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Transferable Indigenous Knowledge (TIK): Education Process and Policy . Rajib Shaw E-mail: Web: Idea Workshop 2007 . Defining TIK.

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transferable indigenous knowledge tik education process and policy

Transferable Indigenous Knowledge (TIK):Education Process and Policy

Rajib Shaw



defining tik

Idea Workshop 2007

Defining TIK
    • Indigenous knowledge is the knowledge that people in a given community have developed over time, and continue to develop. It is based on experience, often tested over centuries of use, adapted to local cultureand environment, dynamic and changing.

Source: IIRR, Philippines, 1996: Recording and using indigenous knowledge: A manual.

  • Transferable indigenous knowledgeis the traditional art of disaster reduction that is indigenous to specific region (s) but having potential to be applied to other regions and having time-tested reliability
criteria for tik

Idea Workshop 2007

Criteria for TIK
  • Originated within communities, based on local needs, and specific to culture and context (environment and economy)
  • Provides core knowledge with flexibility for local adaptation for implementation
  • Uses local knowledge and skills, and materials based on local ecology
  • Has been proven to be time tested and useful in disasters
  • Is applied or applicable in other communities or generations

Knowledge/Technology Type and its Application

Example from Japan

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007

Damage Reduction Knowledge/Technology

Flood Prevention Knowledge/Technology

Erosion Control Knowledge/Technology


Waju (Inside Ring) =Community Protected by Ring Dike

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007

Photo by Iwanami Co.,Ltd.(1956)

Distribution of Waju in Noubi plains (Ando,1952)


Hijiri-Ushi (Grand OX) at Nagara river

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007

By Google


Hijiri-Ushi (Grand OX) at Nagara river

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007

Photo by NIED-KU(2007)


Hijiri-Ushi (Grand OX)

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007





Photo by NIED-KU(2007)

Photo by NIED-KU(2007)


Mizuya (Flood House)

Photo by NIED-KU(2007)

Takeuchi and Shaw 2007

Blue line is record of flood disaster in 1896



implementation issues of tik

Action Workshop 2008

Implementation Issues of TIK

What to transfer

(Principles and


  • How to transfer
  • Documentation
  • On-site visit
  • DRH database
  • Workshops
  • Internal, external facilitation
  • Link to modern technology

Whom to transfer

(Vulnerable Communities, Policy makers)


of TIK

  • Who to transfer
  • -Community leaders
  • External Facilitators

For Hydro-meteorological disasters, focus on climate change adaptation

tik classification

Action Workshop 2008

TIK Classification
  • Five thematic areas
    • Mountain Ecosystem
    • Coastal Zone Management
    • Integrated Water Resource Management
      • Arid land management
      • River basin management
    • Housing and Shelter
  • Two types of TIK
    • Based on technology
    • Based on belief systems
  • Three phases of Disaster Cycle
    • Pre-disaster
    • During disaster
    • Post-disaster




tik in education

Action Workshop 2008

TIK in Education
  • Cross-discipline collaboration
    • Civil society: Document and analyze
    • Education and Research Community: Validation and analyze
    • Policy maker: Policy decision
    • Regional and International organization: Policy advocacy
  • Steps (not necessarily in the order of appearance)
    • Education: link to curriculum
    • Policy: regional, national and local advocacy and decision
    • Pilot: Implementation and validation
ik and drr policy issues
IK and DRR Policy Issues
  • Critical Entry Points
    • Priority Thematic areas
    • Climate change and food security
    • Rural development
    • Urban Risk reduction
    • Gender and inclusion
  • Policy Tools
    • Research, documentation
    • Education
    • Advocacy
    • Institutional Framework
  • Action Agenda
    • Establishment of a resource group
    • Documentation and research
    • Education
    • Policy advocacy
    • Enabling environment
    • Change agents
    • Special focus areas