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INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN BRAZIL. Tadao Takahashi. CONTENTS. Brief Historical Perspective Brazil Today Some Flagship Initiatives The Future. BRIEF HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. BRIEF HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE.

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Presentation Transcript
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CONTENTS

  • Brief Historical Perspective
  • Brazil Today
  • Some Flagship Initiatives
  • The Future
slide4

BRIEF HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

1808 - No Industry in Brazil 1808 – Sudden Awakening 1824 – The First Industry Association 1860’s – A Visionnary 1888 – Abolition Of Slavery 19XX – The Second Sao Paulo Industrial Fair 1920’s – The First World War Effort

1940’s – The Second World War Effort 1960’s – The Bossa Nova Years

slide6

1808 – Royal Family

of Portugal

arrives

in Rio,

fleeing from

Napoleon’s

Army.

slide10

19XX

Certificateof

Second Industrial Fair in Sao Paulo.

slide12

1940’s – Brazilian Airforce supports initiative to manufacture Airplanes in the country.

slide16

Amazon forest

Soccer

Carnival

Coffee

It keeps being successful, but there is still more to know

There is a Brazil that many people know

slide17

The Brazil that you must know

Innovation, technology, competitiveness and productivity

slide19

Brazilian Economic and Social Development

  • Low inflation rates during the last 12 years (3,2% in 2006)
  • Reduction of external vulnerability
    • Brazil’s risk fell down and keeps falling (+ 2.000  216)
    • Exports and trade superavit boom
  • Reduction of social inequality: the lowest level in 30 years
    • 70% of the population had income growth (2001-2004)
  • Reduction of poverty: the lowest level ever
    • Revenue of the poorest grew more than 10% (2001-4)
    • 5 million people left a situation of extreme poverty
    • 1,2 million people entered into the formal work market (2006)
  • S&T Development
    • More than 10.000 new Drs. / year
slide20

Industrial Strategy

Brazilian industry is threatened “from the bottom” part by the competition of products/process with low cost production structure and low wages and “from the top” part by countries / companies with high level of innovation and product differentiation

Current

Vision

slide21

Industrial Strategy

Change Brazilian industry pattern of competition through innovation, strength of productive chains and

enabling the environment for private and public investments, in order to be competitive in the international market

Future

Vision

slide22

Focus of the New Initiative

Innovation and

technological

development

Industrial

Modernization

Targets

Economic growth,

Improvements in competitiveness

and efficiency

Industrial, Technological and Foreign Trade Policy

slide23

Industrial, Technology and Foreign Trade Policy

Horizontal Policy

Strategic Options

software

capital goods

pharmaceutics and medicines

semiconductors

Future bearing activities

nanotech

biomass

biotech

some projects
Some Projects
  • Nanotechnology
    • Labs network, linking with industry
  • Biotechnology
    • National Forum: policy guidelines
      • Infrastructure, basic research, regulation, metrology, linking with industry
  • Information and communication technologies: education as a driving force
  • Renewable energy: biofuels
  • Observatory of competitiveness and innovation
slide26

Building Resources for Molecular Breeding of Eucalyptus

The Genolyptus Project

Example of pre-competitive cooperation between Universities and Companies, involves 13 enterprises, 7 universities and 3 research centers from National Research Institute for Agriculture (Embrapa):

a suite of genomic, field and information resources to discover, sequence, map, validate and understand the underlying variation of genes and genomic regions of economic importance in Eucalyptus with a focus on wood and disease resistance.

slide27

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Prize CNI 2005

  • 8 Institutions: Embraer, CTA, USP – Poli & São Carlos, UNICAMP, UFSC, UFU, PUC-Rio
  • 3 enterprises: ESSS, CITS & DELTACORE.
  • 100 specialists.
slide28

optical fiber

nanotech applications

innovative networks

(clusters)

automation

new materials

renewable energy biofuels
Renewable Energy: Biofuels

Bioethanol

Biodiesel

H-Bio

slide32

Population

over 100 million

Area

over 4 million km2

GDP*

> US$ 400 bilhões

Brazil and the BRICs

Indonesia

Nigeria

Bangladesh

Russia

USA

Pakistan

India

Brazil

Canada

China

Mexico

Australia

Japan

United

Kingdom

Spain

France

Source: Investe Brasil

*Nominal GDP

Germany

South Corea

Holland

R. Dauscha (ANPEI) 3ª CNCTI

Italy

slide33

Brazilian Industries - Sucessful Cases

The Placement of Brazil in World Industry Selected sectors

  • Recycling of aluminium cans
  • Jeans, iron ore, compressors for refrigerators
  • Footwear
  • Commercial jets, beer

Radios

Cement

Pulp

Chemical Industy

Steel

Vehicles, capital goods

Transnational companies whose Brazilian branches are among the 5 biggest in the world

  • Accor
  • Xerox
  • Goodyear
  • Nestlé
  • Siemens
  • Unysis
  • Coca-Cola
  • Volkswagen
  • Avon
  • Fiat
  • 3M
  • Telefonica

Source: Investe Brasil

R. Dauscha (ANPEI) 3ª CNCTI

obstacles to innovation
Need to educate more & better;

Little and not diversified financing (FINEP/BNDES/FAP’s);

Bureaucracy (150 days in Brazil x 3 days in Australia);

Tight fiscal policy (38% of GDP);

Lack on infrastructure and logistics.

Obstacles to innovation
goals for innovation
Increase in number of companies that innovate and differentiate their products;

Increase in the quantity of patents (levels compatible to Brazilian participation in world GDP);

Increase in cientifical and technological in the products, processes and services in Brazil, specially exports;

Increase on national expenditures in Cience, Tecnology and Innovation – to reach 2% of GDP

Increase in business investments – from 40% to 60%

Increase in the GDP to 5% year

Goals for Innovation