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Macrophage Biology and Innate Immunity Andreas Lengeling. Consortium members will be drawn from the following organizations. The Roslin Institute ( ; Hume, Lengeling, Mabbott, Manson, Freeman),

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Macrophage Biology

and Innate Immunity

Andreas Lengeling


Consortium members will be drawn from the following organizations.

  • The Roslin Institute (; Hume, Lengeling, Mabbott, Manson, Freeman),
  • The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies Pathology Unit (Philbey, Harrison)
  • Wellcome Trust Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution (; Allen)
  • Centre for Molecular Medicine (; Rheumatic Diseases Unit (Ralston), Gastrointestinal Diseases Unit (Satsangi)
  • Edinburgh Cancer Research UK Centre (; Frame)
  • MRC Centre for Inflammation Research (; Dransfield, Rossi, Iredale, Forbes, Gregory)
  • MRC Human Genetics Unit (, Dorin)
  • MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine (; ffrench-Constant)
  • Edinburgh Division of Pathway Medicine (; Ghazal)

Why study macrophages!

Macrophage Activation

Innate immune defence

Wound repair


Chronic inflammation

Multiple organ failure

Tumour growth




We aim to establish an in vitro screening panel to examine the impact of knockouts on myeloid differentiation, innate immunity and antigen presentation.


More than 70% of the genes in the genome are expressed in macrophages in some state of activation

Knockouts of macrophage-specific genes, or conditional knockouts of essential genes in macrophages, are unlikely to be lethal.

Condition Knockouts can use lysM-cre, CD11b/c-cre, Csf1r-cre

Gene Prioritisation


Research Plan

  • Bone marrow cells can be frozen, recovered, and cultured in appropriate colony-stimulating factors to generate all of the major myeloid lineages. We propose that IMPC routinely freeze marrow from all viable lines. Foetal liver is an alternative for late gestational or postnatal lethals.
  • Transcriptomic profiling of culture-derived macrophages
  • Measurements of differentiation (expression of markers), proliferation and apoptosis
  • Assay of the outcome of interactions of macrophages with a range of pathogens including mycobacteria, salmonella, listeria, group A streptococcus, candida, leishmania, influenza, adenovirus and cytomegalovirus.
  • Assay of classical (interferon gamma) and alternative (IL-4) activation based on induction of standard marker genes
  • Assay of antigen-presentation based upon activation of T cells from the OT-II transgenic mouse line in response to ovalbumin.
The principal of phenotyping using frozen marrow has been confirmed by ourselves and others. We are developing to the pipeline to test the phenotype of an ENU mutant in the Mpeg1 macrophage-specific gene.

We proposed to develop a programme grant application to the MRC that would include provision for funding of a dedicated technician to collect and freeze bone marrow at Harwell.

Although we have prioritised a set of macrophage-expressed genes of specific interest to our own research, we would also be interesting in participating in other proposals. A priori, we can provide information on whether any gene is expressed in an informative manner in macrophages generated from bone marrow.

We also propose to establish a major Centre of excellence in comparative pathology at DickVet/Roslin that would be please to be named and involved in any phenotyping activity.

Funding/Research Strategy