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BREAKOUT SESSION 2 Smart Grid 2-B: Grid Integration – Essential Step for Optimization of Resources
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  1. BREAKOUT SESSION 2Smart Grid 2-B: Grid Integration – Essential Step for Optimization of Resources Integrating Intermittent Wind Generation into an Island Diesel Grid using the Demand Dispatch of Thermal Energy Storage Ron Kurtz Director for Sustainable and Renewable Energy Markets Dimplex North America rkurtz@dimplex.com

  2. The Problem – End of Life Diesel Generation

  3. Integration of Intermittent Renewable Generation is Limited All-Ireland – November 2011 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 MW Non-Wind Generation Wind Generation 100% 50% Limit On grid Generation Load Factor 75% 50% Non-Wind % 25% Wind % 0 Time 24% wind in November Source: Eirgrid

  4. Energy Storage Capabilities Typical Energy Used per Day

  5. Anatomy of a Storage Heater • Decouples the Energy Equation: • Energy In – Accepts electrical energy when it’s less expensive, in-excess or required for grid balancing. • Energy Out - User receives heat energy based on their comfort needs. Can store up to 50 kWh of thermal energy Thermostatically controlled fan to distribute heat

  6. UK Demand Off-Set by Storage Heating GW December 7th 2010 - Actual 70 60 00.00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 50 6,500,000 Storage Heaters charging with a connected off-peak load of 16.5 GW. 30 Storage Demand (GW) 40 20 Direct Electric Heating Demand (GW) 10 Non Electric Heating (GW) 0 Daytime Hours

  7. UK Nuclear Off-Set by Storage Heating Six (6) nuclear reactors would be needed to meet demand if storage heating was switched to direct electric heating demand 70 7GW additional load 60 00.00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 50 40 GW 30 20 Direct Electric Heating Demand (GW) 10 Non Electric Heating (GW) 0 Daytime Hours

  8. Integrating Renewable Generation

  9. Dispatchable Thermal Energy Storage Load Aggregator ZigBee via Utility Meter Cellular Network or Radio IP over Home Router Hub 915 MHz RF Home Area Network

  10. The Solution • The Northern Isles New Energy Solutions (NINES) Approach: • Build the Viking wind farm. • Install the Quantum Smart Energy Thermal Storage solution in 1,000 homes with a connected load of 8 MW and 50 MWh of storage capacity. • Install Europe’s largest battery (1 MW). • Reduce the size of the replacement diesel plant by 30%.

  11. A WIN - WIN Solution Enables more Renewables onto the Electric Grid reducing CO₂ Emissions Provides Valuable Ancillary / Regulation services to the Grid Operator Highly Reliable, Low-Cost Thermal Energy Storage for Demand Response Offers Real Choice in Off-Gas Grid Areas and High-Rise Apartments Ron Kurtz, Director, Sustainable and Renewable Energy Markets rkurtz@dimplex.com - (519) 650-3630 x523