Strategies to Support Students with Autism in Inclusive Settings C-MATT 3-10-11
Work Time Strategies(How to get your student to sit down and attend to a work task) Timer (having a timer on the child’s desk) Red, yellow, green cards ( visual cues: red= work, yellow= almost done, green=done) First- Then ( Picture under each, First picture of “work” Then picture of their “reinforcement”) Schedule (routine activity sequences, sticky notes/index cards) Work baskets (Use a basket with work materials, they take it out of basket and do the work and then put in finish box when done) Give fidget supports (Koosh ball, “Thera Band” on chair legs) Assign class jobs Structured Worksheets (make a word or picture list of assignments and at the end have the word or symbol for “finished”).
Transition Strategies(How to get your student to move from one activity to the next, one classroom to another, home to school, unexpected activities) Schedules : Sequencing an activity (hand washing) Sequencing morning events (example on cubby it may say: take coat off, hang in closet, put away back pack, close cabinet, go to seat, sit down) Sequencing the day (picture order of large activities of the day; morning group, math, specials, lunch, recess, go home) Unexpected event: prepare them ahead of time; have a “change” cue on the schedule Cue cards on a ring for things that are needed (picture cues to show them direction; stand in line, wait, hands down, quiet) Foot prints on floor; hand prints on their desk; colored tape to mark a route Waiting chair Transition object (a picture card of where they are going or an object that represents what they are doing next) Priming for the next activity; counting backwards; pre-warnings Cues throughout the school
Room Arrangement Strategies(How to set up your room to enhance student success) Picture schedules within reach of student (on desk, on wall) Pictures cues around the room for specific activities (computer, at sink for hand washing sequence, “wait” card on bathroom door, bathroom ) Sensory “break time” area Labels, labels, labels with pictures and words Hands on hands; feet on feet Communication boards if needed at centers and/or work tables Physical boundary when student is sitting for carpet time (hula hoop, carpet square, duck tape, shapes, bumpy cushions)
Communication Strategies(How to interact with your student) Choice/option boards Communication boards (social, activity specific, centers) Pictorial representation for receptive communication (picture cues on a ring, schedule boards, directions, gestures) Consultation with your school speech therapist
Website Resources for Visual Strategies www.cenmi.org/Portals/4/Documents/Tutorials/VisualSupports.pps This is an excellent PowerPoint presentation developed by the Eastern Upper Peninsula Autism Grant Team. This Power Point describes visual supports and provides examples of how to use them. www.tinsnips.org This site is a site containing many special education resources. It has a variety of teaching tools, techniques, worksheets, and activities for teachers of students with autism spectrum disorders and related disabilities. www.buildingblox.net This is an awesome site has teaching activities in PDF files that you can download and produce. www.usevisualstrategies.com This site provides articles, information, resources, and printable pictures cues to support students who need visual strategies. www.boardmakershare.com This is a share site that contains thousands of boardmaker activities to download. It is free but you have to sign up. www.images.google.coom This site contains pictures you can access to develop your own visual supports. www.icontalk.com This site contains resources and downloads for materials created by Barbara Bloomfield. www.do2learn.com This site contains games, songs, picture card and resources for special education. www.autisminternetmodules.org This site contains free online modules on structure and visual strategies related to autism.