Catholic Religious Communities. Yesterday and Today. History. From the Beginnings of the Monastic Movement to the Twentieth Century. The Desert Fathers. Men who went into the desert to become closer to God St. Antony was the most important
Yesterday and Today
From the Beginnings of the Monastic Movement to the Twentieth Century
St. Antony of the Desert Monastery, Egypt, is one of the oldest monasteries in the world
First built in the 7th century; it has been rebuilt several times. The most recent was in the late 20th century after its almost complete destruction during World War II.
A reconstruction of the abbey’s cloister
Medieval monks and nuns spent much of their time copying books for use both in the monastery and in churches and chapels throughout Europe
Both monks and nuns spent a part of their day in Chapel reciting the Liturgy of the Hours.
The Liturgy of the Hours is seven periods of prayer and Scripture readings that are scattered throughout the day and night.
After the Protestant Reformation, religious life in the Catholic Church changed again:
Founder American Daughters of Charity
Founder of Missionary Sisters of Sacred Heart of Jesus
Founder of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament
Different communities may interpret these a little differently
From Gethsemane Abbey in Kentucky