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New Horizon College English. Unit 10 : Section A. How to Cultivate “EQ”. 新 视 野. Pre-reading Activities. Text Analysis. Main idea and Structure. Expressions & Patterns. Summary. How to apply to our real life the typical expressions and patterns taken from the text. Blank filling.

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New Horizon College English

Unit 10 : Section A

How to Cultivate “EQ”

新视野

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Pre-reading Activities

Text Analysis

Main idea and Structure

Expressions & Patterns

Summary

How to apply to our real life the typical expressions and patterns taken from the text

Blank filling

Exercises

Writing

All the exercises

for Section A

议论文与说明文写作技巧

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

New Words & Text

Main Idea & Structure

Main Idea

New Words

Structure

Text

Main Idea of Each Part

Part Ⅰ

Part Ⅱ

Part Ⅲ

Part IV

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New Words

Back

  • New Words
  • EQ
  • IQ
  • incorporate
  • maturity
  • trigger
  • Phrases and Expressions
  • make a contribution to
  • sort through
  • aim at
  • on purpose
  • in the act of doing (sth.)
  • take note of
  • set aside
  • reflect on/upon
  • pull away from
  • keep at

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New Words

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  • Proper Names
  • Daniel Goleman
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Time
  • Karen Boylston

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Text

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How to Cultivate “EQ”

Para. 1What is the most valuable contribution employees make to their companies, knowledge or judgment? I say judgment. Knowledge, no matter how broad, is useless until it is applied. And application takes judgment, which involves something of a sixth sense—a high performance of the mind.

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Para. 2This raises interesting questions about the best training for today’s business people. As DanielGoleman suggests in his new book, EmotionalIntelligence, the latest scientific findings seem to indicate that intelligent but inflexible people don’t have the right stuff in an age when the adaptive ability is the key to survival.

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Para. 3In a recent cover story, Time magazine sorted through the current thinking on intelligence and reported, “New brain research suggests that emotions, not IQ, may be the true measure of human intelligence.” The basic significance of the emotional intelligence that Time called “EQ” was suggested by management expert Karen Boylston: “Customers are telling businesses, ‘I don’t care if every member of your staff graduated from Harvard. I will take my business and go where I am understood and treated with respect.’”

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Para. 4 If the evolutionary pressures of the marketplace are making EQ, not IQ, the hot ticket for business success, it seems likely that individuals will want to know how to cultivate it. I have a modest proposal: Embrace a highly personal practice aimed at improving these four adaptive skills:

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Para. 5Raising consciousness. I think of this as thinking differently onpurpose. It’s about noticing what you are feeling and thinking and escaping the conditioned confines of your past. Raise your consciousness by catching yourself intheactofthinkingas often as possible. Routinely takenoteofyour emotions and ask if you’re facing facts or avoiding them.

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Para. 6 Using imagery. This is what you see Olympic ski racers doing before entering the starting gate. With their eyes closed and bodies swaying, they run the course in their minds first, which improves their performance. You can do the same by settingaside time each day to dream with passion about what you want to achieve.

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Para. 7 Considering and reconsidering events to choose the most creative response to them. When a Greek philosopher said 2,000 years ago that it isn’t events that matter but our opinion of them, this is what he was talking about. Every time something important happens, assign as many interpretations to itas possible, even crazy ones. Thengo with the interpretationmost supportive of your dreams.

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Para. 8Integrating the perspectives of others. Brain research shows that our view of the world is limited by our genes and the experiences we’ve had. Learning to incorporate the useful perspectives of others is nothing less than a form of enlarging your senses. The next time someone interprets something differently from you—say, a controversial political event—pause toreflect onthe role of life experience and consider it a gift of perception.

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Para. 9The force of habit—literally the established wiring of your brain—will pull you away from practicingthese skills. Keep at it, however, because they are based on what we’re learning about the mechanisms of the mind.

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Para. 10  Within the first six months of life the human brain doubles in capacity; it doubles again by age four and then grows rapidly until we reach sexual maturity. The body has about a hundred billion nerve cells, and every experience triggers a brain response that literally shapes our senses. The mind, we now know, is not confined to the brain but is distributed throughout the body’s universe of cells. Yes, we do think with our hearts, brains, muscles, blood and bones.

