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Chapter 4 Section 3. Southern Victories December 1862, Fredericksburg; May 1863, Chancellorsville The Battle of Gettysburg North wins decisive three-day battle of Gettysburg, July 1863 Total casualties were more than 30%; South demoralized The Gettysburg Address

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slide2

Southern Victories

  • December 1862, Fredericksburg; May 1863, Chancellorsville

The Battle of Gettysburg

  • North wins decisive three-day battle of Gettysburg, July 1863
  • Total casualties were more than 30%; South demoralized

The Gettysburg Address

  • Nov. 1863, Lincoln gives Gettysburg Address at cemetery dedication
  • Speech helps country realize it is a unified nation
slide3

Total War

  • Lincoln appoints Grant (#12 )commander of all Union Armies (1864)
  • Grant appoints William Tecumseh Sherman as Western commander
  • Grant, Sherman wage total war to destroy South’s will to fight
  • Grant’s strategy to decimate Lee’s army while Sherman raids Georgia
slide4

Sherman’s March

  • Spring 1864, Sherman creates a path of destruction through Georgia

The Election of 1864

  • Lincoln’s unexpected reelection helped by Sherman’s victories

The Surrender at Appomatox

  • April 1865, Grant, Lee sign surrender at Appomatox Court House
  • Within a month, all remaining Confederate resistance collapses
slide5

The Thirteenth Amendment

• Thirteenth Amendment bans slavery in all states

Lincoln Is Assassinated

  • April 14, 1865, Lincoln is shot at Ford’s Theater
  • Assassin John Wilkes Booth escapes, trapped by Union cavalry, shot
  • 7 million people pay respects to Lincoln’s funeral train
slide6

Political and Economic Changes

    • Civil War increases power, authority of federal government
    • Southern economy shattered: industry, farmlands destroyed
  • A Revolution in Warfare
    • Developments in military technology make fighting more deadly
    • Ironclad ships change naval warfare