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Agreements of the 1920s. Did they help or hinder the League?. Economic Recovery. The Dawes Plan 1924 WHY? Ruhr Invasion 1923 leads to inflation GB and France economies in trouble WHEN? 1924 WHO? Germany (Stresemann) and USA (Dawes) WHAT? Loans from USA given to Germany

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agreements of the 1920s

Agreements of the 1920s

Did they help or hinder the League?

economic recovery
Economic Recovery
  • The Dawes Plan 1924
    • WHY?
      • Ruhr Invasion 1923 leads to inflation
      • GB and France economies in trouble
    • WHEN?
      • 1924
    • WHO?
      • Germany (Stresemann) and USA (Dawes)
    • WHAT?
      • Loans from USA given to Germany
      • Meant Germany could keep paying reparations
how the dawes plan helped recovery
How the Dawes Plan helped recovery

American loans help Europe recover

This would also help Britain and France pay back the money the USA lent them during the First World War.

problems with the dawes plan
Problems with the Dawes Plan
  • Treaty of Versailles had been changed.
  • Germany now dependent on US loans.
    • GB and France also dependent on them for reparation payments.
disarmament
Disarmament
  • League of Nations AIM = DISARMAMENT
  • Germany was FORCED to DISARM in the ToV
  • LoN needed to get other countries to CHOOSE to DISARM.
  • 1921 Washington Conference
  • 1923 GB rejected a disarmament treaty that France had agreed to
  • 1926 plans for a disarmament conference took 5 years to complete and Germany rejected these in 1933.
  • The LoN had failed but did not seem to be a problem at the time – WHY?
locarno honeymoon
‘LOCARNO HONEYMOON’
  • It was greeted with celebration in Europe. Peace looked like lasting. Goodwill spread. Germany even joined the LoN in 1926. Things looked good.

What had been missed out?

  • This was the name given to the period after the Locarno Treaties were signed.
  • Britain and Italy agreed to protect them if Germany broke this promise.
  • Germany accepted the Rhineland would stay demilitarised.
  • Germany accepted the borders it held with Belgium and France.
  • France and Germany agreed to settle disputes through the League of Nations.

BUT!

the kellogg briand pact
The Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • Nothing to do with Cornflakes!
  • Signed in 1928 and agreed
    • Condemned war as a means of solving disputes.
    • Settlement of diputesshopuld only be by peaceful means.
  • BUT
    • Nothing to say what would happen if someone broke the Pact
    • Not all countries signed it.
    • All states agreed to keep their armies for self-defence – what about disarmament?
how successful was the lon in the 1920s
How successful was the LoN in the 1920s?
  • Think about
    • Disputes settled.
    • Disarmament.
    • Other agreements – those both in and outside the LoN.
    • The work of its commissions and committees.
    • The League’s structure.
  • This should be a minimum of 2 sides of A4 and a maximum of 3.