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Para. 11During a single crucial three-week period during our teenage years, chemical activity in the brain is cut in half. That done, we are “biologically wired” with what one of the nation’s leading brain researchers calls our own “world view”. He says it is impossible for any two people to see the world exactly alike. So unique is the personal experience that people would understand the world differently.

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Para. 12However, it is not only possible to change your world view, he says, it’s actually easier than overcoming a drug habit. But you need a discipline for doing it. Hence, the method recommended here.

Para. 13 No, it’s not a curriculum in the sense that an MBA is. But the latest research seems to imply that without the software of emotional maturity and self-knowledge, the hardware of academic training alone is worth less and less.

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

What is the text mainly about?

Back

The new research shows that EQ may be crucial for business success. To cultivate our EQ, our effort should be aimed at improving four adaptive skills: raising consciousness; using imagery; considering and reconsidering events to choose the most creative response to them; and integrating the perspectives of others. As long as we keep at such effort, we can make it, for they are based on our knowledge about the mechanisms of the mind. In effect, without EQ, IQ alone is worth little.

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

How is the text organized?

For details

Back

The author begins his article with a pointed question, thereby bringing up the topic, his ready answer—a high performance of the mind or EQ. Then he devotes most of his ink to how to cultivate EQ through listing four adaptive skills and why the skills go a long way towards the cultivation of EQ through explaining the mechanisms of the mind. Finally, he reaches a conclusion that, without EQ, IQ alone is worth less and less, which in turn reemphasizes the role of EQ.

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

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EQ is the hot ticket for business success.

Part 1 (Paras. 1-3)

The introduction of EQ.

Four adaptive skills need to be improved to cultivate EQ.

Part 2 (Paras. 4-8)

Proposals (four skills) to cultivate it.

The four skills are based on the mechanisms of the mind.

Part 3 (Paras. 9-12)

Why the four skills work.

Part 4 (Para. 13)

Without EQ, academic training alone is worth less and less.

Conclusion: reemphasis on EQ.

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

Part I

(Paras. 1-3)

Part II

Part III

Part IV

For details

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Main idea?

According to some new research, EQ, compared with IQ, renders businessmen more adaptable and more able to succeed. Under the changing pressure of the market, therefore, it is the hot ticket for business success.

Devices for developing it?

General-specific (总分法)

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For details

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  • General statement:
  • The most valuable contribution for employees to make is not knowledge but judgment, which involves something of a sixth sense, a high performance of the mind.
  • Specific details:
  • The book Emotional Intelligence says that the latest scientific findings prove that intelligent but inflexible people in our age don’t have the adaptive ability.
  • According to Time magazine, emotions may be the true measure of human intelligence.

This part is organized in a general-specific manner to illustrate the significance of EQ for employees in the world of business.

返回

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

Part I

Part II

(Paras. 4-8)

Part III

Part IV

For details

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Main idea?

Since EQ is the key to business success, four skills are listed for individuals to cultivate it.

Devices for developing it?

Listing (列举法)

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For details

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If EQ is the hot ticket for business success, here

is a LIST of four adaptive skills to cultivate EQ.

1. Raising consciousness.

Raise your consciousness by catching yourself in the act of thinking; take note of _____________________________ and ask whether you are facing facts or avoiding them.

4. Integrating the perspectives of others.

Learning to incorporate others’ useful perspectives is _______________________ ____________________. When some one interprets something differently, consider it __________________.

2. Using imagery.

Set aside time each day and imagine with passion, with your eyes closed, about ________ ______________.

3. Considering and reconsidering events to choose the most creative response to them.

When something important happens, ______________________________________________, even crazy ones. Then go with the interpretation most supportive of your dreams.

By applying listing to the development of this part, the author makes the four adaptive skills clear at a glance.

what you want to achieve

nothing less than a form of enlarging your senses

what you are thinking and feeling

assign as many interpretations to it as possible

a gift of perception

返回

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

Part I

Part II

Part III

(Paras. 9-12)

Part IV

For details

Back

Main idea?

It is possible to cultivate EQ through the improvement of four adaptive skills, because they are based on the mechanisms of the mind. So long as you have a discipline for practicing the skills, it is actually easier than overcoming a drug habit.

Devices for developing it?

Explanation (解释法)

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Back

(Para. 10) The mind, we now know, is not confined to the brain but is distributed throughout the body’s universe of cells.

