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Agriculture Jharkhand. Department of Agriculture Government of Jharkhand. the state profile. Geographical area : 79.71 lakh ha Arable land : 38.00 lakh ha Net sown area : 21.22 lakh ha Cropping intensity : 114% Irrigated area : 1.74 lakh ha

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slide1

Agriculture Jharkhand

Department of Agriculture

Government of Jharkhand

the state profile

the state profile

Geographical area : 79.71 lakh ha

Arable land : 38.00 lakh ha

Net sown area : 21.22 lakh ha

Cropping intensity : 114%

Irrigated area : 1.74 lakh ha

Forest area : 23.33 lakh ha

Average rainfall : 1400 mm

Jharkhand

the state profile1
the state profile
  • Number of villages : 32,615
  • Total population : 26.91 m
  • Rural population : 20.92 m
  • Total working population : 10.12 m
  • Cultivators : 3.90 m
  • Agriculture laborers : 2.86 m

Jharkhand

the farmers
the farmers

Number of operational holdings

Jharkhand

the land
theland

Jharkhand

slide6

the land

Jharkhand

slide8

the problem profile

Limited Irrigation

Rain fed Farming

Primitive Technology

Limited extension services

Unorganized marketinginhorticulture sector

Small Holdings

Agriculture

Sector

Negligible farm mechanization

Negligible flow of institutional credit

Biophysical factors

Low Investment

Cropping pattern

Low Production

Low Productivity

Jharkhand

slide9

the vicious circle

Agriculture sector

Low productivity

Low production

Low farm income

Migration

Degradation of forests

Low investment in agriculture

Stagnant rural economy

Jharkhand

slide10

effect of drought

Paddy

Maize

Pulses

Oil seeds

Jharkhand

slide15

Farm mechanization : 2006-07

  • 75 pc subsidy to farmers belonging to STs/SCs.
  • 50 pc subsidy to farmers belonging to other categories for

procurement of farm machinery.

  • Estimated no. of farmers to be benefited: 5000

Jharkhand

slide16

Special program for marginal farmers: 2006-07

  • Diversification to pulses, oilseeds and coarse cereals.
  • Cultivation package to be made available to marginal farmers.
  • Cultivation package to be supplemented with assistance for

creating small water holding structures.

  • Training to farmers.
  • Estimated number of farmers to be benefited -1000

Jharkhand

slide17

Region specific contingency plan : 2006-07

  • Crop diversification program for 1.0 lakh ha area.
  • Main crops – Maize, finger millet, pulses, Kulthi, niger etc.
  • Palamau and Santhal Pargana to be focused.

Jharkhand

slide18

Vegetable seed production through seed villages : 2006-07

  • 12 seed village to be established.
  • Every seed village to be given Rs. 8.00 lakhs as revolving fund.
  • KVK, Ranchi and KVK, Dumka to provide technical assistance
  • and help in finance management.
  • GoI to purchase all the seed during first two years.
  • Association of these seed villages to be floated as seed
  • company.

Jharkhand

slide19

Impetus to vegetable production and marketing : 2006-07

  • Establishment of 50 Agri Business Centers.
  • These centers to be manned by agricultural graduates.
  • Each center to concentrate on 100-150 ha of vegetable

producing area.

  • Center to provide backward and forward linkages to farmers.
  • Center to have a pick up van, agricultural implements, a shade

net and training facilities.

Jharkhand

slide20

Agri Export Zone : 2006-07

  • Establishment of Modern Integrated Horticulture Market in
  • Ranchi with private-public participation.
  • Establishment of infrastructure for post harvest management,
  • cool chain, packaging centers and dehydration units for
  • vegetables.
  • Consultancy for e-marketing network.
  • Strengthening of agri information centers.

Jharkhand

slide21

Commercial floriculture : 2006-07

  • 100 units of 0.1 ha each of gladiolus.
  • 50 units of 0.1 ha each of bird of paradise.
  • 10 units of 550 sq.m of carnation under poly house.
  • 10 units of 550 sq.m of roses under poly house.

