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# Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry. By Danny Chen Andy Wang. 1993 B. (a) According to the equation, how many moles of S 2 O 3 2- are required for analyzing 1.00 mole of O 2 dissolved in water?

## Stoichiometry

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### Presentation Transcript

1. Stoichiometry By Danny Chen Andy Wang

2. 1993 B • (a) According to the equation, how many moles of S2O32- are required for analyzing 1.00 mole of O2 dissolved in water? • (b) A student found that a 50.0 milliliter sample of water required 4.86 milliters of 0.0112-molar Na2S2O3 to reach the equivalence point. Calculate the number of moles of O2 dissolved in this sample. • C. How would the results in (b) be affected if some I2 were lost before the S2O32- was added? Explain. • D. What volume of dry O2 measured at 25*C and 1.00 atmosphere of pressure would have to be dissolved in 1.00 liter of pure water in order to prepare a solution of the same concentration as that obtained in (b)? • E. Name an appropriate indicator for the reaction shown in equation III and describe the change you would observe at the end point of the titration I.2 Mn2+ + 4 OH- + O2(g) => 2MnO2(s) +2 H2O II. MnO2(s) + 2 I- +4 H+ => Mn2+ + I2(aq) + 2 H2O III. 2 S2O32- + I2(aq) => S4O62- + 2 I- The amount of oxygen, O2, dissolved in water can be determined by titration. First, MnSO4 and NaOH are added to a sample of water to convert all of the dissolved O2 to MnO2, as shown in equation I above. Then H2SO4 and KI are added and the reaction represented by equation II proceeds. Finally, the I2 that is formed is titrated with standard sodium thiosulfate, Na2S2O3, according to equation III.

3. 1993B - Answers • Answer: • (a) 1 mol O2 x 2 mol MnO2/1 Mol O2 x 1 mol I2/1 mol MnO2 • (b) 1 mol S2O32- = (0.00486 L)(0.0112 M) = 5.44x10-5mol S2O32- • (c) Less I2 means less thiosulfate ion required thus indicating a lower amount of dissolved oxygen. • (d)molarityof solution in (b) = 1.36x10-5mol O2 / 0.050 L = 2.72x10-4M • = 6.65x10-5L or 6.65 mL O2 • (e)starch indicator • color disappears or blue disappears I.2 Mn2+ + 4 OH- + O2(g) => 2MnO2(s) +2 H2O II. MnO2(s) + 2 I- +4 H+ => Mn2+ + I2(aq) + 2 H2O III. 2 S2O32- + I2(aq) => S4O62- + 2 I- The amount of oxygen, O2, dissolved in water can be determined by titration. First, MnSO4 and NaOH are added to a sample of water to convert all of the dissolved O2 to MnO2, as shown in equation I above. Then H2SO4 and KI are added and the reaction represented by equation II proceeds. Finally, the I2 that is formed is titrated with standard sodium thiosulfate, Na2S2O3, according to equation III.

4. 1995 B • A. When a 0.2800 gram sample of this limestone was decomposed by heating, 75.0 milliliters of CO2 at 750 mm Hg and 20*C were evolved. How many grams of CO2 were produced. • B. Write equations for the decomposition of both carbonates described above. • C. It was also determined that the initial sample contained 0.0448 gram of calcium. What percent of the limestone by mass was CaCO3? • D. How many grams of the magnesium-containing product were present in the sample in (a) after it had been heated? A Sample of dolomitic limestone containing only CaCO3 and MgCO3 was analyzed.

5. 1995B - Answers • A. 3.08x10-3mol x f(44.0 g CO2,1 mol) = 0.135 g CO2 • B. CaCO3 => CaO + CO2MgCO3 => MgO + CO2 • 0.0448 gCa x 1 mol Ca/40.08 g Ca x 1 mol CaCO/1 mol Ca • C. 0.112 g CaCO3/0.2800 g sample = 40.0% CaCO3 • 60.0% of 0.2800 g sample = 0.168 g of MgCO3 0.168g MgCO3 (1mol MgCO3 / 84.3g MgCO3) (1 mol MgO/1 mol MgCO3) (40.3g MgO/1 mol MgO) = 0.0803 g MgO

6. 2000 B • A. Calculate the mass percent of carbon in the hydrated form of the solid that has the forumla BeC2O4*3H2O. • B. When heated to 220*C, BeC2O4*3H2O(s) dehydrates completely as represented below.BeC2O4*3H2O(s) => BeC2O4(s) + 3 H2O(g) • C. A 0.345 g sample of anhydruous BeC2O4, which contains an inert impurity, was dissolved in sufficent water to produce 100. mL of solution. A 20.0 mL portion of the solution was titrated with KMnO4(aq). The balanced equation for the reaction that occurred is as follows.16 H+(aq) + 2 MnO4-(aq) + 5 C2O42-(aq) => 2 Mn2+(aq) + 10 CO2(g) + 8 H2O(l). Answer the Following questions about BEC2O4(s) and its hydrate.