(Para. 11) We are “biologically wired” with our own “world view”. Everyone sees the world in a unique way as their experience has molded their thinking.

For details

(Para. 9) Keep at it, however, because they are based on what we’re learning about the mechanisms of the mind.

Explanation is used in this part to confirm the practicability of cultivating EQ by practicing the four skills mentioned in Part II. This makes very convincing the proposal of “keep at it”.

(Para. 12) With a discipline, however, we can change our world view, thus improving our skills.

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II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Structure

Part I

Part II

Part III

Part IV

(Para. 13)

Back

Main idea?

Without EQ, academic training alone is worth less and less.

Devices for developing it?

In this small part, the notable feature is the use of metaphor: emotional maturity and self-knowledge being the software, and academic training the hardware.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

B. Patterns for you to use as models

A. Expressions

  • to raise questions about sth.
  • to have the right stuff
  • to sort through
  • to be the true measure of…
  • the hot ticket for success
  • to embrace a highly personal practice
  • >more
  • Typical patterns for revealing interrelations between things
  • Typical patterns for advancing one’s advice
  • >more
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III.Expressions & Patterns

Back

  • to go with the interpretation
  • to integrate the perspectives of others
  • nothing less than
  • to reflect on sth.
  • to pull sb. away from doing sth.
  • to keep at sth.
  • to trigger a brain response
  • to shape one’s senses
  • to need a discipline for doing sth.
  • to escapethe conditioned confines of your past
  • in the act of doing sth.
  • to take note of
  • to do sth. in one’s mind
  • to dream with passion about sth.
  • to choose the most creative response to sth.
  • to assign many interpretations to
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III.Expressions & Patterns

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1. 提出了关于······的问题

  • to raise questions about sth. (L. 5)

活学活用

将这些劣质或被污染的食品的公开曝光使人们对食品卫生产生了新的担忧。

Public exposure of the bad or contaminated foods raised new fears about food sanitation.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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2. 具有······才能/素质

  • to have the right stuff (for/to do)… (L. 7)

活学活用

没有人天生就有顶尖成功者的素质;而关键在于其后天所学得的知识和技能。

No one is born with the right stuff for a top achiever; what matters lies in his/her acquired knowledge and skills.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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3. 整理······;捡出······

  • to sort through… (L. 9)

活学活用

在信息爆炸的时代,能从大量信息中找出所需信息,这本身就是财富。

In the age of information explosion, it is wealth itself to sort through masses of sources and sort out the needed.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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4. 是衡量······的真正尺度

  • to be the true measure of… (L. 10)

活学活用

实践是检验知识的真正尺度。

Practice is the true measure of knowledge.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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5. 走向成功的通行证

  • the hot ticket for success (L. 15)

活学活用

在过去十年中, MBA证书是美好事业前程的通行证。如今,它已不如以前炙手了。

In the last decade, an MBA diploma was the hot ticket for a bright prospect in career. Now, it begins to cool down.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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6. 积极进行自我训练

  • to embrace a highly personal practice (L. 18)

活学活用

要想成功的话,一个人应该积极地进行自我训练,而不是随大流混日子。

In order to succeed one has to embrace a highly personal practice and not to go with the tide and fool around.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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7. 摆脱往事带来的种种限制

  • to escape the conditioned confines of your past (L. 24)

活学活用

她的故事证明,创造性的关键取决于能否冲破固有知识的限制。

Her story has born out the truth that the key to being creative depends on whether or not to break through the confines of one’s existing knowledge.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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8. 正在做某事时

  • in the act of doing (sth.) (L. 25)

活学活用

真是说曹操曹操就到;大家正在夸你能干,你就来了。

Just as the saying goes, you can hear the fluttering of an angel’s wing in the act of mentioning him. As we are praising your capabilities, you come on the scene.

