Drug Recognition Experts Bangor Police Department. Bath Salts in the Bangor Area. Bath Salts. What are they? What effects do they have on people? What are they called on the street? Where does it come from? How do they take it? How long will the intoxication last?
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Bangor Police Department
Bath Salts in the Bangor Area
What are they?
What effects do they have on people?
What are they called on the street?
Where does it come from?
How do they take it?
How long will the intoxication last?
What are we seeing on the streets of Bangor?
Items marketed as “bath salts” “research chemicals” or “plant food” are actually Synthetic Cathinones
They have no value as marketed
These synthetic cathinones that have hit the streets suddenly
The popularity of these products has surpassed that of many typical “street” stimulants
Bangor seems to have more than it’s share of these substances
MDPV aka 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone
Mephedrone aka 4-methylmethcathinone, 4-MMC
Methylone aka 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone, MDMC
Naphyrone aka napthylpyrovalerone, NGR-1
4-Fluoromethcathinone aka 4-FMC, flepherdone
Methedrone aka 4-methoxymethcathinone, bk-PMMA, PMMC
Butylone aka bk-MBDB, beto-keto-N-Methylbenzodioxolylpropylamin
Khat is typically chewed like tobacco. The fresh leaves, twigs, and shoots of the Khat shrub are chewed, and then retained in the cheek and chewed intermittently to release the active drug.
Dried plant material can be made into tea or a chewable paste.
Khat can also be smoked and even sprinkled on food.
Very similar signs and symptoms as CNS stimulants such as cocaine, MDMA and amphetamines.
Many stimulant users prefer these substances because they are cheaper and the effects last much longer.
These substances are NOT currently illegal
Purchased in the head shops and, in some areas, gas/convenience stores
The internet is currently a big source
Mephedrone (4-MMC) 100g $430 500g $1400 1000g $2400 Methylone (bk-MDMA)50g $340 100g $590 500g $1600 1000g $3130 MDAI 100g $800 500g $2500
Bulytone (bk-MBDB)50g $430 100g $800 500g $2325 1000g $3985 MDPV 25g $355 50g $640 100g $1270 500g $4535
JWH-25010g $350 25g $800JWH-018 25g $350 50g $625 100g $1100 500g $2870 TFMPP 100g $250 500g $750 1000g $1200
The American Association of Poison Control reported poison centers took 302 calls in 2010 about synthetic cathinones.
As of May 12, 2011 the US poison control centers had received 2,237 calls.
Northern NE Poison Center
Snorting (most common)
Smoking – with a crack pipe
Smoking – soaked cigarette
Smoking – Off foil
Increased heart rate
Diminished requirement for sleep
Lack of appetite
Increased alertness and awareness
Fits and delusions
The following are examples of some of the encounters the Bangor Police have had with subjects under the influence of synthetic cathinones.
35 years of age
LE assists EMS with a complaint of a “heart attack”
He showed severe anxiety
He said he took “Cloud 9” about 4 hours prior
Self described as extreme paranoia, heart racing with pain and burning all over his body
The officer noted Eugene “folded over” at times and could not be still
Subject was transported to EMMC . He stayed for three days
Superman baggie costs $30.00
The day he went to EMMC he took 12 bags
He said most people snort it
He said it was like cocaine but without the withdrawals
31 year old female
Traffic stop with a complete DRE evaluation and noted psychophysical condition.
Urinalysis later confirmed
Buprenorphine (a narcotic analgesic) &
Unable to check because she could not watch the stimulus or focus on the finger. She kept looking away
Walk & Turn
Balance during instructions
Stepped off the line
Used arms for balance
One Leg Stand
Used arms for balance and counted 21,22,21.
Suspect made comments about using bath salts.
