designation
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Designation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 37

Designation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 86 Views
  • Uploaded on

Designation. “What shouldn’t go in the dumpster”. What is designation? Why do I care?. Waste codes drive counting Counting determines generator status →rules Rules determine → disposal options, waste management costs. D001?. F003?. What makes a waste dangerous? (aka CRIPTT). C orrosive

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Designation' - natalya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
designation

Designation

“What shouldn’t go in the dumpster”

what is designation why do i care
What is designation? Why do I care?
  • Waste codes drive counting
  • Counting determines generator status→rules
  • Rules determine →disposal options, waste management costs

D001?

F003?

what makes a waste dangerous aka criptt
What makes a waste dangerous?(aka CRIPTT)
  • Corrosive
  • Reactive
  • Ignitable
  • Persistent
  • Toxic (Federal)
  • Toxic (WA State)
two ways to designate waste
Two ways to designate waste

Generator knowledge

Testing

generator knowledge
Generator knowledge
  • What processes/steps created the waste?
  • What raw materials went into those processes?
  • What does the MSDS reveal?
  • What percentage of each material could be in the waste?
  • MSDSs have limitations
limitations of msdss
Limitations of MSDSs
  • Made for safety reasons, not waste disposal
  • Describe the product, not the waste
  • Processing may cause chemical changes
  • Volatile chemicals may be gone (check flash point)
  • Chemicals may not be listed (proprietary knowledge)
  • May not be made from test results
waste testing
Waste testing
  • Use/document representative sampling methods
  • Test it yourself or know what tests need to be run
  • Determine tests needed (WAC 173-303-110)
  • Talk to lab about procedures
online designation tool
Online Designation Tool
  • You can use the new online designation tool

www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr/manage_waste/des_intro.html

  • Works through chemicals in waste one-by-one
  • Help available from regional contacts
  • Not for usable products
online designation tool cont
Online Designation Tool cont.
  • You will need:
  • Excel 2007, 1997, 2000, 2002 (XP), or 2003
  • Names or Chemical Abstract Numbers (CAS) for each chemical in the waste
    • Tool includes lists of toxicity data and characteristics, sortable by name and CAS
  • Separate Excel worksheets for each chemical in the waste
designation checklist
Designation checklist

6. Is it a corrosive waste?

7. Is it a reactive waste?

8. Is it a federally toxic waste?

9. Is it a state-only toxic waste?

10. Is it a state-only persistent waste?

11. Is it exempt for recycling?

1. Is it a solid waste?

2. Is it an excluded waste?

3. Is it a discarded, unused chemical product?

4. Is it a process waste?

(from a particular source)

5. Is it an ignitable waste?

practice 1 designate barrier coat red primer
Practice #1Designate barrier coat red primer
  • 8 cans of unused red primer
    • Primer is not useable or returnable
    • Has been through several freeze/thaw cycles
  • Print from the Appendix folder:
    • Designation Checklist
    • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for red primer
  • Have copy of WAC 173-303 to refer to
solid waste wac 173 303 016
Dangerous wastes