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III.Expressions & Patterns

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9. 注意;注意到

  • take note/notice of… (L. 26)

活学活用

注意他人身上的优点并克服自身的缺点,你会天天向上。

Take notice of the merits in others and get rid of the demerits in yourself and you will make progress every day.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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10. 在头脑中做某事

  • to do sth. in one’s mind (L. 29)

活学活用

一味空想,不干实事,注定一无所获。

It is bound to gain nothing to act only in your mind and do no down-to-earth work.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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11. 带着激情想象一番某事

  • to dream with passion about sth. (L. 31)

活学活用

人们发现,不时地带着激情想象你生活中光明的一面极有助于你未来的成功。

It turns out that occasionally dreaming with passion about the bright side of your life goes a long way towards your success in the future.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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12. 对某事作出最富创意的反应

  • to choose the most creative response to sth. (L. 34)

活学活用

一般说来,你对周围事物作出的反应可以表明你的生活态度。

In general, what response you choose to the things around you can serve as an indication of your attitude towards life.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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13. 多方面看问题;从多个角度解释某事

  • to assign many interpretations to sth. (L. 34)

活学活用

从尽可能多的角度看待自己遇到的问题,就可能找到最佳的解决方案。

By assigning as many interpretations to one’s problem as possible, one is likely to hit upon the best solution to it.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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14. 照着那种理解去做

  • to go with the interpretation (L. 35)

活学活用

她一会儿这么说,一会儿那么说,搞得大家无所适从。

She spoke differently on different occasions so that everybody got confused, not knowing what to go with.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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15. 综合考虑/吸纳别人的看法

  • to integrate/incorporate the perspectives of others (L. 37; L. 38)

活学活用

企业在进行重大决策时要综合考虑各方意见,既有董事的意见,也有员工的意见。

In critical decision-making, an enterprise needs to incorporate the ideas of all sides, including employees as well as directors.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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16. 简直就是;无异于

  • nothing less than (L. 39)

活学活用

对商界而言,以诚信为代价牟取暴利无异于自掘坟墓。

As far as the business world is concerned, seeking big profits at the cost of honesty is nothing less than a form of bringing ruin upon itself.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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17. 考虑;沉思

  • to reflect on/upon (L. 41)

活学活用

值得深思的是,这位清华园的年轻厨师在托福考试中何以考得630分。

What is worth reflecting on is how the young cook from Tsinghua University got 630 points in TOEFL test.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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18. 妨碍某人做某事

  • to pull sb. away from doing sth. (L. 42)

活学活用

妨碍这个学生进步的正是他的不良习惯和缺乏毅力。

What pulls the student away from moving forward is nothing but his bad habit and lack of perseverance.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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19. 继续做某事;坚持干某事

  • to keep at sth. (L. 43)

活学活用

只要你坚持你的追求,幸运女神会不期而至。

As long as you keep at what you are striving after, the Goddess of Luck will drop in unexpectedly.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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20. 激发大脑的反应

  • to trigger a brain response (L. 47)

活学活用

常常只有刻骨铭心的痛才会使人顿悟自己生活中一去不复返的东西的意义。

More often than not, it is the pain engraved on one’s mind that can trigger one’s sudden insight into the meaning of what has gone out of one’s life for ever.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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21. 影响着人的感知

  • to shape one’s senses (L. 48)

活学活用

近期的一次问卷调查表明,大众媒介左右着公众对时事的看法。

A recent questionnaire suggests that mass media shape public opinions on current events.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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22. 做某事需要训练

  • to need a discipline for doing sth. (L. 57)

活学活用

和友谊一样,创造性思维也是可以培养的,但需要训练。

Creative thinking, like friendship, can be cultivated. But a discipline is needed for nurturing it.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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1. Typical patterns for revealing interrelations between things:

原句:And application takes judgment, which involves something of a sixth sense— a high performance of the mind. (L. 3)

而知识的应用需要判断力,判断力涉及某种第六感觉—是思维的高度运用。

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III. Expressions & Patterns

句型提炼

Sth. takes/needs/calls for/requires sth. else, which involves/entails…—…某一事物需要另一事物,而另一事物又涉及到······ —即······

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:a.正义感需要智勇双全,而智勇双全又涉及到诸多其它因素——即同情心、判断力、法律知识等。

The sense of justice calls for a good combination of wisdom and courage, which involves lots of other factors—sympathy, judgment, knowledge about the law, etc.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:b. 智力的开发需要情商的培养,而情商的培养又涉及到适应性技能

——自我意识、自我激励、自我控制和与人沟通能力的改善。

The development of intelligence requires the cultivation of EQ, which entails the improvement of adaptive skills—self-awareness, self-motivation, self-control and communication skills.

