congressional committees l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Congressional Committees PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Congressional Committees

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Congressional Committees - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 372 Views
  • Uploaded on

Congressional Committees. Congressional Committees. Standing committees Select committees Joint Committees Conference Committees. Congressional Committees. 104 th congress (1995-1996) Contract with America Reduced number of committees in both houses 103 rd congress-252 committees

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Congressional Committees' - neith


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
congressional committees2
Congressional Committees
  • Standing committees
  • Select committees
  • Joint Committees
  • Conference Committees
congressional committees3
Congressional Committees
  • 104th congress (1995-1996)
    • Contract with America
    • Reduced number of committees in both houses
    • 103rd congress-252 committees
    • 84th congress (1955-1956) 242 committees
post 1995 reform
Post 1995 reform
  • Total committees- 198
  • House
    • went from 22 to 19 standing committees
    • Went from 115 sub committees to 84
post 1995 reform5
Post 1995 reform
  • Senate
    • Maintained the 17 committees
    • Reduced the number of sub committees from 86 to 68
party in committee
Party in committee
  • The majority party maintains the majority of the seats in each committee
  • The majority party determines the chair of the committee ( HR-6 year limit)
  • Ratio is roughly the same as the total congressional house
standing committees
Standing Committees
  • Most important-
    • Propose legislation by reporting a bill out to the full house or senate
    • House members serve on two committees
      • An exception is if one is on an exclusive committee
    • Each Senator may serve on two major and one minor committee
exclusive committees
Exclusive Committees
  • House of Reps
  • Limit a representative to one committee membership
  • Exclusive committees
    • Appropriations
    • Rules
    • Ways and Means
committee rules
Committee rules
  • House
    • Chair elected by secret ballot in party caucus
    • No member chairs more than one committee
    • All committees with more than 20 members must have 4 subcommittees
    • Increase committee and personal staffs
    • Committee meetings public unless members vote it closed.
committee rules10
Committee Rules
  • Senate
    • Committee meetings public unless members vote to close them
    • Committee chairs selected by secret ballot at the request of 1/5th of the party
    • Committees to have larger staffs
congressional staffs
Congressional Staffs
  • In 1998 average representatives had 17 staffers and senators had 40.
  • 103rd congress- 10,000 personal staffers
    • 3000 more employed with congressional committees
    • 3000 more employed in congressional research agencies
    • Largest growing part of bureaucracy
congressional staff
Congressional Staff
  • Personal staffer duty-
    • Answering mail
    • Handling problems
    • Mailing newsletters
    • Meeting with constituents
  • 1/3 of staff is local
  • Task is to get votes
congressional staff13
Congressional Staff
  • Most members of congress have one local office
  • Half have two or more
  • Incumbent hard to beat because of this
congressional staff14
Congressional Staff
  • Washington Staff members
      • Read 6000 bills, aid in the enactment of 600 laws per year
    • Write bills
    • Negotiate agreements
    • Organize hearings
congressional staff15
Congressional Staff
  • Write questions for members to ask witnesses
  • Draft reports
  • Meet with lobbyists and administrators
  • Meet with mass media
  • Promote bosses
  • Find and promote legislation
staff agencies
Staff Agencies
  • Agencies that work for Congress as a whole
  • Gives Congress specialized knowledge
congressional research service
Congressional Research Service
  • Congressional Research service (CRS)
    • Part of the Library of Congress
    • Employs over 900 people
    • Answers questions for Congress members
    • Over ¼ million questions per year
    • Politically neutral
    • Keeps track of major bill status
    • Gives summaries of all bills- stored electronically
general accounting office
General Accounting Office
  • General Accounting Office (GAO)
  • Routine financial audits
  • Investigates agencies and policies
  • Makes recommendations on all aspects of government
slide19
GAO
  • Comptroller general- head of agency
  • Appointed by the President
  • Serves 15 year term
  • GAO employs 5000 people
  • Some members permanently assigned to work with committees
congressional budget office
Congressional Budget Office
  • Congressional Budget office (CBO)
    • Created in 1974
    • Advises Congress on the possible economic effects of spending programs
    • Provides information on the cost of proposed legislation
    • Prepares analysis of President’s budget and economic projections
    • Aids Congress in budget debates