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English Language Learners: How Do They Acquire Literacy Skills?. Andrea Honigsfeld, Ed.D. email@example.com Molloy College. Agenda. I. Pressing Issues II. SLA III. Research on Literacy and ELLs IV. Reading & Writing Strategies. There’s a nightmare in my literacy closet….
Andrea Honigsfeld, Ed.D.
I. Pressing Issues
III. Research on Literacy and ELLs
IV. Reading & Writing Strategies
Skilled Reading- fluent coordination of word reading and comprehension processes
fluent execution and
coordination of word
recognition and text
DECODING (and SPELLING)
The Many Strands that are Woven into Skilled Reading
Source: Neuman, Susan B. and Dickinson, David K., “Handbook of Early Literacy Research”
Reading is a multifaceted skill, gradually acquired over years of instruction and practice.
Children from diverse backgrounds
Children from low-income backgrounds
Betty Bao Lord
Takes 5-7 years
Complex sentence structure
Higher level thinking skills
School languageCummins’ Theories of Second Language AcquisitionBICS vs CALP
Adapted from Using the SIOP Model (2002). Center for Applied Linguistics.
What Does Research Tell Us About Teaching Reading to English Language Learners?
By Suzanne Irujo (2007)
1. ELLs cannot develop phonological awareness in English until they are familiar with the sounds of English.
2. Once explicit instruction has begun, modifications must be made to allow for more practice with sounds that can potentially cause confusion.
1. Failure to understand even a few words of a text can have negative effects on comprehension.
2. ELLs need more vocabulary instruction than their native-speaking peers.
3. ELLs need instruction in different vocabulary words than their native-speaking peers.
4. ELLs need different vocabulary teaching techniques and strategies than their native-speaking peers.
What ELLs need:
I= Illustrate: What does ____ look like? What image(s) come to mind?
S= State in one simple sentence what ____ is. Use your own words.
E= Elaborate on what you have just stated.
E= Examples. Add examples.
___________ cars are _____ __ ___ top __ ___ first ____ __ _ _____. ____ ______ _____ ___ car ___ ___ ____ __ ___ ____. ___ ______ down ___ first ____ ______ __ ______ _____ ___ ___ cars __ ___ __ ___ ____ ____ ___ __ __ _____ ___ end ___ ___ ____.
Roller-coaster cars ___ ______ __ ___ top of the first hill ___ _ _____. Then _______ moves the car for therest of the ____. The _____ down the first hill ______ __ enough speedfor the cars __ ___ __ the next hill ___ ___ __ _____ the end of the ____.
Roller-coaster cars ___ pulled ___ the top of the first hill ___ a chain. Then gravity moves the car for the rest of the ride. The _____ down the first hill _____ __ enough speed ___ the cars to ___ __ the next hill and __ __ until the end of the ride.
Yellow Brick Road:From Grappling to Grasping to Comprehending
Then take the yellow brick road so they can feel at home
Give them courage
Build their language