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2. Typical patterns for advancing one’s advice:

原句: Every time something important happens, assign as many interpretations to it as possible, even crazy ones. Then go with the interpretation most supportive of your dreams. (L. 34)

每当发生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看问题,甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最有利于自己理想的那种理解去做。

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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句型提炼

1. Every time sth. + adj. happens, do as + adj. + n. + prep. + it as possible, even… one(s). Then go with… most supportive of your dreams.每当发生······事情时,要尽可能······,甚至······,然后照着最有利于自己理想的······去做。

(划线部分可替换)

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:a. 每当发生不顺心的事情时,要尽可能作出积极的反应,哪怕是过于乐观的反应,然后照着最有利于自己心态平和的反应去做。

Every time something unhappy happens, choose as positive a response to it as possible, even an over-optimistic one. Then go with the response most supportive of the peace of your mind.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:b. 每当发生棘手的事情时,要想出尽可能多的解决办法,哪怕是离奇的办法,然后照着最有利于自己发展的办法去做。

Every time something sticky happens, work out as many cures for it as possible, even fantastic ones. Then go with the cure most supportive of your advancement.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

返回课文

原句: The next time someoneinterprets something differently from you —say, a controversial political event —pause to reflect on the role of life experience and consider it a gift of perception. (L. 39)

下次如果有人对某件事与你有不同的看法,比如某个有争议的政治事件,停下来想想这其实是生活阅历使然,应把它看作一种感知能力的馈赠。

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III. Expressions & Patterns

句型提炼

2. The next time…(从句)—say, …— pause to… and consider it (as)… 下次如果······,比如······,停下来······,应把它看作······

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:a.下次如果下属对你群起而攻之,比如严厉批评你武断,停下来想想它的积极意义,应把它视为自己做人的一面镜子。

The next time your men all turn against you—say, a harsh criticism on your arbitrariness—pause to reflect upon its positive significance and regard it as a mirror of your conduct.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:b.下次如果你的努力以失败而告终,比如又失恋了,停下来反思一下自己的所作所为,应把它看作是经验的馈赠。

The next time your efforts end in failure—say, another failure in love games—pause to reflect on your behavior and consider it a gift of experience.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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返回课文

原句:The force of habit—literally the established wiring of your brain—willpull you away from practicing these skills. Keep at it, however, becausethey are based on what we’re learning about the mechanisms of the mind. (L.42)

习惯的力量——严格说就是头脑里已建立的思维方式——会妨碍你操练这些技能。然而要坚持下去,因为它们是以对思维机制的认识为基础的。

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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句型提炼

3. The force of…— literally…— will….Keep at…, however, because… ······的力量——严格说就是······ ——会······。然而要坚持······,因为······

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III. Expressions & Patterns

应用:a.诱惑的力量—严格说就是你内心的渴望—会驱使你背离做人的原则。然而你要坚持下去,因为它们会使你的人生完美。

The force of temptation—literally your inner desire—will steer you away from acting on your principles of conduct. Keep at it, however, because they will lead your life to perfection.

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III. Expressions & Patterns

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应用:b. 亲情的力量——严格说就是血缘关系——会妨碍你秉公办事。然而你要坚持下去,因为你代表的是人民的利益。

The force of emotional attachment—literally the ties of blood—will pull you away from acting justly. Keep at it, however, because you are representative of the people’s interests.

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IV. Summary

what

 Emotional Intelligence (or EQ) is ____ we use, as individuals, when applying judgment __ solving problems. IQ can be ___________ the hardware of our brain: how fast we _______ information and how well we can _____ it. EQ is more _________ the software of our minds: what we do ____ the information to come to a _______. Emotional Intelligence (or EQ), which can broadly be _________ the role emotions play in ___________ our perception of the world and how this perception ______ our

to

compared to

process

store

similar to

with

decision

defined as

determining

affects

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IV. Summary

conclusions. That involves something of a sixth sense— a high ___________ of the mind. In a literal _____ our brains process information in habitual ways that __________ person to person. Every one’s ____ of maturity, self-awareness and experiences are different; ________, we all see the same problem differently. A high level of EQ _______ an ability to easily ________ changes, to __________ other people’s points of view and to ___________ others as individuals. 

performance

sense

differ from

level

therefore

suggests

adapt to

understand

relate well to

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V. Exercises

《读写教程4》EX: II, P. 258

《读写教程4》EX: III, P. 258

《读写教程4》EX: IV, P. 259

《读写教程4》EX: V, P. 259

《读写教程4》EX: VI, P. 260

《读写教程4》EX: VII, P. 261

《读写教程4》EX: VIII, P. 262

《读写教程4》EX: IX, P. 262

《读写教程4》EX: X, P. 262

《读写教程4》EX: XI, P. 263

Comprehension

Vocabulary

Collocation

Word Building

Structure

Translation

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III.Exercises--Comprehension

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. II, p. 258

II. Answer the following questions.

1. Why does the author believe that judgment rather than knowledge is the most important contribution employees make to their companies?

