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Shipping and Transport College Rotterdam

Shipping and Transport College Rotterdam

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Shipping and Transport College Rotterdam

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  1. Shipping and Transport College Rotterdam Container basics

  2. Container Basics • Container construction • Container types • Container marks and numbers

  3. Objectives • What is a container • Describe the components • Describe materials used • ISO standards • Describe test for containers • Describe the types of containers

  4. Benefits of containerization • Creates a unit load for rapid cargo handling • Protects cargo packages • Reduces risks to cargo • Encourages door to door transport • Provides economical cost effective transport

  5. A container has to be • Strong enough to be repacked many times • Change transport modes without unpacking and recapping • Allows easy handling • Easily packed and unpacked

  6. Freight container = Dry box

  7. Freight Container • Weatherproof rectangular box • Transport and stores cargo • Confines and protects contents • Separable from means of transport • Handled as unit load

  8. ISO International Standarisation Organisation

  9. ISO-standardsWidth: 2.438 / 8 feet • Length • 3 m / 10 ft • 6 m / 20 ft • 9 m / 30 ft • 12m/ 40 ft • Height • 2.438 m / 8 feet • 2.591 m / 8 feet 6 inches • < 2.438 m / < 8 feet

  10. Twenty feet Equivalent unit TEU

  11. 1 Side walls • 2 Roof • 3 Base • 4 End wall = Front • 5 End Doors = Back

  12. Connection corner fittings/corner castings • End frames • 1 Corner posts • 2 Top end rail • 3 Bottom end rail • Sides • top side rails • bottom side rails • Left : view from door end, from the back.

  13. Frame Materials • High tensile steel • Corten steel

  14. Floors • 1 Cross members • 2 Forklift pockets • 3 Floor • 4 Entrance plate • Steel • Aluminum • Wood • Plywood • Bamboo

  15. Side and Roof Materials • Steel • Aluminum • Corten steel • High tension steel

  16. Gooseneck tunnel • Special for trucks

  17. Container Construction

  18. (Dis) Advantages of Steel • For • Welded, watertight • Stiff, rigid • Tough • Easily repaired • Cheap • Resistant to solvents • Against • Heavy • Rusts • Corrodes • Difficult to insulate

  19. (Dis)Advantages of Aluminum • For • Light weight • Resistant to corrosion by air Flexible • Easily insulated • Against • Expensive • Needs extra support • Needs steel frame • Corroded by acids • Tears easily • Needs riveting / bolting Expensive to repair

  20. Maximum Gross Mass (Ratings) • 10 feet 10,160 kg • 20 feet 24,000 kg • 30 feet 25,400 kg • 41 feet 30,480 kg

  21. Payload = Rating - Tare Mass

  22. Length • 10 feet ( Offshore ) • 20 feet • 35 feet ( Sealand ) • 40 feet • 45 feet • Growing to 48 feet and even 52 feet

  23. Wide • 8 feet • Europe wants two pallets wide

  24. Height • 8 feet ( almost phased out ) • 8.6 feet • 9.6 feet ( High Cubes )

  25. Container Types

  26. 20 feet Dry Box

  27. 40 feet Dry Box

  28. 20 feet Open Top

  29. 40 feet Open Top

  30. Open Top Removable Top