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Expansionism rapid settlement & economic development of the West. Instructor: Carol Jean Cox. EXPANSIONISM . Advance to the Mississippi Manifest Destiny Texas Independence and Annexation The War Against Mexico Westward Expansionism. Expanding Settlement, 1810-1850. EXPANSIONISM.

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Expansionism rapid settlement economic development of the west

Expansionismrapid settlement & economic development of the West

Instructor: Carol Jean Cox


Expansionism
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War Against Mexico

  • Westward Expansionism



Expansionism1
EXPANSIONISM

  • The Advance to the Mississippi

    • Harrison Land Act of 1800

      • Federal Land sales

      • New States - Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois

        Alabama, Missouri

      • 160 acres for .50 cents an acre

      • 4 yrs to pay at 1.50 per acre

    • Great Plantations appeared in Alabama and Mississippi

      • Planters from Virginia, the Carolinas &

        Georgia moved inland


Expansionism2
EXPANSIONISM

  • The Advance to the Mississippi

    • Indian Removal East of the Mississippi

      • The Trail of Tears

        • John C. Calhoun, Monroe's Secretary of War established a resettlement policy of Indians beyond Missouri Rivers

          • by 1830's completed

        • William Henry Harrison destroyed Indian power in Northwest.

        • Andrew Jackson crushed the Creeks & Cherokees of the Southwest


Expansionism3
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War with Mexico

  • Westward Expansionism


Expansionism4
EXPANSIONISM

  • Manifest Destiny

    "Our manifest destiny (is) to overspread the

    continent allotted by Providence for the free

    development of our yearly multiplying millions."

    John O' Sullivan

    "Democratic Review”

    1845

    Zinn pg. 152


Expansionism5
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War Against Mexico

  • Westward Expansionism


Expansionism6
EXPANSIONISM

  • Texas Independence

    • American Immigration to Texas

    • Independence Declared

    • Battle of the Alamo

    • Lone Star Republic 1836

Sam Houston (Portrait Gallery)


Expansionism7
EXPANSIONISM

  • Texas Annexation 1845

    • The Democrats and Expansion

      • Polk Elected

    • U.S. agrees to annex Texas 1845

    • Texas /Mexico Border Dispute

      • U.S. states Rio Grande River

      • Mexico claims Nueces River

    • Mexican order to prohibit U.S. immigration to CA

      • Bear Flag Revolt 1845

James K. Polk (Portrait Gallery)


Expansionism8
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War Against Mexico

  • Westward Expansion


Expansionism9
EXPANSIONISM

  • The War Against Mexico 1846-1848

    • War and Expansionism

    • Zachary Taylor advances from Nueces to Rio Grande

      • 11 Americans killed by Mexicans on 3/8/46

    • U.S. declared war

      • 1700 Americans died, 4000 Mexicans,

      • most die from disease

        • Zinn p.162

    • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo July 4, 1848

      • Texas, CA & New Mexico & 1 million sq. miles become a part of the United States

      • U.S. paid $15 million


Expansionism10
EXPANSIONISM

The Mexican War, 1846-1848


Expansionism11
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War Against Mexico

  • Westward Expansion


Expansionism12
EXPANSIONISM

1820-1840’s

  • Westward Expansion

    • Early Explorers

      • Lewis & Clark

      • Zeb Pike

    • Trappers

      • Hudson Bay Co.

      • American Fur Co.

      • Rocky Mt. Fur Co.

    • Mountain Men

      • Jed Smith

      • Josiah Walker

    • Surveyors/Scouts

      • John C. Fremont

Western Trails



Expansionism14
EXPANSIONISM

  • Westward Expansion

    • The Mormons 1830-1851

    • Early Settlers/ Conestoga Wagons

      • 1840’s to Oregon & CA

        • Applegates, Lassens, Bidwells, Bartlesons, Donner Party


Expansionism15
EXPANSIONISM

  • Westward Expansion

    • Oregon Territory

      • “Joint Occupation” 

    • The Westward Migration

      • The Oregon Trail 

      • Growing American Settlements

The Oregon Boundary, 1846


Expansionism rapid settlement economic development of the west

“54’ 40” or Fight!”

Britain relinquished all

territorial claims 1846

The Oregon Boundary, 1846


Expansionism16
EXPANSIONISM

  • Westward Expansion

    • Gold Discovery in California 1848

    • In 1849 30,000 would be miners set out overland from Missouri to CA

    • Another 25,000 made it by sea

    • Few became rich, but the hundreds

      of thousands pushed CA

      towards statehood




Expansionism17
EXPANSIONISM

  • Westward Expansion

    • Gadsden Purchase

      • bought from Mexico for 10 mill. 1853

    • Mail routes/Pony Express 1860-1861

    • Transcontinental Railroad 1869



Expansionism19
EXPANSIONISM

  • Westward Expansion

    • Early Explorers

    • Trappers

    • Mountain Men

    • Westward Migration

      • Early Settlers

      • Conestoga Wagon Trains

      • Mormon Settlement

      • Oregon Territory

    • Gold Discoveries

    • Mail routes/Pony Express

    • Transcontinental Railroad


Expansionism20
EXPANSIONISM

  • Advance to the Mississippi

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Texas Independence and Annexation

  • The War Against Mexico

  • Westward Expansion


Expansionism rapid settlement economic development of the west1

Expansionismrapid settlement & economic development of the West

Instructor: Carol Jean Cox