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Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Disease. Plaque formation leading to high blood pressure and heart attacks. TOTAL CHOLESTEROL. HDL. LDL ( if you are 20 years or older and have no heart disease ). Smoking. Increases blood clotting Increases vascular constriction

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Presentation Transcript
smoking
Smoking
  • Increases blood clotting
  • Increases vascular constriction
  • Increases build up of plaque
obesity
Obesity
  • Increased work for the heart
  • Blood must be pumped to adipose tissue
  • Increased resistance to blood flow
diabetes
Diabetes
  • Increase blood glucose
  • Increase rigid blood vessels
  • Decrease circulation to tissues
varicose vein disorders
Varicose Vein Disorders

Spider Veins

Dr. Berman

warning signs
Warning Signs

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

slide13
Pressure or pain in center of your chest
  • Persists several minutes
  • Pain spreading to your shoulder, neck or arms
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
stroke
Stroke

Ischemic Stroke

Hemorrhagic Stroke

treatment detection of cardiac and cardiovascular problems may include
Treatment & detection of cardiac and cardiovascular problems may include:
  • By-Pass Surgery: http://www.heartpoint.com/bypass.html
  • Angioplasty (we’ll look at next slide)
  • pacemaker
  • Clot “dissolvers”
  • Echocardiograms
  • Measurement of blood pressure
  • Measurement of electrocardiogram

To be discussed

artifical pacemaker
Artifical Pacemaker

Battery operated

echocardiogram sound imaging of the heart
ECHOCARDIOGRAMSound imaging of the heart

Tumor observed in left atrium

examples of medications
Examples of Medications
  • Dissolving plaque: “clot busters”
  • Decrease blood pressure
  • Decrease cholesterol levels

Tissue plasminogen activator

examples of mechanisms of decrease blood pressure http www nhlbi nih gov hbp treat bpd type htm
Examples of mechanisms of decrease blood pressurehttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/treat/bpd_type.htm
  • Diuretics (e.g. Lasix; furosemide )
  • Beta-blockers
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Enzyme blockers (will be mentioned with kidney discussion)
  • Exercise, weight loss and diet (may reduce or eliminate need for mediation!)

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/high-blood-pressure/HI00027

fyi links related to various medications lifestyle choices and mechanisms of blood pressure control
FYI: Links related to various medications, lifestyle choices and mechanisms of blood pressure control
  • http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=159
  • http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/treat/bpd_type.htm
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/high-blood-pressure/HI00027
prevention
Prevention
  • Increase Exercise
  • No Smoking
  • Low fat diets
  • Weight control
  • Regular check ups