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Evaluation of the strategy. Denis Manley. Strategy Evaluation. Strategy evaluation is vital to an organization’s well-being (success); timely evaluations can alert management to problems or potential problems before a situation becomes critical .

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slide2

Strategy Evaluation

Strategy evaluation is vital to an organization’s well-being (success); timely evaluations can alert management to problems or potential problems before a situation becomes critical.

  • Moreover: Strategy evaluation is essential to ensure that stated “annual” objectives are being achieved.
slide3

Strategy Review, Evaluation, & Control

  • Examine the underlying bases (IEF and EEF) and objectives of a firm’s strategy
  • Compare expected to actual results
  • Identify corrective actions to ensure that performance conforms to plans

3 Basic Activities

slide4

I.Review Underlying Bases

III.

Take

Corrective

Actions

II. Measure Firm Performance

Evaluation Framework

Yes

Differences?

NO

Yes

Differences?

NO

Continue present course

1 examine bases of strategy
1:Examine bases of strategy
  • Are strengths still strengths?
  • Have we added additional strengths?
  • Are weaknesses still weaknesses?
  • Have we developed other weaknesses?

Monitor Strengths & Weaknesses;

1 examine bases of strategy1
1:Examine bases of strategy
  • Are opportunities still opportunities?
  • Other opportunities develop?
  • Are threats still threats
  • Other threats emerged?; e.g. Are we vulnerable to hostile takeover?

Monitor Opportunities & Threats

2 actual v expected
2: Actual v expected

Measuring Organizational Performance: based on an long term and annual objectives

  • Compare expected to actual results
  • Investigate deviations from plan
  • Evaluate individual performance
  • Evaluate the progress toward stated objectives
  • Failure to make satisfactory progress signals a need for corrective action.
2 actual v expected1
2: Actual v expected
  • Have assets increased
  • Increase in profitability
  • Increase in sales
  • Increase in productivity
  • Increased Profit margins

Some ways to evaluate of Strategic Performance based on financial issues:

slide9

3: Taking Corrective action:

  • taking corrective action, requires making changes to reposition a firm, competitively, for the future (e.g. alteration of the implemented strategy).
    • Examples of changes that may be needed are: altering an organization’s structure; replacing one or more key individuals; selling a division; or revising a business mission.
  • However taking corrective action raises employees’ and managers’ anxieties.
    • Research suggests that participation in strategy-evaluation activities is one of the best ways to overcome individuals’ resistance to change (implementation).
strategy review evaluation control
Strategy Review, Evaluation, & Control

Four CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EFFECTIVE EVALUATION SYSTEM

  • Strategy-evaluation activities must be economical; too much information can be just as bad as too little information.
  • Strategy-evaluation activities should also be meaningful; they should specifically relate to a firm’s objectives.
  • Strategy-evaluation activities should provide timely information; on occasion and in some areas, managers may need information daily.
  • Strategy evaluation should be designed to provide a true picture of what is happening.
slide11

Modern Challenges in strategic Management:

  • Currently the “process” is more an “art” than “science”
  • Should strategies be visible or hidden from stakeholders
    • Visible: Participation and openness enhances understanding, commitment, and communication within the firm.
    • Hidden: Secrecy limits rival firms from imitating or duplicating the firm’s strategies and undermining the firm.
  • Should process be more top-down or bottom up
    • Top executives are the only persons in the firm with the collective experience…; to make key strategy decisions.
    • Lower- and middle-level managers and employees who will be implementing the strategies need to be actively involved in the process of formulating the strategies to assure their support and commitment.
sample questions
Sample Questions
  • Describe the three steps in performing a strategic evaluation (9 marks).
  • Explain, using suitable examples two ways that an organisations information systems can facilitate an effective evaluation process. (10 marks)