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Kongwa / Kiteto. Ganga Rao , NVRP, Kimaro , A,, Makumbi ., D, Mponda , O., Msangi , R., Rubanza , C.D. Seetha , A., Swai , E. and Okori, P. Project Research Hypothesis.

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Kongwa kiteto


Ganga Rao, NVRP, Kimaro, A,, Makumbi., D, Mponda, O., Msangi, R., Rubanza, C.D. Seetha, A., Swai, E. and Okori, P

Project research hypothesis
Project Research Hypothesis

  • Introduction of early and intermediate maturing drought tolerant varieties of cereals and grain legumes in semi-arid areas of Tanzania will improve productivity and ultimately enhance household food security, nutrition and incomes.

  • Adoption of integrated soil fertility management technologies will improve and sustain crop and livestock productivity.

  • Adoption of soil and moisture conservation technologies in drought prone areas of Tanzania will reduce crop failure and improve overall productivity of farmlands.

  • Integrated approaches to sustainable intensification provide better options to strengthen livelihoods strategies of farmers in semi-arid areas of Tanzania than the currently used non- cohesive farming practices.

Africa rising hypothesis
Africa RISING Hypothesis

  • Integration hypothesis:Innovations with components that mutually reinforce whole farm performance/productivity produce greater and more sustained benefits than the joint adoption of equally effective single purpose technologies and practices.

  • Innovation sequencing and sustainable intensification pathways hypothesis: The adoption of innovations that lead to SI is affected by the sequence in which the component technologies, practices and knowledge are integrated and applied.

  • Scalability hypothesis: A research approach based on targeting and evaluating SI-related innovations, in context, increases the relevance of findings from action research sites and enhances their scalability to similar strata elsewhere (i.e. to similar development domains and households typologies in other locations).

Kongwa kiteto


  • Livelihood (farm)

  • Production, nutrition (4.3+), income, gender

  • Nutrient flows, labor, income

  • Crops (1, 4, 5)

  • Food, cash, fodder, grazing

  • Seed, yield, nutrients, product composition, pests & diseases, tillage, post-harvest, water, costs, prices, labor

  • Landscape (2, 3)

  • Biophysical, ownership, erosion, water, grazing

  • Animals (5)

  • Livestock, poultry

  • Productivity, feeding, product composition, pests & diseases, fertility, processing, manure, costs, prices, labor

  • Socio-institutional

  • Adoption, capacities, gender

  • Community, networks, power

  • Markets, policies


1. Technologies:

  • At least new two adapted varieties of cereals and legumes identified and validated for up-scaling purposes

  • Crop/SFM – application rates, crop combinations, local/ compatible fodder and fertilizer trees ID.

  • Technologies for improved soil water harvesting (Insitu).

  • Context specfic livestock, poultry feeds (small ruminants, chicken etc).


2. Processes:

  • Insights into innovation adoption decisions- socio economic- both cost and livelihood approach

  • Test effectiveness of extension/ knowledge transfer approaches.

  • Capacities of communities improved for QDS production of legumes


3. R&D Inputs/ Capacity:

  • Prevalence of mycotoxin challenge: Pathodiversity, exposure-Biomarker.

  • Capacities of communities to produce QDS

  • ARI’s and DC’s (assorted research capacity

  • Infrastructure development: ELISA- capability

  • Grazing systems characterized