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Chapter 26. An Age of Democracy and Progress 1815 - 1914. The working and middle class, along with women want a voice in government. More people becoming educated and have money. Mostly the middle class. Industrial Revolution.

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chapter 26

Chapter 26

An Age of Democracy and Progress 1815 - 1914

industrial revolution

The working and middle class, along with women want a voice in government.

  • More people becoming educated and have money. Mostly the middle class.
Industrial Revolution
britain evolves

1600s (17th century) – Magna Carta and a constitutional monarchy

  • People no longer believed in divine right
  • Parliament consists of a House of Lords and a House of Commons
  • House of Lords usually inherited their position. House of Commons the British people voted.
  • Voting was limited to men who owned a large amount of land – 5%
Britain Evolves
the reform bill of 1832

The middle class demanded respect and a vote

  • Upper middle class – factory owners, bankers, and merchants
  • Suffrage – the right to vote
  • The American and French Revolution scared leaders of Parliament
The Reform Bill of 1832
the reform bill of 18321

Lessened the property requirements and enabled wealthy MEN.

  • Redistricted the new industrial cities
  • ^ This is called gerrymandering
  • Still only allowed a small percentage of the population to vote – diagram on pg 748
The Reform Bill of 1832
chartist movement

Wanted the vote for all people (MEN), a secret ballot, and new Parliament requirements

  • Nothing passed but by WWI, they received most everything
  • Put the idea in people’s heads
Chartist Movement
the victorian age

Under Queen Victoria

  • Many democratic movements began and power shifted to Parliament
  • Wealth and power
  • How does this relate

to today?

The Victorian Age
women s suffrage

Many people thought that women should not participate in politics, including women

  • Emmeline Pankhurst and the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) – read Primary Source on pg 749
  • Christabel and Sylvia
  • WWI
Women’s Suffrage
anti semitism

Anti-Semitism – negative prejudice against Jews

  • The Dreyfus Affair – army scandal accusing of a Jewish officer selling information to Germany
  • J’accuse! – a letter published by Emile Zola denouncing the French army for coving up the scandal
Anti-Semitism
anti semitic feelings

Persecution of Jews in Russia

  • POGROMS – permitted organized campaigns of violence against Jews
  • Zionism – a movement that started in the late 19th century that wanted to form a Jewish state in Palestine to flee exile and persecution and live together
  • Israel was established in 1948.
Anti-Semitic feelings
canada

Britain took control of Canada from the French after the French and Indian War in 1763

  • Many colonists moved there, but primarily French-speaking fur traders – Quebec
  • Lord Durham – was sent to investigate what needed to happen between the Roman Catholic French and the Protestant English in Canada – wanted to unite
Canada
canada1

He wanted a united Canada so that the French would assimilate to English culture

  • He also thought that they should govern themselves (Home Rule)
  • The dominion of Canada – self governing territory part of the British Empire
  • Read History in Depth on pg 752
Canada
australia and new zealand

James Cook claimed New Zealand and Australia in 1770 for GB

  • Maori – Polynesian natives from New Zealand
  • Aborigines – native people from Australia
  • Story pg 223
Australia and New Zealand
britain s penal colony australia

Penal colony: place where convicts were sent to serve their sentence

  • After their release, freed convicts could buy land and settle
  • English settlers came when they found out it was good for sheep grazing and Gold Rush in 1851.
  • Video
Britain's Penal Colony: Australia
new zealand

Although it was still under the British Empire, Britain recognized the Maori

  • The Maori accepted British rule in exchange for recognition of their land rights in 1840
New Zealand
political reforms

Australian Ballot in the 1850s

  • New Zealand gave full voting rights to women in 1893
  • Disease and tensions
Political reforms
irish home rule

1829 – Catholic Emancipation Act and Daniel O’Connell

  • Read about the Irish potato famine on pg 754
  • Home rule- local control over internal matters only
Irish Home Rule
ulster

Northern Ireland

  • Britain afraid of invasion (like Scots) and afraid for Protestants.
Ulster
irish home rule1

Ulster did not want Home Rule because they were Protestant

  • 1914 – southern home rule only
  • WWI
  • Irish Republican Army (IRA) – unofficial military force seeking independence for Ireland – Read Connect to Today pg 755
Irish Home Rule
more colonies

1834 – Britain opened China to trade

  • Opium Wars – wars with China over trading disputes
  • “The White Man’s Burden” on India and Africa
  • WS Reading
More Colonies
africa

Many colonies throughout Africa

  • South Africa and the Boers – South African of European descent
  • Boer War – war between the British and South Africans over land
Africa
manifest destiny

From the Atlantic to the Pacific

  • This originally included Canada and some of Mexico
Manifest Destiny
indian removal act of 1830

Any Native Americans living in the east to move west – Oklahoma

  • The journey was called the Trail of Tears - 758
Indian Removal Act of 1830
mexican american war 1848

“fifty-four forty or fight”

  • Added Texas
  • The Alamo – ten years earlier (1836)
  • Many important generals in the Civil War were officers during the M-A War
Mexican-American War - 1848
words you must use for top ten research assignment

Manifest Destiny

  • Indian Removal Act 1830
  • Trail of Tears
  • “fifty-four forty or fight” – “54’40 or fight!”
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Secede
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Segregation
Words you must use for TOP TEN RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT
nineteenth century progress

Inventions – electricity, light bulb, telegraph, telephone, automobile, planes

  • You could get a Model T for about $500 in any color, as long as it was black
Nineteenth Century Progress
assembly line

Line of workers who each put a single piece on unfinished cars as they passed on a moving belt

  • Increase production, made it cheaper because it was faster
  • Paid his guys $5 a day, eventually they could buy their own
  • Roads needed to improve, Henry Ford
  • Video
Assembly Line
louis pasteur

Heat killed bacteria

  • Pasteurization in milk
Louis Pasteur
joseph lister

Antiseptics used in hospitals

  • This is where I think Listerine got their name
Joseph Lister
charles darwin

Naturalist who wrote On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

  • Theory of Evolution – natural selection that the “Survival of the Fittest”
Charles Darwin
mass culture

The appeal of art, writing, music, and other forms of entertainment to a larger audience

  • Movies, baseball, football, Olympics
  • “The Roaring Twenties”
Mass Culture