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CNS Capabilities of Single Aisle Commercial Aircraft and Ultra-Long Range Business Jets in 2013-2018. Global Air Navigation Industry Symposium ICAO HQ Montreal, 21 Sep 2011 Andr é Gauthier. Outline . Considerations in specifying CNS Capabilities on new aircraft

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CNS Capabilities of Single Aisle Commercial Aircraft andUltra-Long Range Business Jets in 2013-2018

Global Air Navigation Industry Symposium

ICAO HQ

Montreal, 21 Sep 2011

André Gauthier


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Outline

  • Considerations in specifying CNS Capabilities on new aircraft

  • Description of planned CNS capabilities

    • Data Communications

    • Navigation

    • Surveillance

  • Summary of planned capabilities vs. Aviation block upgrades


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Considerations in Specifying CNS Capabilities

  • CNS capabilities on new aircraft are specified based on:

    • Stated/anticipated customer needs/interests

    • Avionics supplier product roadmaps

    • Regulatory mandates

    • Availability of industry standards/installation approval guidance

    • ICAO standards

    • Product class/market

    • Entry-into-service (EIS) date for new type

    • Competition analysis/industry trends

  • When operational capability cannot be achieved for Entry-into-service, provisions are made to facilitate in-service updates (e.g. ADS-B IN)


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 0

COMMUNICATION (Operational capabilities)

  • CPDLC

    • via ACARS network (FANS 1/A)

    • via ATN (LINK 2000+/FANS 1/A+)

  • Air Traffic Services

    • Pre-departure clearance

    • Oceanic clearance

    • ATIS, TWIPs, etc.

  • Airline Operational Control

    • Automated reports

    • FMS flight plan updates

    • Text messages, etc.


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 0

NAVIGATION Operational Capability

  • RNAV 1/2/5/10

  • RNP 4/RNP 1

  • RNP APCH w/ RF legs and baro VNAV

  • RNP AR APCH

  • Required Time of Arrival (RTA)


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 0

NAVIGATION Operational Capability (cont’d)

  • LPV approaches down to DA of 200 ft

  • Continuous Descent Arrivals (idle descent)

  • Noise Abatement Departure Procedures


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 2?

NAVIGATION Advanced Vision

  • SVS: Synthetic Vision System (database driven) available today for situational awareness – no credits

    • Available on most recent business jets

  • LPV guidance augmented with SVS is expected to improve DA down to 100 ft

    • DO-315 (in work) and Operational rules yet to be published


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 1

NAVIGATION Advanced Vision

  • EFVS: Enhanced Flight Vision System (infra-red sensor driven) available today to a DA of 100 ft for instrument approach

    • Available today

    • Limited airline interest as they fly to airports with CAT 2 facilities

  • EFVS: will enable FMS approaches to touchdown with 1000 ft min RVR (CAT 3A conditions)

    • Ops rules to be published


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 0

SURVEILLANCE

  • ADS-B OUT per European (2015/2017) & US (2020) mandates (DO-260B)

  • ADS-B IN - no mandate yet

    • Standards and applications being developed (DO-317)

    • CDTI for situation awareness during flight provided initially

    • Architectural provisions made for future applications

CDTI Symbology


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CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 0

SURVEILLANCE (Cont’d)

  • ADS-C over ACARS network

  • Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) w/ Vertical Terrain Display

  • TCAS II v. 7.1


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2

3

1

CNS Capabilities for 2013-2018

Block 1

  • Surface management providing the following:

    • Visual information:

      • Airport charts with own ship icon (1)

      • Runway highlight on airport chart (2)

      • Surface taxi moving map with traffic overlay (3)

    • Five aural alert modes covering various conditions during takeoff and landing



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CNS Capabilities Available for Block 0

GNSS/SBAS

LPV

RNAV/RNP

RF legs

RTA

E-charts

Digital NOTAMS

ADS-B OUT/IN

CDTI

VNAV

CDO

(…)

ADS-C (FANS 1/A)

CPDLC (FANS 1/A)

CPDLC (ATN Datalink)


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CNS Capabilities Available for Block 1

Airport charts with own ship pos

Runway safety alerting


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Single Aisle • Advanced Flight DeckIntegrated Avionics Systems

CONCEPTUAL - SUBJECT TO CHANGE