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BGS History GCSE Revision Tests. Germany after the War. 1) What was Germany called after the war?. The Weimar Republic. 2) Explain why it got this new name? [2]. WEIMAR – Because Germany’s capital (Berlin) was too unsafe to meet in, so they met in Weimar instead.

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slide1

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

Germany afterthe War

2 explain why it got this new name 2
2) Explain why it got this new name? [2]

WEIMAR – Because Germany’s capital (Berlin) was too unsafe to meet in, so they met in Weimar instead.

REPUBLIC – Because it now had an elected leader (a President) instead of a King or KAISER.

The Kaiser had run off to Holland at the end of the war!

3 when did the war end
3) When did the war end?

11th

NOVEMBER 1918

5 what did many germans believe their leaders had done to them by ending the war
5) What did many Germans believe their leaders had done to them by ending the war?

STABBED THEM IN

THE BACK!!

6 what nickname was given to germany s leaders who had agreed to end the war the armistice
6) What nickname was given to Germany’s leaders who had agreed to end the war (the armistice)?

THE NOVEMBER CRIMINALS

8 what does democracy mean
8) What does democracy mean?

One person

=

One vote

slide10

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

The Treatyof Versailles

11 why did they expect this kind of treaty
11) Why did they expect this kind of treaty?

The American President had been talking about how important it was to be fair.

He’d been talking about “PEACE WITHOUT VICTORY”, a treaty that looked forward not back.

12 in terms of land list two of the key terms
12) In terms of land, list two of the key terms.

Germany lost 13% of its land (and about 6 million people who lived there).

Germany was split in two to give Poland access to the sea (the Polish Corridor).

17 why did germany have no choice but to accept the treaty
17) Why did Germany have no choice but to accept the treaty?

She would be invaded if she didn’t accept the terms.

slide21

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

Politics inWeimar Germany

18 what do left wing people want to happen
18) What do LEFT-WING people want to happen?

They want CHANGE!!!

They want the gap between rich and poor to be made much smaller – workers should be looked after better and paid more.

19 what do right wing people want
19) What do RIGHT-WING people want?

They want things to

stay the SAME!!!

Basically they’re happy to keep things as they are – allow rich people to stay rich, and keep paying the workers the same.

20 communism is a left wing idea true or false
20) Communism is a left-wing idea: true or false?

TRUE

Communism is the most extreme left-wing ideaEVERYBODY SHOULD BE EQUAL!!

This will happen through a REVOLUTION!!!

21 who were the freikorps
21) Who were the Freikorps?

Soldiers who had fought in the First World War, who now joined together.

They hated the new democratic Weimar Republic – they saw democracy as weak.

BUT THEY HATED COMMUNISM MORE!

22 were they left wing or right wing
22) Were they left-wing or right-wing?

RIGHT-WING!!!

[They hated democracy, and wanted the

strong leadership of the Kaiser back]

23 which group tried to take power in 1919 were they extreme left wing or extreme right wing
23) Which group tried to take power in 1919? Were they extreme left-wing or extreme right-wing?

SPARTACISTS

They were a LEFT-WING, COMMUNIST group.

24 which group stopped them were they extreme left wing or extreme right wing
24) Which group stopped them? Were they extreme left-wing or extreme right-wing?

THE FREIKORPS!!!

They were RIGHT-WING

[They hated democracy, and wanted the

strong leadership of the Kaiser back]

25 was the red rising of the ruhr in 1920 started by the communists or the right wing
25) Was the ‘Red Rising of the Ruhr’ in 1920 started by the Communists or the right-wing?

COMMUNISTS!!!

26 which group tried to take power in the 1920 kapp putsch
26) Which group tried to take power in the 1920 Kapp Putsch?

THE FREIKORPS!!!

They thought that the Weimar Republic was so weak that it would be easy to take over.

Led by Dr Kapp.

slide32

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

1923- The yearof crisis

1923 year of crisis 28 why did the french invade the ruhr in 1923
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!28) Why did the French invade the Ruhr in 1923?

Because Germany had not paid any reparations in 1922, and under the terms of Versailles France was allowed to invade and help herself to what she wanted from Germany.

1923 year of crisis 29 how did the germans react to the french invasion
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!29) How did the Germans react to the French invasion?

PASSIVE RESISTANCE

The Germans couldn’t fight the French – small army and too weak after the war, so they everyone in the Ruhr went on strike instead = Passive Resistance.

1923 year of crisis 30 what economic problem did passive resistance lead to
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!30) What economic problem did Passive Resistance lead to?

1923!!! - HYPERINFLATION!!! – 1923!!!

The German government had told all its workers to stop working, but it still had to pay them! It did this by printing loads of money, but this meant that money lost all its value!!

1923 year of crisis 31 give examples of how hyperinflation made life difficult for germans
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!31) Give examples of how Hyperinflation made life difficult for Germans.

Money lost all its value – at one stage an egg cost 80 million marks.

People had to carry money around in wheelbarrows.

By the time you got to the front of a queue the price of what you were buying had doubled.