When asked about drug use she denied it but later admitted to smoking marijuana
Marijuana pipe seized
Aluminum foil pieces – several rolled up
Several foils burned with a hole through them
“Thirsty” & complained of dehydration
BAC = 0.00% - no alcohol in her system
Denied taking meds/drugs but had a Vicodin two days prior
Constant exaggerated movement
Talkative – vulgar language
Ptosis (droopy eyelids)
Unable to determine pulse
Pupil size 3.5-3.5 mm
No HGN or VGN
2.5 – 5.0mm
5.0 – 8.5mm
2.0 – 4.5mm
Emotional swings - crying then laughing
Major muscles were contracting with head/neck contortions
She was unable to sit still for more than 5 seconds at a time
Complained of being hot and overheating
3 calls to MSP 911 center
3 calls to MSP 911 center
2. Screaming about people trying to get into her apartment
3 calls to MSP 911 center
3. Open line but dispatch hears “Please don’t hurt me”
…Upon arrival we found no one around. Amy was very paranoid and agitated, pacing, looking out the window, very jumpy and irrational. Thinking people want to kill her….
…Amy’s boyfriend states that she ingested bath salts earlier
…Amy was very sweaty, wet clammy skin, sweat dripping off her face. Checked her pulse and noted an extremely rapid heart rate. Complained of being very thirsty
…Taken to EMMC for eval of psych issue or rule out overdose
Voluntarily in the station because he wanted to work for MDEA against a residence.
He displayed typical signs of cathinone user
I interviewed for training purpose only
He was addicted to methamphetamines then cocaine but his drug of choice is opiates.
He has track marks on both arms and admits to being a “junky”.
There are current 3 types of bath salts in the Bangor area. He described one as white, one as brown and the third he could only tell me was short lived. He said the cutting agents determined the color of the final product.
He injects his drugs but most will smoke it with a crack pipe. It leaves a crusty residue in the pipe.
He said some called it something like “Skatle”
The quality of the product determines the quality of the high – just like cocaine
He said the bath salts give him energy but do not make him paranoid
He believes he can and currently was functioning fine while using the bath salts. – WRONG!!
Right now there is a lot of cocaine available on the street because the salts are the preferred stimulant.
Neighbors called for yelling and breaking glass
Officers find Jerimy at ground floor bathroom window, paranoid and yelling.
Jerimy had broken the toilet and sink and smashed the window “to get help”
Mild cuts – taken to EMMC for evaluation
Paranoid hallucinations – of MDEA listening
Confused rambling – convinced his earlier hallucinations about people trying to kill him were real and that we are confused
Restless and agitated
Mood swings morose to agitated
Pulse rate 111-126 BPM by heart monitor
Pupils 4.5 – 5.0 mm in room light
Complained of pain with Novocain injections
Thirsty with dry mouth
Admitted to taking bath salts “last night”.
Currently the State of Maine is not planning to make the synthetic cathinones illegal. They are relying on the federal government to so.
The federal government is investigating and collecting data but has not passed a law or an emergency measure.
Synthetic cathinones will remain available
“A person acting strange”
Neighbor hears yelling from an apartment
911 hang ups
Bring back up - Officer safety
To the drug user the hallucinations ARE REAL!!!
Their paranoia can be directed at you, intentionally or mistakenly
Their agitation will build if you contradict them
These are NOT automatic blue papers
These people are paranoid and may be hallucinating, often about people trying to harm them
They may exhibit classic “fight or flight” posturing. Stay alert
They will converse and understand and reason with you – have patience.
Talk in a calm voice & identify yourself
Avoid arguing/debating about the delusions
If they are sure of something – agree
Minimize the stress - If they are paranoid, looking out the window then move them to another room where they feel safe
Your actions my increase stresses.
Offer to get them to a “safe” place
If the hospital sounds like a safe place to them then bring them
If you have actual, specific PC for a blue paper – consider that option. He/she may not agree.
Find a responsible babysitter if possible
If they are committing a crime – consider arrest
Emotions may cycle. If they’re agitated then wait a few seconds and ask a different line of questions.