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Rule #1. A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel Phleb / i tis Phalang / e ctomy Arthr / i tis Hepat / i tis Vertebr / e ctomy. Rule #2. A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant Enter/o / p lasty Lith /o / t omy Tympan /o / t omy Trache /o/ s tomy

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rule 1
Rule #1
  • A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel
    • Phleb/itis
    • Phalang/ectomy
    • Arthr/itis
    • Hepat/itis
    • Vertebr/ectomy
rule 2
Rule #2
  • A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant
    • Enter/o/plasty
    • Lith/o/tomy
    • Tympan/o/tomy
    • Trache/o/stomy
    • Mast/o/pexy
rule 3
Rule #3
  • A combining form that links a root to another root to form a compound word
    • Gastr/o/enter/o/col/o/stomy (3 & 2)
    • Ech/o/cardi/o/graphy (3 & 2)
    • Phleb/o/thromb/osis (#3 & 1)
    • Oste/o/chondr/it is (3 & 1)
chapter 5 building medical words
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Excision of fat (adipose tissue)
chapter 5 building medical words1
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Excision of fat (adipose tissue)
  • Word Root Meaning Fat:
  • Suffix meaning excision:
chapter 5 building medical words2
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Excision of fat (adipose tissue)
  • Word Root Meaning Fat: Lip or Adip
  • Suffix meaning excision: ectomy
chapter 5 building medical words3
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Excision of fat (adipose tissue)
  • Word Root Meaning Fat: Lip or Adip
  • Suffix meaning excision: ectomy
  • Adip/ectomy or Lip/ectomy
chapter 5 building medical words4
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Excision of fat (adipose tissue)
  • Word Root Meaning Fat: Lip or Adip
  • Suffix meaning excision: ectomy
  • Adip/ectomy or Lip/ectomy ( 1 )
chapter 5 building medical words6
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Removal of a nail
  • Word Root meaning nail:
  • Suffix meaning Removal:
chapter 5 building medical words7
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Removal of a nail
  • Word Root meaning nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix meaning Removal: ectomy
chapter 5 building medical words8
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Removal of a nail
  • Word Root meaning nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix meaning Removal: ectomy
  • Answer: Onych/ectomy
chapter 5 building medical words9
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Removal of a nail
  • Word Root meaning nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix meaning Removal: ectomy
  • Answer: Onych/ectomy ( 1 )
chapter 5 building medical words10
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Abnormal condition of a hidden nail
chapter 5 building medical words11
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Abnormal condition of a hidden nail
  • Word Root Meaning Hidden:
  • Word Root Meaning Nail:
  • Suffix meaning abnormal condition:
chapter 5 building medical words12
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Abnormal condition of a hidden nail
  • Word Root Meaning Hidden: crypt
  • Word Root Meaning Nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix abnormal condition: osis
chapter 5 building medical words13
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Abnormal condition of a hidden nail
  • Word Root Meaning Hidden: crypt
  • Word Root Meaning Nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix abnormal condition: osis
  • Onych/o/crypt/osis
chapter 5 building medical words14
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Abnormal condition of a hidden nail
  • Word Root Meaning Hidden: crypt
  • Word Root Meaning Nail: Onych, ungu
  • Suffix abnormal condition: osis
  • Onych/o/crypt/osis(3 & 1)
chapter 5 building medical words16
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Disease of the hair
  • Word Root meaning Hair:
  • Suffix meaning Disease:
chapter 5 building medical words17
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Disease of the hair
  • Word Root meaning Hair: pil, trich
  • Suffix meaning Disease: pathy
chapter 5 building medical words18
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Disease of the hair
  • Word Root meaning Hair: pil, trich
  • Suffix meaning Disease: pathy
  • Trich/o/pathy
chapter 5 building medical words19
Chapter 5 Building Medical Words
  • Disease of the hair
  • Word Root meaning Hair: pil, trich
  • Suffix meaning Disease: pathy
  • Trich/o/pathy ( 2 )