Key Process #3 Agriculture in Developing Regions. Agriculture in Developing Regions. Most people in LCD farm to produce food for their own consumption Subsistence- Farming for your own family. Shifting Cultivation.
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Double cropping is used in warm winter areas of S. China and Taiwan
The Fields of Bali
Thai Rice Farmers
The breeding and herding of domesticated animals for subsistence.
Most nomads are being pressured into sedentary life as land is used for agriculture or mining.
Somali Nomad and Tent
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farming
Where: Ohio to Dakotas, center in Iowa; much of Europe from France to Russia
2. Most important type of commercial ag practiced on farms near the northeast U.S., southeast Canada, and northwest Europe.
Milk production reflects wealth, culture, and environment. It is usually high in MDCs, especially production per capita, and varies considerably in LDCs.
Milk production has grown more rapidly in LDCs than in MDCs since the 1960s.
The U.S. accounts for about 40% of world corn (maize) production. China is the 2nd
largest producer. Much of the corn in both countries is used for animal feed.
China is the world’s leading wheat producer, but the U.S. is the largest producer of wheat for sale and the largest exporter.
4. Exists mainly in the lands that border the Mediterranean Sea in S. Europe, N. Africa, and W. Asia. It has spread to parts of California, Chile, South Africa, and Australia as well.
5. Main farming found in the U.S. southeast.
6. Commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area.
1) overgrazing has damaged much of the world’s arid grasslands (< 1% of U.S. remain!)
2) destruction of the rainforest is motivated by Brazilian desires for fashionable cattle ranches
Cattle, sheep and goats are the main meat animals raised on ranches.
A large proportion of workers in most LDCs are in agriculture, while only a small percentage of workers in MDCs are engaged in agriculture.