism Inequities in early childhood Negatively affects child’s image How are we alike Individual skills and abilities. Cultural Diversity What is culture? The different ways we do the same thing
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DIVERSITY • Race or culture • Gender • Age • Abilities • Equity: freedom from bias or favoritism • Inequities in early childhood • Negatively affects child’s image • How are we alike • Individual skills and abilities
Cultural Diversity • What is culture? • The different ways we do the same thing • Cultural issues • Independence • Feeding practices • Toileting practices • Holiday celebrations
Stereotype • Standardized mental picture that is held in common by members of a group • An oversimplified opinion
Gender Identify • Are boys treated differently than girls? • Differences in society today? • Teaching narrow sex roles limits children’s capabilities and potential • Gender issues can affect self esteem
ADA and IDEA • ADA—Americans with Disabilities Ace • IDEA—Individuals with Disabilities Education Act • IFSP—Individual Family Service Plan • 0-3 yrs • Health and Welfare • IEP—Individual Education Plan • 3-21 • Local School District
IEP • Statement of student’s present levels of education performance • Statement of annual goals, including short term instructional objectives • Statement of specific special education and related services to be provided to the student • Statement of needed transition services • Projected dates for initiation of services and duration • Appropriate objective criteria and evaluation procedures and schedules of determining annually if objectives are being met.
Approaches to Cultural Diversity • Curriculum Approaches • Human Relations Approach • Maintain good relationships within ethnic groups • How to get along with each other in all activities • Learn about differences and similarities • Multicultural Approach: • America is like a tossed salad • American is not a melting pot • Strength of society comes from diversity • Influences all areas of the classroom
Tourist Approach • Appreciation of one’s own culture • Short period of time used to learn about a specific culture • Anti-Bias Education: • Change inequality and sources of stereotypes • Modeling democracy in the classroom • Influences all areas of the classroom