Jharkhand

slide22

Integrated development of fruits on uplands :2006-07

  • 500 units of 5 ha area.
  • Multi tier cropping system
  • Mango, Aonla and Litchi based orchards.

Jharkhand

slide23

Risk management through protected cultivation.: 2006-07

  • 100 farmers to be provided a subsidy of Rs. 2.0 lakh each

for sheltered cultivation of vegetables.

  • This is to minimize the risk in vegetable cultivation for

which no insurance scheme is available.

Jharkhand

slide24

Soil and water conservation : 2006-07

  • Creation of 440 irrigation units equipped with lift and

transmission devices and linked with high value crop

production.

  • Rain water harvesting measures for in-situ moisture

conservation and enhancing the ground water recharge

400 units of 1.0 acre each

  • Treatment of catchments area.

Jharkhand

slide25

Strengthening of infrastructure for Agriculture Research :2006-07

  • Establishment of a Dairy Technology College.
  • Establishment of Livestock and Fisheries Research Institute.
  • Establishment of an Agriculture College in Santhal Pargana.
  • Home science and agriculture engineering.

Jharkhand

slide26

Other important programs :2006-07

  • Establishment of one Agriculture Technology Park in each

district.

  • Development of Integrated Farming Model for small holdings

(1.0 to 2.5 acres) in 10 villages.

  • Electronic documentation of farmers and their resources in

10 districts.

  • Establishment of two organic villages.
  • National watershed Development Program in 200 micro

water sheds covering an area of 1.02 lakh ha area.

Jharkhand

slide27

Fertilizers : 2006-07

  • For Kharif 2006 an allocation of 125000 tones of urea has been made for

Jharkhand.

  • Supply of DAP, Mop and SSP will be ensured through their manufacturers

in Orrisa and W. Bengal.

  • Liquid bio fertilizers are being supplied for 25000 acres to framers .

Jharkhand

slide28

Pest management.: 2006-07

  • Climate of Jharkhand being dry, incidence of air borne

diseases is less.

  • Consumption of pesticides is minimal
  • Integrated Pest Management and Farmers Field Schools

are being promoted.

  • Availability of pesticide is not a problem.

Jharkhand

slide30

Initiatives

Jharkhand

slide35

Risk management through protected cultivation.: 2006-07

Progress Report

a. State Plan (All amount in lakh Rs.)

b. Centrally sponsored schemes (90:10) (All amount in lakh Rs.)

c. Central sector schemes (All amount in lakh Rs.)

Jharkhand

intervention needed
intervention needed

Public investment for reclamation of unused cultivable land

Total cultivable land : 38.00 lakh ha.

Net area sown : 21.22 lakh ha.

Unused land : about 17.00 lakh ha.

The resource less farmers are unable to cultivate it due to lack of finances and irrigation facility. Massive public investment is required to put this land for agricultural usage so that to bring a horizontal expansion in the agriculture sector.

Jharkhand

slide38

intervention needed

Important issues where intervention of Government of India is required:

Jharkhand

intervention needed1
intervention needed

Institutional support for development of agriculture.

  • Establishment of a Centre of Excellence for Rain fed Agriculture System to generate the relevant technology and imparting it to the farmers at the local level.
  • Development of infrastructure at the Birsa Agriculture University, the sole State Agriculture University in the State, so that to help it produce quality human resources, carry out the need based quality research and impart technology to the farmers.
  • Up gradation of Horticulture and Agro forestry Research Program to the level of a Research Institute so that to make it able to provide technical support to the horticultural development program of the State in a better way.
  • All the ICAR Centers and Institutes in the State to be equipped with the technology transfer cells so that the technologies developed here may reach the farmers’ fields.
  • All the KVKs need to have the vocational training center so that they can provide practical knowledge of agriculture to the rural youths.

Jharkhand