INDIAN IMPACTS ON BRITISH CUISINE. – Curry: An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles –. 1 Indian Overall Impacts 2 Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles 2.1 Definition and Pronunciation 2.2 Origin 2.3 Semantic Relationships Varieties of Curry: Masala and Balti Dishes
– Curry: An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles –
2 Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles
2.1 Definition and Pronunciation
2.3 Semantic Relationships
Varieties of Curry: Masala and Balti Dishes
3.1 Chicken Tikka Masala – The New Traditional English Dish?
3.2 Balti – An English Invention?
Empirical Data – Entries in Search Engines
FILM, EG. BOLLYWOOD
Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (1995: 276)
curry /kAri/ n a dish of meat, fish, vegetables, etc cooked with certain hot-tasting spices. Curry is often eaten with rice […]
► curriedadj cooked with certain hot-tasting spices […]
■ curry powdern a mixture of various spices ground to a powder and used in making curry2 Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles
Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (2001: 371)
curry /kAri, AM k3:ri/ (curries, currying, curried)
 Curry is a dish composed of meat and vegetables, or just vegetables, in a sauce containing hot spices. It is usually eaten with rice and is one of the main dishes of India.
Oxford Dictionaries (http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/curry_1?view=uk)
curry1 • noun (pl. curries) a dish of meat, vegetables, etc., cooked in an Indian-style sauce of strong spices. • verb (curries, curried) prepare or flavour with such a
Alan Davidson's Oxford Companion to Food:
from the Tamil word kari meaning spiced sauce
Camellia Panjabi [author of 50 Great Curries of India]:
concedes with this argument, though she suggests Northern India may have played some part; gravy dish called khadi
Others: word curry originates from Old English as cury was the Old English word for cooking derived from the Frenchcuire, meaning to cook, broil or grill
though rather folk linguistics
Definition and Origin(http://www.sonzyskitchen.com/chickentikka.htm)
chicken tikka masala , n., mild curry dish of chicken in a tomato-based sauce, cooked tandoori style (in a charcoal-fired oven)
developed during colonial times in India (½ Indian & ½ British)3 Varieties of Curry: Balti and Masala Dishes
a 1998 survey by Real Curry Restaurant Guide of 48 different CTMs found only common ingredient was chicken
23 million portions a year are sold in Indian restaurants
10 tonnes of Chicken Tikka Masala a day are produced by Noon Products destined for supermarkets
most schools and charities in Sylhet, Bangladesh are run by proceeds from its salesChicken Tikka Masala – Facts and Figures
Oxford Dictionaries (http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/balti?view=uk)
balti /b):lti/ or /bAlti/ n (pl. baltis) a type of Pakistani cuisine in which the food is cooked in a small two-handled pan
ORIGIN: Urdu, ‘pail’
“Balti is the name for a style of food probably first devised and served in Birmingham, England around the late 1970s, probably 1977. The food is a hot curry-style dish, most likely taking its name
from the thick flat-bottomed steel or iron pot in which it is both cooked and served.”3.2 Balti – An English Invention?
A: usual explanation: balti (meaning, literally, "bucket" in India) refers to the steel or iron pot. B: name refers to the region of Baltistan or the Balti people who live there
C: arose from "bowl tea", a Pidgin-English phrase used by English working-class workmen who found the meal to be an affordable and filling 'tea' (dinner) at the end of a day's workOrigin
vast majority of Balti houses are situated in the Sparkbrook, Balsall Heath and Moseley areas of South Birmingham = “Balti Triangle”
there are around 50 balti houses in the “Balti Triangle” - many of them famous for their giant 'table top' naansBirmingham‘s Balti Triangle
Balti Triangle. Travel West Midlands. 26 June 2005. <http://www.travelwm.co.uk/events/ ptv/baltitriangle.asp>
Crowther, Jonathan, ed (1995). Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary. Oxford: University Press.
Curry. Wikipedia. 26 June 2005. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curry>
Dish Glossary. Curry Pages. 26 June 2005. <http://www.currypages.com/dishglossary. aspx>
Encyclopeadia. Nationmaster. 26 June 2005. <http://www.nationmaster.com/ encyclopedia>
Inside Out. BBC. 26 June 2005. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/northwest/series1/ curry.shtml>
Legacies – Birmingham. BBC. 26 June 2005. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/immig_ emig/england/birmingham/index.shtml>
Sinclair, John, ed. (2001). English Dictionary for Advanced Learners. Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers.
Sony‘z Kitchen. Home Page. 26 June 2005. <http://www.sonzyskitchen.com/chicken tikka.htm>Sources
If not, …
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