Solid wastes

Discarded materials

Solid wasteWAC 173-303-016
  • If you are throwing it away, planning to throw it away, or abandoning it in the “bone yard,” it’s probably solid waste.
  • Don’t let the word “solid” fool you – do the dumpster test.
excluded waste wac 173 303 071
Excluded wasteWAC 173-303-071
  • Wastes excluded because:
    • generally are not dangerous waste,
    • are regulated under other state and federal programs,
    • or are recycled in ways which do not threaten public health or the environment
  • Such as:
    • Domestic sewage, permitted industrial wastewater, household wastes, agricultural crops, irrigation return flows, roofing tar, shingles, samples, etc.
  • Seven pages of exclusions
discarded chemical products wac 173 303 081 wac 173 303 9903
Discarded chemical productsWAC 173-303-081, WAC 173-303-9903
  • Must be “Product,” therefore unused
  • Must have single active ingredient (per definition in -040)
  • Pcodes more toxic
  • U codes less toxic
  • See lists at end of rule
  • Use CAS number
    • Chemical Abstracts Service
discarded chemical products cont wac 173 303 081 wac 173 303 9903
Discarded chemical products (cont.)WAC 173-303-081, WAC 173-303-9903
  • Does the MSDS show a match to P or U codes?
  • If there is a match, does that mean you have found the proper code?
  • Remember – must be unused and single active ingredient
source wastes wac 173 303 082 wac 173 303 9904
Source wastesWAC 173-303-082, WAC 173-303-9904
  • Non-specific sources: F codes
    • 28 different codes
    • Read carefully
  • Specific sources: K codes
    • Particular industrial source
source wastes cont wac 173 303 082 wac 173 303 9904
Source wastescont.WAC 173-303-082, WAC 173-303-9904
  • Is there an F code or a K code that would describe the red primer?
  • Read the code descriptions carefully.
    • Some have several qualifications that the material must meet before you can assign that code.
  • Refer to definitions in -040
    • (For example, “spent”)
source wastes cont wac 173 303 082 wac 173 303 99041
Source wastes (cont.)WAC 173-303-082, WAC 173-303-9904
  • PCBs
    • Found in older electrical equipment
    • May have decal with ppm
  • State source code: WPCB
    • Find after list of K codes
  • Washington limit – 2 ppm
    • More stringent than federal
ignitable d001 wac 173 303 090 5
Ignitable (D001)WAC 173-303-090 (5)
  • Liquid, flash point less than 60° C (140° F)
  • Ignitable solid
  • Ignitable compressed gas
  • Oxidizer
corrosive d002 wsc2 wac 173 303 090 6
Corrosive (D002, WSC2)WAC 173-303-090 (6)
  • Water-based with pH ≤ 2 or ≥ 12.5 (aqueous)
  • Liquid that corrodes steel > 0.25 inch per year
  • Solid, mixed with water, has pH ≤ 2 or ≥ 12.5 (WA only)
reactive d003 wac 173 303 090 7
Reactive (D003)WAC 173-303-090 (7)
  • Prone to violent, spontaneous change
  • Reacts violently with water
  • Forms potentially explosive mixtures with water
  • Gives off toxic gases when mixed with water
  • Cyanide or sulfide bearing waste that gives off toxic gases
  • Explodes
  • DOT-defined explosive
federal toxic d004 d043 wac 173 303 090 8
Federal Toxic (D004-D043)WAC 173-303-090 (8)
  • Toxicity Characteristic List
  • Mostly metals, solvents, pesticides
  • Extract using Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)
  • Amount by weight – mg/L
  • 1% ≈10,000 PPM ≈10,000 mg/L
    • Specific gravity = 1.0
toxicity beyond question 8
Toxicity - Beyond Question #8
  • Can I stop at question #8?
  • MQGs and LQGs can stop
    • Stringent disposal rules
    • Encouraged to continue – for full knowledge
  • SQGs must designate for State Toxicity
    • Less stringent disposal rules
    • Questions 9 and 10
washington state only toxic wt01 02 wac 173 303 100 5
Washington state-only toxic (WT01, 02)WAC 173-303-100 (5)
  • Poisonous
    • Kills fish, rats or rabbits
  • Two ways to determine
    • Bioassay - Expensive
    • Book designation
      • Use weight percentages
      • Determine equivalent concentration
book designation wac 173 303 100 5 b
Book Designation WAC 173-303-100 (5) (b)
  • This is the formula to book designate waste.
    • Must know chemicals and weight %
    • EC = equivalent concentration
  • If EC > 1.0% =waste isWT01
  • If 0.001% ≤ EC < 1.0% = waste is WT02
  • If EC < 0.001 waste is not dangerous waste
toxic category table wac 173 303 100 5 b
Toxic Category TableWAC 173-303-100 (5) (b)

Inhalation Dermal

Toxic Fish Oral Rat Rat Rabbit

Category LC50(mg/L) LD50 (mg/kg) LC50(mg/L) LD 50 (mg/kg)

X <0.01 <.5 <.02 < 2

A 0.01 - <0.1 .5 - <5 .02 - <.2 2 - <20

B 0.1 - <1 5 - <50 .2 - <2 20 - <200

C 1 - <10 50 - <500 2 - <20 200 - <2000

D 10 - 100 500 - 5000 20 - 200 2000 - 20,000

  • See Section XI (11) of the MSDS for toxicity data on a chemical
  • But MSDS for red primer paint does not have a Section XI !
slide28
Is Red Primer WT01 or WT02?

Toxic category

Compound

Weight %

mixed xylenes 13 D

ethyl benzene 4 D

= 0.0017

  • EC = 0.0017
  • 0.001% < EC < 1.0% = WT02
  • The red primer designates as WT02, as well as D001
persistent wastes wp01 wp02 wp03 wac 173 303 100 6
Persistent wastes(WP01, WP02, WP03)WAC 173-303-100 (6)
  • Halogenated Organic Compounds
    • (HOCs >1.0% WP01; 0.01% to 1.0% WP02)
    • Hint: Look for chlor, fluor, bromo
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    • (PAHs >1.0%, WP03)
    • See Section -040 –Definitions for definition of PAH
exempt for recycling wac 173 303 017
Exempt for Recycling?WAC 173-303-017
  • Used or reused as ingredients in industrial process to make a product without being reclaimed
  • Used or reused as effective substitutes for commercial products
  • Returned to the original process without being reclaimed
  • Specific examples: pulping liquors, etc.
practice 2
Practice #2
  • A fork lift runs over the 8 cans of red primer, spilling paint everywhere. After it dries, the janitor cleans it up using ZIP STRIPTM
  • Does the resulting sludge designate as dangerous waste?
  • Assume all red primer constituents except red paint pigment has evaporated. Residual pigment is not dangerous waste.
  • Determine federal and state waste codes.
slide34
Is spent Zip Strip™ WT01 or WT02?

You call a hazardous waste specialist at the Ecology regional office. That person gives you this data to help determine the state toxicity category.

slide35
Is Zip Strip™ WT01 or WT02?

Toxic category

Weight %

Methylene chloride 80 D

Methanol 15 D

Therefore

= 0.0095

0.001% < EC < 1.0% = WT02

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Work through designation step by step
  • Call your regional office for help
  • You can get ahead of the process. Designate chemicals before they come into your business. Avoid the chemicals that could cause your waste to be Dangerous Waste
ad