Occupational Health & Safety in British Columbia, Canada 加拿大卑诗省职业卫生与安全 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Occupational Health & Safety in British Columbia, Canada 加拿大卑诗省职业卫生与安全

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  1. Occupational Health & Safety in British Columbia, Canada 加拿大卑诗省职业卫生与安全 Presented by Ross Pallett 主讲人:罗斯·帕莱特

  2. Canada加拿大 Canada 9,984,670 Sq. Km. 加拿大国土 China 9,596,960 Sq. Km. 中国国土 Population of Canada 33,311,389 加拿大人口

  3. Canada加拿大 • Each province and territory has OHS legislation & regulations covering their own jurisdictions • 各省和地区在其管辖范围内都有各自职业卫生与安全法律和法规 • Federal government has separate legislation & regulations covering federal jurisdictions • 联邦政府在其管辖范围内有单独的法律和法规

  4. Canada加拿大 • Each act is unique, but all outline the rights, duties, roles and responsibilities of the workplace parties • 尽管每部法律各不相同,但是所有法律都对工作场所各方的权利、义务、角色和责任作了纲要性的表述。

  5. Internal Responsibility内部责任体系 • System based on the principal that every individual in the workplace is responsible for health & safety • 该体系的基本原则为:工作场所涉及到的每个人都要对卫生与安全负责。 • Includes the employer, senior management, supervisors and workers. • 该体系包括雇主、高层管理者、主管和工人。

  6. Internal Responsibility内部责任体系 • Employer Responsibility • 雇主责任

  7. Internal Responsibility内部责任体系 • Worker Responsibility • 工人的责任

  8. Internal Responsibility内部责任体系 • Supervisor Responsibility • 主管的责任

  9. Best Practices for Supervisors主管最佳实践经验 • The supervisor is a safety manager • 主管是一个安全管理者 • The supervisor is a communicator • 主管是一个沟通者

  10. Best Practices for Supervisors主管最佳实践经验 Learning Styles 学习方式 Visual 眼观 Auditory 耳听 Tactile 动手

  11. Best Practices for Supervisors主管最佳实践经验 The supervisor has good: 主管应当拥有良好的: • Listening skills • 倾听技巧 • Speaking skills • 口头表达技巧

  12. Trainer 培训师 Best Practices for Supervisors主管最佳实践经验 • Communication Styles • 沟通方式 • Written • 书面 • Verbal 口头

  13. Trainer 培训师 Best Practices for Supervisors主管的最佳实践经验 • Communication Styles • 沟通方式 • Visual • 视觉 • Demonstration • 展示

  14. Inspector 检查员 Best Practices for Supervisors主管的最佳实践经验 • Inspection is a tool • 检查是一种手段 • Many accidents result from • an unsafe act of a worker • 许多事故是由工人的不安全行 • 为导致的

  15. Best Practices for Supervisors主管的最佳实践经验 • Why investigate accidents? • 为什么要调查事故? • Five principals of effective • accident investigation • 有效进行事故调查的5个 • 原则 Investigator 事故调查人员

  16. About WorkSafeBC卑诗省劳动安全局简介

  17. About WorkSafeBC卑诗省劳动安全局简介 • WorkSafeBC is a ‘statutory agency’: • 卑诗省劳动安全局是一个 ‘法定机构 ’: • The sole insurer of workers’ compensation in British Columbia • 是卑诗省受理工人赔偿保险的唯一承保机构 • Manage all workers compensation claims • 负责受理工人提出的所有赔偿诉求 • The Occupational Safety and Health regulator, inspectorate and promoter • 是职业安全与健康的法规制定者,也是职业安全与健康的检查机构,又是职业安全和健康的宣传机构

  18. Vision愿景 • Workers and workplaces safe and secure from injury, illness, and disease • 保证工人和工作场所安全,远离工伤、疾病和死亡。

  19. The ‘Businesses’ They Are In业务范围 • Occupational Health and Safety • 职业卫生与安全 • Disability and Casualty Insurance • 工伤保险 • ‘Pension’ Fund Management • ‘养老金’基金管理 • Health Care authorization, supervision and payment • 医疗保健授权、监督和支付

  20. Why This Matters这项工作的重要性 • The human and financial cost of work-related injury, illness and disease are devastating • 工伤、职业病造成巨大的生命和费用损失。 • Work-related injury, illness and disease are not an inevitable consequence of doing business • 工伤、职业病是可以避免的。

  21. Senior Executive & Structure高级管理人员和组织结构图 WorkSafeBC 董事会 David Anderson 总裁兼首席执行官/ 总裁办公室 Diana Miles 副总裁/工人雇主服务司 Pam Cohen 副总裁/人力资源及设施管理司 Roberta Ellis 副总裁/政策、调查和审议司 Ed Bates 总法律顾问及秘书长 Steve Barnett 财务总监/财务信息服务办公室 Brian Erickson 审计官 Ian Munroe 运营主任 Betty Pirs 事故预防主任 Don Pawluk 内部审计处处长 Terry Bogyo 行政规划主任 Scott McCloy 联络主任

