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SPORTS OFFICIATING 101 PowerPoint Presentation
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SPORTS OFFICIATING 101

SPORTS OFFICIATING 101

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SPORTS OFFICIATING 101

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  1. A Basic Course of Officiating Information SPORTS OFFICIATING 101

  2. LESSON1 Roles Responsibility Ethics

  3. Why Sports Officiating? • Prolong Athletic Involvement • Personal Reasons • Provide an Enjoyable Physical Activity • Extra Money – Part-time Career

  4. Responsibilities • Insuring Player Safety • Inspecting Facilities • Regulating Game Conduct • Response to an Injury • Response to Crowd Situations • Encourage Fair Play • Promote Good Sportsmanship

  5. Ethics • Master Rules and Mechanics • Work with Others in Constructive and Cooperative Manner • Uphold Honor and Dignity of Profession • Prepare Mentally and Physically • Fulfill Contractual Obligations • Conduct Influences Respect of Others

  6. Lesson 1- Activity List the primary reasons why you want to become an official. 1. 2. 3. 4.

  7. LESSON 2GOAL SETTING

  8. Problems with Setting Goals • Not Measurable • In Conflict with Other Goals • No Ownership • Setting Too Many • Fear of Trying Something New/Failure • Setting Goals to Please Someone Else • Unrealistic Expectations

  9. Successful Goal Setting • Establish Goals –Short and Long Term • Make Goals Specific • State in Positive Terms • Make Goals Obtainable • Make Goals Measurable • Have a Feedback Mechanism in Place

  10. Successful Goal Setting • Know What is Necessary to Achieve Your Goal • Be Flexible – Change Goal if Necessary • Enjoy Meeting your Goals • Sweet Taste of Success – Hard Work, Pain and Disappointment are Part of the Process

  11. Lesson 2 – Activity List Some Possible Goals for Yourself

  12. LESSON 3OFFICIATING STYLES

  13. Law and Order Approach • Know Rule Book Inside and Out • Not Much Room for Common Sense

  14. “Less Involved the Better” • Let Players Play • Problems Occur When Game Heats Up or Critical Judgment Necessary • Some Officials Don’t Get Involved Because They Just Don’t Want to Be Bothered

  15. Common Sense Officiating • Know the Meaning of Preventive Officiating • Know the Meaning of the Spirit and Intent of the Rules • Know What to Call and When to Call It • Know When the Best Call is a “No-Call”

  16. Context of Contest Often Determines What Style Works Best • Big Rivalry? • Bad Blood? • Skill Level of Players?

  17. What It Takes to Become a Good Official • Knowledge of Rules • Know the Vocabulary • Knowledge of Mechanics • Making Calls with Confidence • Being Able to Focus On The Game • Remain Invisible – Don’t Draw Attention • Keep in Control – Stay Poised • Stay in Shape and Hustle

  18. What It Takes to Become a Good Official • Be a Good Partner • Have Passion • Be Consistent • Develop a Rapport with Participants • Be Decisive • Maintain Integrity • Use Good Judgment • Enjoy What You Are Doing

  19. Lesson 3 - Activity • What 3 Characteristics of a Good Official are My Strengths? • What 3 Characteristics do I Need to Work On? • What Can I Do to Improve These Characteristics?

  20. LESSON 4COMMUNICATION SKILLS

  21. Effective Communication Two Important Steps • Send the Right Message • Be a Good Listener

  22. Body Language • Physical Appearance • Posture • Gestures • Facial Expressions • Personal Space • Tone, Pitch and Inflection

  23. Crew/Partner Communication • Must Function Effectively as a Unit • Make an Effort to Get Along with Others • Take Responsibility for your Own Actions • Don’t Blame Others for Your Mistakes • Encourage Each Other – Be Honest • Share Strengths and Experiences • Ask for Help or Advice – Give When Asked

  24. Keys to Effectiveness • Have a Good Pre-Game Conference • Have a Good Post-Game Conference • Ask for Feedback from Partner(s), Game Observers, Evaluators • Examine Your Own Performance

  25. Other Issues • A Partner of Another Gender • A Veteran Official with a Less Experienced Official

  26. Lesson 4 - Activity Think of a Recent Game You’ve Officiated • Complete Part 1 and Part 2 of the Self-Evaluation Checklist. Is There Something You Can Improve?

  27. LESSON 5BUILDING CONFIDENCE

  28. What is Confidence? …The belief that you can successfully do what you want to do.

  29. Building Confidence • Practice Your Skills and Techniques • Work Lower Level Games • Attend Camps and Clinics • Get As Much Experience as You Can

  30. LESSON 6DEVELOPING CONCENTRATION

  31. Improving Concentration You Must Be Able To: • Cope with Pressure and Anxiety • Focus on Action that is Relevant and Tune Out External Factors • Refocus when Distracted

  32. Factors That Can Break an Official’s Concentration • Unable to Forget Past Calls – Especially the Bad Calls • Worrying About Future Plays • Thinking About Too Many Things

  33. LESSON 7ANXIETY AND RELAXATION

  34. “You Can Bring Your Whistle and You Can Bring Your Flag, but if You Don’t Bring Your Guts You Might as well Stay Home.”

  35. Sources of Stress/Anxiety • Fear of Failure • Fear of Inadequacy • Perceived Loss of Control

  36. Negative Affects of Anxiety • Physical – Heart Rate, Breathing, Tightness, Fatigue • Psychological – Reduced Concentration, Impaired Decision Making

  37. Strategies to Manage Stress • Deep Breathing • Positive Self-Talk • Smile • Good Preparation – Self Confidence • Stay Focused on Action at Hand • Slow Down….then Slow Down Some More

  38. LESSON 8DEVELOPING DECISION-MAKING SKILLS

  39. “Manage the game with the lightest touch necessary to provide equitable competition.”

  40. Essential Elements of Good Decisions • Know the Rules • Terms and Definitions • Player’s Rights and Restrictions • Violations and Penalties • Peripheral Regulations

  41. 9 Ways to Study the Rule Book • Speed-Read the Entire Book • Categorize the Rules • Break Down Each Chapter • Have Several Copies of the Rule Book • Read in Short Increments of Time • Review Each Day • Study Just Before Falling Asleep

  42. 9 Ways to Study the Rule Book 8. Check Related Case Book Plays 9. Talk with Rules Experts Remember……”Just When I Thought I Knew it All….” There is Always More to Learn

  43. Know Your Sport’s Language • Formal – Rule Book/Case Book • Informal – “Street Language”

  44. Master the Mechanics of Communicating Decisions • Good Signals • Good Use of Voice and Mannerisms

  45. Adapt to the Nature of the Game • Know the Dynamics of Game • Rivalry • “Revenge” Game • Lower Level Game • Blowout Game

  46. Be in Proper Position • If You Are in the Proper Position to Make a Call, the Less Likely Your Judgment Will be Questioned. • Read and Anticipate What the Teams are Trying to Do

  47. Focus • Don’t Let Down in Dead Spots. Stay Focused During Periods of Inactivity like Time-Outs, Between Periods, Between Plays • Use the Down Time to Regroup and Refocus if Necessary

  48. Be Calm • Slow Down • Process What You Have Observed Before Making Your Call • Use Positive Self Talk

  49. Work with Fellow Officials • Learn When to Get and Give Help • Get Together and Conference if Necessary

  50. LESSON 9MANAGING CONFLICT