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Text Complexity. The inherent difficulty of reading and comprehending a text combined with consideration of reader and task variables ( Common Core State Standards for ELA ). WCPSS Elementary Principals December 1, 2011. Remember the Six Shifts?. Increase reading of informational text

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Text complexity

Text Complexity

The inherent difficulty of reading and comprehending a text combined with consideration of reader and task variables

(Common Core State Standards for ELA)

WCPSS Elementary Principals

December 1, 2011


Remember the six shifts
Remember the Six Shifts?

  • Increase reading of informational text

  • Literacy instruction in all content areas

  • Text complexity

  • Text-based answers

  • Increased writing from sources

  • Academic vocabulary


Desired outcomes
Desired Outcomes

  • An understanding of the three features of text complexity

  • An understanding of why text complexity matters

  • Knowledge of resources to support consideration of text complexity


Why focus on it
Why Focus on It?

As the complexity of K-12

texts decreased

The complexity of

reading demands in

college/career

increased


Best sorter within the act
Best “Sorter” within the ACT?

Not cognitive level of question…

Not questions focusing on textual elements…

Text Complexity


Not natural
Not natural…

“We were never born

to read. Human beings

invented reading only a

few thousand years ago.

And with this invention,

we rearranged the

very organization of our

brain, which in turn

expanded the ways we

are able to think, which

altered the intellectual

evolution of our species.”

Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain



Text complexity

Students with Disabilities

and

English Language Learners


Text complexity

Not “if,”

but “how”

Literacy is a right, not a privilege.




Text complexity1
Text Complexity “complex”

Common Core State Standards


Three legged stool
Three-legged Stool “complex”

Quantitative

Reader

and Text

Qualitative


Quantitative analysis of text
Quantitative Analysis of Text “complex”

  • What is a Lexile measure?

  • How are Lexile measures determined?

  • How can you find out a student’s Lexile reader measure?

  • How can you find out the Lexile measure of a text?


Readability measures
Readability Measures “complex”

A way of quantifying text difficulty…

2000 +



Forecasted comprehension of text
Forecasted Comprehension of Text “complex”

1500L 25%

1250L 50%

1000L1000L75%

750L 85%

500L 95%


What does a lexile measure include
What does a “complex”Lexile measure include?

Sentence Length

Word Frequency


How are lexile measures determined
How are “complex”Lexile measures determined?


Text complexity

Most people stay away from snakes. But not Jesus Rivas. He likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

Everyone should stay focused at work, but if Jesus Rivas gets distracted for even a moment, he could be strangled by a 500-pount snake. Rivas, a biologist, is leading the first-ever study of anacondas in the wild. (1120L)


Staircase of text complexity
Staircase of Text Complexity likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

Student:

50 above

and

100 below

At the lowest grade in each band, (for example, 4th grade), students focus on reading texts within the current Lexile band. At the next grade within the band (for example, 5th grade), students must “stretch” to read some texts from the next band.

Building + Challenging


How can you find out a student s lexile measure
How can you find out a student’s likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)Lexile measure?

NC EOG


How can you find out the lexile measure of a text http www lexile com
How can you find out the likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)Lexile measure of a text? http://www.lexile.com

Book

Search

Lexile

Analyzer


Lexile codes
Lexile likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L) Codes

  • AD: Adult Directed

  • NC: Non-Conforming

  • HL: High-Low

  • IG: Illustrated Guide

  • GN: Graphic Novel

  • BR: Beginning Reading

  • NP: Non-Prose


Where are we going
Where are we going? likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


What a lexile measure cannot do
What a Lexile Measure likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)Cannot Do

  • Replace professional judgment of teachers

  • Determine whether or not a student can read a text

  • Measure content or quality of a text


Qualitative analysis of text
Qualitative Analysis of Text likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


Qualitative analysis
Qualitative Analysis likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


Comparing three titles
Comparing Three Titles likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


Sample science texts
Sample Science Texts likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

730L

1020L

1000L


Reader and task
Reader and Task likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

  • Variables specific to particular readers (such as motivation, knowledge, and experiences)

  • Variables specific to particular tasks (such as purpose and the complexity of the task assigned and the questions posed)


Keep in mind
Keep in mind… likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

  • A student’s ability to read complex text does not always develop in a linear fashion.

  • Students reading well above and well below grade-band level need additional support.

  • Even many students on course for college and career readiness are likely to need scaffolding as they master higher levels of text complexity.


Text complexity

Students need opportunities to likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)stretch their reading abilities but also to experience the satisfaction and pleasure of easy, fluent reading…, both of which the Standards allow for. As noted above, such factors as students’ motivation, knowledge, and experiences must also come into play in text selection.

Common Core State Standards


Key word grapple
Key Word: “GRAPPLE” likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


Additional resources
Additional Resources likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

  • Common Core State Standards for ELA Appendix A and Appendix B

  • DPI Exemplar Document (contains ordering information for texts listed in CCSS and indicates which are in the public domain)


Implications for your school
Implications for Your School? likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)


Questions
Questions? likes to follow them. He follows a snake called the anaconda. It is one of the biggest snakes in the world. Rivas takes the anaconda from the water. He studies it. Then Rivas puts the snake back. His job makes him a snake stalker. (280L)

Sherri Merritt, Ph.D.

Director of K-12 Literacy

Wake County Public School System

smerritt2@wcpss.net

919.431.7484