  22. The Basics of the Business业务的基本特征 • Employers pay premiums that fund the system • 劳动安全局运营资金全部来自雇主支付的保险费 • Workers make no direct payments for coverage • 工人不需直接支付工伤保险费 • WorkSafeBC receives no money from government • 政府不向劳动安全局提供额外拨款

  23. Insurance System Features保险体系特点 • All employers are required to register • 所有雇主都要注册 • Premiums average about $1.50 per $100 of assessable payroll • 工伤保险费平均比例为:每100加元工资支付1.5加元保险费

  24. Insurance System Features保险体系特点 • Rate includes all prevention, appeal, administration and benefit costs • 保险额包括所有预防、申诉、管理和福利开支。 • Rate is subject to experience rating adjustment (up to a 50% discount or a 100% surcharge) • 保险额根据事故发生率调整(最多降低一半或增加一倍)

  25. Vocational Rehabilitation职业伤病康复 • 100 Vocational Rehabilitation Consultants 100位职业伤病康复顾问 • Injured worker rehabilitation and return to work 受伤工人康复并返回原工作岗位

  26. WorkSafeBC Prevention卑诗省劳动安全局预防工作内容 • Share knowledge and industry intelligence 分享知识和行业信息 • Distribute prevention information to employers and industry associations 向雇主和行业协会发布预防信息

  27. WorkSafeBC Website 卑诗省劳动 安全局网站

  28. WorkSafeBC Website 卑诗省劳动 安全局网站

  29. WorkSafeBC Website 卑诗省劳动 安全局网站

  30. WorkSafeBC Prevention卑诗省劳动安全局预防工作内容

  31. WorkSafeBC Prevention卑诗省劳动安全局预防工作内容

  32. WorkSafeBC Prevention卑诗省劳动安全局预防工作内容 • Monitors compliance • 对遵纪守法情况进行监督 • Investigates serious accidents • 对严重事故展开调查 • Educates and consults • 教育和咨询

  33. Occupational Safety Officer职业安全官员 Qualifications 资质 • Recruited on the basis of sectoral needs of the region, e.g. construction, logging • 根据该地区各行业(如建筑、伐木搬运业)的具体需求进行招聘 • Background in occupational safety • 必须具有职业安全背景

  34. Occupational Safety Officer职业安全官员 • Focus on physical hazards • 注重造成人身伤害 的致危因素

  35. Occupational Hygiene Officer职业卫生官员 Qualifications 资质 • University graduate – major in science • 大学本科学历-理工科专业 • Background in occupational health & safety • 最好具有职业卫生与安全背景

  36. Occupational Hygiene Officer职业卫生官员 • Focus on chemical and occupational health hazards • 注重化学和职业健康致危因素

  37. Investigating Officers事故调查官员 • Safety and hygiene officers can volunteer for this position • 安全和卫生官员可自愿进行事故调查 • Receive additional training in investigating techniques • 须接受调查技巧方面的专门培训

  38. Investigating Officers事故调查官员 • Investigate accidents resulting in serious injury or death 对导致严重工伤或 死亡的事故展开调查

  39. Officers’ Powers事故调查官员的权力 • To close all or part of an operation 有权中止该现场的全部或部分运营

  40. Officers’ Powers事故调查官员的权力 • Recommend administrative penalty • 有权建议行政处罚 • Recommend prosecution • 有权提请司法起诉

  41. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • WorkSafeBC approaches safety & health in 3 ways: • 卑诗省劳动安全局达到安全和健康目标的3种方式 Educate 教育Consult咨询 Enforce强制执行

  42. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • Target employers with the most injuries: • 针对工伤事故多发企业的雇主 • routine inspections • 例行检查 • expert assistance • 专家支持 • administrative penalties • 行政处罚

  43. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • Inspectors make their own inspection schedule • 检查员制定自己的检查时间表 • some inspections are required by the strategy • 有些检查是按计划要求的 • targets of opportunity • 有些检查选取的是临时目标

  44. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • discretion on follow-up • 判断落实情况 • employers are not given notice of inspections • 检查前不提前告诉雇主

  45. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • Inspectors respond to complaints of unsafe conditions • all complaints are prioritized and followed up • 检查员要对不安全 状况的举报做出回应 -要对所有举报按轻重缓急 进行检查并跟踪落实情况

  46. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • Protocol requires the inspector to contact the most senior manager in the workplace • 按程序要求,检查员应与工作场所最高层管理者建立联系 • Law requires the employer to allow a worker representative on the inspection • 按法律要求,雇主必须允许一位工人代表参与检查过程

  47. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • After the inspection:检查后: • meet to discuss findings of inspection • 开会讨论检查结果 • present a written report to the employer or his representative • 向雇主或其代表提交书面报告 • employer must post inspection report 雇主必须张贴检查报告

  48. Inspection Practice & Protocol安全与职业健康检查惯例和程序 • Copy of inspection report mailed to employer’s head office • 检查报告的复印件要邮寄给雇主企业总部 • Employer must notify the inspector about the status of compliance in an agreed upon time frame -雇主应在双方协商的时间范围内向检查员报告 整改状况

  49. Results成果 受伤率表格

  50. Occupational Health & Safety in British Columbia, Canada 加拿大卑诗省职业卫生与安全 Presented by Ross Pallett 主讲人:罗斯·帕莱特