1923 yearof crisis 32 give two groups of people who really suffered from hyperinflation
1923 – YEAROF CRISIS!32) Give two groups of people who really suffered from Hyperinflation?

1) Pensioners – they were on a fixed income. There was no way this could keep up with the crazy prices.

2) People with savings in the bank. Their savings had lost all their value.

1923 year of crisis 33 which man solved hyperinflation and how did he do it 2 key measures
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!33) Which man solved Hyperinflation, and how did he do it? [2 key measures]

STRESEMANN

Ended Passive Resistance

Introduced a new currency – the Rentenmark

slide39
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!34) Why was ending Passive Resistance so unpopular with right-wing extremists like the Nazis?

It was like “giving in” to the French.

It was as if Stresemann was saying the Treaty of Versailles was fair, and that Germany should be paying reparations.

1923 year of crisis 35 what did the nazis do at the end of 1923 which showed how angry they were
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!35) What did the Nazis do at the end of 1923 which showed how angry they were?

The Munich Putsch

Hitler and the Nazis tried to start a national revolution in Munich. It failed.

1923 year of crisis 36 why did the munich putsch fail
1923 - YEAR OF CRISIS!36) Why did the Munich Putsch fail?

Hitler had assumed the army and police would support him and join in.

They did not.

1923 year of crisis 37 what important lesson did hitler learn from the failure of the munich putsch
1923- YEAR OF CRISIS!37) What important lesson did Hitler learn from the failure of the Munich Putsch?

That he would have to take power legally, and GET VOTED IN TO POWER.

He had tried a violent revolution and it had failed.

1923 year of crisis 38 what is the correct order of the following 5 events of 1923
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!38) What is the correct order of the following 5 events of 1923?

Ending of Passive Resistance

Hyperinflation

Munich Putsch

Invasion of the Ruhr

Passive Resistance

1923 year of crisis correct order of events
1923 – YEAR OF CRISIS!Correct order of events:

1) Invasion of the Ruhr

2) Passive Resistance

3) Hyperinflation

4) Ending of Passive Resistance

5) Munich Putsch

slide45

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

Stresemann &the golden years

39 name the two jobs that stresemann did in the german government
39) Name the two jobs that Stresemann did in the German government.

Chancellor

Foreign Minister

40 what two things did stresemann do to end the crisis of hyperinflation
40) What two things did Stresemann do to end the crisis of hyperinflation?

Introduce a new currency – the RENTENMARK

Called off passive resistance

42 explain how this theory was meant to work
42) Explain how this theory was meant to work.

Germany would fulfil, or agree to, the terms

of the Treaty of Versailles

43 what happened in 1924 that showed that the theory was working how did it help germany
43) What happened in 1924 that showed that the theory was working. How did it help Germany?

The DAWES PLAN gave Germany longer to pay the Allies and the US lent them 800 million marks!

It helped Germany because they could then

improve housing, hospitals, schools and

roads

44 what was decided at the locarno pact of 1925
44) What was decided at the Locarno Pact of 1925?

Germany, France, Belgium & Italy agreed

not to invade one another

46 why was stresemann unpopular with right wing extremists
46) Why was Stresemann unpopular with right-wing extremists?

They thought he was weak because he:

had “given in” to the French over the Ruhr crisis

he had agreed to fulfil the terms of Versailles

47 what happened in 1929 which helped germany
47) What happened in 1929 which helped Germany?

The YOUNG PLAN lowered the reparations that Germany had to pay

slide56

BGS History

GCSE Revision Tests

Hitler’s riseto power

slide60

51) As one thing in Germany got worse and worse, more and more people voted for the Nazis. What was that thing and how big was the problem by 1932?

Unemployment

6 million unemployed by

1932!!!

52 the nazis twisted the truth and told lies to win people s support what s the word for this
52) The Nazis twisted the truth and told lies to win people’s support. What’s the word for this?

Propaganda!

53 give an example of a key nazi slogan used in the elections
53) Give an example of a key Nazi slogan used in the elections.

“Hitler – our last

hope!”

54 why did the fact that the communists were getting stronger actually help the nazis
54) Why did the fact that the Communists were getting stronger actually help the Nazis?

Because many people really FEARED that

the Communists would take over the

country. So they turned to the Nazis instead!

slide65
56) What were the names of the 3 chancellors who failed to solve the problems of the Great Depression?

Bruning

Papen

3) Schleicher

57 what percentage voted for nazis in 1928
57) What percentage voted for Nazis in 1928?

2%

(the year before the Wall Street Crash!)

58 what percentage voted for nazis in 1932
58) What percentage voted for Nazis in 1932?

37% !!!

(After the Wall Street Crash – by 1932 6 million people were unemployed.)

59 why did hindenburg have no choice but to ask hitler to become chancellor
59) Why did Hindenburg have no choice but to ask Hitler to become Chancellor?

3 Chancellors had come and gone in three years (B,P,S) and all failed– Hindenburg chose Hitler because he was the most popular figure …