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Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21 st , 2008. The Fundamentals of the OH&S Act and Managing Occupational Health and Safety Vic Pakalnis, P.Eng., M.Eng., MBA Director – Special Projects Ontario Ministry of Labour vic.pakalnis@ontario.ca.

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canadian chemical engineering conference 2008 october 21 st 2008

Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008October 21st, 2008

The Fundamentals of the OH&S Act and Managing

Occupational Health and Safety

Vic Pakalnis, P.Eng., M.Eng., MBA

Director – Special Projects

Ontario Ministry of Labour

vic.pakalnis@ontario.ca

managing occupational health safety
Managing Occupational Health & Safety
  • Introductions
  • Expectations
  • Health and Safety in Canada

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

top 10 reasons why you need to know how to manage occupational health and safety
Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage Occupational Health And Safety

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

top 10 reasons why you need to know how to manage occupational health and safety1
Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage Occupational Health And Safety
  • Because it’s the law!
  • What you don’t know can hurt you and it can kill you!
  • Because it makes good business sense
  • Because you want to know your rights and responsibilities
  • Because it’s part of your job and you want to keep it
  • To avoid lawsuits
  • Because it’s connected to everything human resources – recruitment/retention/internal responsibility/productivity/employee engagement
  • To protect your company’s reputation
  • To avoid industrial relations disputes/grievances
  • Moral obligations

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

occupational health safety in canada overview
Federal

Inter-provincial trucking

Railways

Airports and airlines

Banks

Radio and television

Telecommunications

Federal public service

(10% of all workplaces)

Provincial/Territorial

Construction

Industrial

Mining

All sectors not in federal

(90% of all workplaces)

Occupational Health & Safety in Canada Overview

14 jurisdictions - 10 provinces

- 3 territories

- 1 federal

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

slide6

National

Perception

  • Canada
  • 1100 work-related fatalities
  • 1million workplace injuries
  • $6.7 billion in direct costs
  • $40 billion estimated total costs
  • (direct & indirect)
  • Ontario
  • 230 work-related fatalities
  • 355,000 workplace injuries
  • $2.9 billion in direct costs
  • $17 billion estimated total costs
  • (direct & indirect)

Source: 2007 Human Resources and Social Development Canada report

(Historical Summary of Occupational Accidents & Their Costs in Canada 1996-2005)

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

environmental scan
Environmental Scan
  • VOLATILE LABOUR SCENE
  • HIGH MEDIA ATTENTION
  • HEALTH & SAFETY USED AS BARGAINING TOOL IN INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS DISPUTES
  • STRONG LABOUR UNIONS: CAW, USWA, OPSEU, CUPE
  • MANY SMALL, UNSOPHISTICATED EMPLOYERS (70% UNORGANIZED)
  • INADEQUATE TRAINING IN MANY INDUSTRIES
  • ACCIDENT RATES DECREASING
  • FATALITY RATES DECREASING
  • DISABLING INJURIES
      • 96% ARE SAFETY RELATED
      • 4% ARE HEALTH RELATED
  • HEALTH ISSUES - HIGH PROFILE, LONG TERM, MORE DIFFICULT TO RESOLVE
  • EFFECT OF FREE TRADE AND ECONOMIC REALIGNMENT

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

slide8

Sector Issues

Forestry _______________

Health Care _______________

Aerospace _______________

Police/Fire/Security _______________

Steel _______________

Public Institutions _______________

Automotive _______________

Education _______________

Utilities _______________

Service/Retail _______________

Manufacturing _______________

Petro-chemical _______________

Construction _______________

Mining _______________

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

ontario lost time injuries by sector 2005
Ontario Lost Time Injuries By Sector 2005*

* Source: Worker Safety & Insurance Board as of October 31, 2006

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

fatalities per 100 000 workers per year employment 1976 to 2005
Fatalities per 100,000 workers per year & Employment – 1976 to 2005

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

ontario lost time injuries
ONTARIO LOST TIME INJURIES

Results:

14,649 fewer LTI over the past two years than there otherwise would have been.Ontario businesses avoiding over $960 million in costs associated with workplace injuries

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

internal responsibility system
Internal Responsibility System

THE INTERNAL RESPONSIBILITY SYSTEM OUTLINED IN THE OHS ACT ESTABLISHES CLEAR ROLES AND ACCOUNTABILITY FOR WORKPLACE PARTIES WITH DIRECT AND CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY.

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

slide13

Internal Responsibility System (cont’d)

CONTRIBUTORY

RESPONSIBILITY

INTERNAL

CONTRIBUTORY

RESPONSIBILITY

EXTERNAL

DIRECT

RESPONSIBILITY

JOINT HEALTH &

SAFETY COMMITTEES

PRESIDENT

UNIONS

SAFETY

DEPARTMENTS

SAFETY

ASSOCIATIONS

MANAGER

ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENTS

SUPERVISOR

SUPPLIERS

PURCHASING

DEPARTMENTS

WORKER

WSIB

Ministry of Labour

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

slide14

The Partners…

Farm Safety Association

Municipal Health and Safety Assoc.

Ontario Service Safety Alliance

Industrial Accident Prevention Association

Ministry of Labour

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board

Institute for Work & Health

Transportation Safety Association of Ontario

Workers Health & Safety Centre

Education Safety Association of Ontario

Construction safety Association of Ontario

Electrical & Utilities Safety Association

Health Care Health & Safety Association

Mines and Aggregates Safety & Health Assoc.

Ontario Forestry Safe Workplace Association

Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers

Pulp and Paper Health & Safety Association

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

resources on line

Resources On-line

www.safetymanagementeducation.com

- Minerva Canada’s website – case studies /contacts

www.preventiondynamics.ca

– links to prevention network

www. prevent-it.ca

– short clips of fatalities

Notes and links for courses in Occupational Health and Safety in mining practice / MIR course in OHS http://www.queensu.ca/sps/people/faculty/pakalnisv/index.php

slide16
Rhetoric and the art of persuasion – what once was but has been forgotten !(according to Isocrates and JC Spender)
  • Logos –what’s logical –what’s the business case
  • Ethos – what’s the right decision for the longer term in the broader context
  • Pathos – what’s the compassionate decision – the people dimension – empathy

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

business results through health and safety

Business Results Through Health and Safety

MIR- 811

Adapted from WSIB/CMA :

Business Results Through Health and Safety

slide18

Health and Safety Costsin Ontario cost of LTI in 1999 was $11,711 In 2007 direct costs for an LTI were $21,300In 2007, there were 300,000 persons injured , 100 died

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

business results through health safety
Business Results Through Health & Safety
  • If profit margin is 10%, requires $590,000 in sales to produce $59,000 of profit.
  • Lower costs
  • Improved employee relations & employee trust
  • Improved reliability & productivity
  • Improved protection from business interruption
  • Increased public image
  • Increased organizational capability

*see CME CD – Business Results Through Health and Safety

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

sampling oh s convictions in 2000
Sampling - OH&S Convictions in 2000

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

healthy workplaces
Healthy Workplaces

Psychological

Work

Environment

Physical

Work

Environment

Healthy

Habits

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

slide22

WHO?

WHERE?

???

WHAT?

WHEN?

???

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007