7. 2000 B 24.022/151.03 x 100 = 15.9% b) i) 3.21g x 1mol hyd./151.03 g x 1mol anhyd./ 1 mol hyd. X 97.03 g anhyd./1 mol anhyd. = 2.06 g a) Total mass of carbon / molar mass X 100 = ii) Mol H2O = 3.21g – 2.06 g/18.0g mol = 0.06375 mol V= nRT/P = (0.0635 mol) (0.0821) (220 + 273K) = 2.67 L 735/760 atm c) (i) C2O42-(aq) 0.0150 mol MnO4- (ii) 17.80 mL x = 2.67 x10–4 mol MnO4- 1000 mL 5 mol C2O42- 2.67´10–4 mol MnO4- x = 6.68x10–4 mol C2O42- 2 mol MnO4- (iii) 100mL x 6.68x10-4 mol C2O42-/20 mL = 3.34x10-3 mol C2O4 (iv) 3.34x10–3 mol C2O42 x 1 mol BeC2O4/1 mol C2O42- x 97.03g/1mol = 0.324g BeC2O4(s)0.324g BeC2O4(s)/0.345 g sample x 100 = 93.9%

8. 2001 B • A. The amount of acetylsalicylic acid in a single aspirin tablet is 325 mg, yet the tablet has a mass of 2.00 g. Calculate the mass percent of acetylsalicylic acid in the tablet. • B. The elements contained in acetylsalicylic acid are hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. The combustion of 3.000 g of the pure compound yields 1.200 g of water and 3.72 L of dry carbon dioxide, measured at 750 mm Hg and 25*C. Calculate the mass, in g, of each element in the 3.000 g sample. • C. A student sissolved 1.625 g of pure acetylsalicylic acid in distilled water and titrated the resulting solution to the equivalaence point using 88.43 mL of 0.102 M NaOH(aq). Assuming that acetylsalicylic acid has only one ionizable hydrogen, calculate the molar mass of the acid. • D. A 2.00 x 10-3 mole sample of pure acetylsalicylic acid was dissolved in 15.00 mL of water and then titrated with 0.100 M NaOH(aq). The equivalence pointwas reached after 20.00 mL of the NaOH solution had been added. Using the data from the titration, shown in the table below, determine(i) the value of the acid dissociation constant, Ka, for acetylsalicyclic acid(ii) the pH of the solution after a total volume of 25.00 mL of the NaOH solution had been added (assume that volumes are additive). Answer the following questions about acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin.

9. 2001B Answers • A. 0.325 g/2.00g x 100% = 16.3% • B. 1.200 g H2O x (1.0079)(2) + 16 g H2O = 0.134 g Hn= p*V/R*T = 750/760atm (3.72L)/(0.0821L*atm*mol-1*K-1)(298K)= 0.150 mol CO2 • 0.150 mol CO2 X 12.0 g C/1mol CO2 = 1.801 g C3.000 g ASA – (1.801 g C + 0.134 g H) = 1.065 g O • C. 0.08843 L x 0.102 mol/1L = 0.00902 mol base1 mol base = 1 mol acid1.625 g ASA/0.00902 mol = 180 g/mol • D. (i) Hasa <-> Asa- + H+2.00 x 10-3 moll/0.015L = 0.133M • pH = -log[H+]; 2.22 = -log[H+][H+] = M = [Asa-][Hasa] = 0.133 M – 6.03 x 10-3 M = 0.127 MK = [H+][Asa-]/[Hasa] = (6.03x10-3)2/0.127 = 2.85x 10-4 • OR when the solution is half-neutralized, pH = pKa at 10.00 mL, pH = 3.44; K = 10–pH = 10–3.44 = 3.6310-4 (ii) 0.025 L  0.100 mol/L = 2.50  10-3 mol OH- 2.50  10-3 mol OH- - 2.00  10-3 mol neutralized = 5.0  10-4 mol OH- remaining in (25 + 15 mL) of solution; [OH-] = 5.010-4 mol/0.040 L = 0.0125 M pH = 14 – pOH = 14 + log[OH-] = 14 – 1.9 = 12.1 Answer the following questions about acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin.

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