Productivity. Standard of living Definition of productivity. Standard of living. The extent to which a person is able to provide the things that are necessary for sustaining and enjoying life . Standard of living of a representative family differs greatly in different parts of the world.
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Standard of living
Definition of productivity
- Increase the employment and investment in creating jobs. So that more people are producing goods required for the society.
- Increase productivity. Same amount of labor produces more goods.
At the design stage:
At the operation stage:
Work content added due to the product
Work content added due to process
Ineffective time due to management
Ineffective time within the control of worker
Stricter standards lead to increased manufacturing time, lenient standards lead to greater variability.
Movements of material over long distances
Operations involving repetitive work
Relatively straight forward
Based on the technical knowledge of the process
Most difficult to foretell – because of mental and emotional nature.
Select an unpopular job for method study.
- Outline process chart
- Flow process chart – Man, Material and Equipment type
- Two-handed process chart
Charts using a time scale
- Multiple activity chart
- Simo chart
- PMTS chartMethod study charts and diagrams
Man-type – Records what the worker does
Material-type – Records what happens to materials.
Equipment-type – Records how the equipment is used.
……………………….…………the activities are undertaken.
With a view to ELIMINATING, COMBINING, REARRANGING, or SIMPLIFYING those activities.
There are many activities in which workers move at irregular intervals between a number of points in the working area, with or without material. This happens when,
A scale plan or model on which a thread is used to trace and measure the path of workers, material or equipment during a specified sequence of events.