Because he believes that knowledge is useless until it is applied. And application of knowledge takes judgment.

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III. Exercises--Comprehension

2. What stuff do intelligent but inflexible people lack according to Daniel Goleman?

The ability to adapt./The adaptive skills.

3. What is the author’s suggestion for people who want to develop their emotional intelligence?

Accept a highly personal practice to improve the four adaptive skills: raising consciousness, using imagery, considering and reconsidering events to choose the most creative response to them and integrating the perspectives of others.

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III. Exercises--Comprehension

4. What should people do to raise their consciousness according to the author?

Thinking differently on purpose. It involves noticing what you are feeling and thinking and escaping the conditioned confines of one’s past.

5. Why do Olympic ski racers close their eyes, sway their bodies and imagine themselves running the course before entering the starting gate?

Because by doing this they can improve their performance.

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III. Exercises--Comprehension

6. Why does the author suggest integrating the perspectives of others?

Because your view of the world is limited by your genes and experiences you’ve had and by integrating the perspectives of others you can enlarge your senses.

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III. Exercises--Comprehension

7. What does our ability to think and reason involve according to the author?

The author believes that our ability to think and reason is not confined to the brain but is distributed throughout the body’s universe of cells and we think with our hearts, brains, muscles, blood and bones.

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III. Exercises--Comprehension

8. What does the author mean by saying “without the software of emotional maturity and self-knowledge, the hardware of academic training alone is worth less and less”?

By saying this, the author means without cultivating emotional intelligence, the academic training is useless.

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. III, p. 258

III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

1. Computer-based communications, or telecommunications, can offer many educational opportunities; therefore, educators will need to adapt current teaching methods to __________ these new media into the classroom.

incorporate

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

2. Since its release, Dr. Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence has ________ heated debates on the importance of EQ in one’s success in work and in life.

3. Due to different life experiences and social backgrounds, people’s ___________ on an event may vary from person to person.

triggered

perspectives

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

4. Dr. Goleman believes that _________ emotional intelligence will become more and more important as business and communication continually evolve in the new millennium(千年).

5. When psychologists began to write and think about intelligence, they used to _______ it to cognitive (认识能力的) aspects, such as memory and problem-solving.

cultivating

confine

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

6. The purchase of 500 tanks is part of a strategy to increase military ________ by 25% over the next five years.

capacity

7. ____________ as EQ is, the company has attached much importance to the development of emotional intelligence of its staff.

Controversial

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

8. Working in a refugee camp and seeing the sufferings of the war victims had helped to raise his political ____________.

consciousness

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. IV, p. 259

IV. Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

1. He believes that emotional intelligence represents a way in which IQ psychologists can make particularly significant contributions _____ their clients in the future.

to

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

2. We know it’s easy to say, but you’ll soon start to see and feel the benefits of dieting. Keep ____ it and you will succeed.

at

3. So just when she was four years old, little Joanna was confined ____ hospital for two years while the operations took place.

to

4. A special period should be set ______ solely for the purpose of carrying out an inspection.

aside

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

5. His suicide has been partly assigned ____ lack of on-campus therapy for emotional problems.

to

6. We can begin to understand this vital principle he argued for when we reflect ________ how we have been emotionally wounded in the past.

on/upon

7. The child tried to pull _____ from his mother’s comforting arms, but she held fast.

away

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V. Exercises--Vocabulary

8. They have obviously taken note ____ what they have seen on campus and what they have thought to bring you this wonderful educational program.

of

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V. Exercises--Collocation

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. V, p. 259

V. Look at the following sentence taken from your reading text. Just think about what other words you can use to modify “pressure” and fill in the sentences with the right word.

e.g.If the evolutionary pressures of the marketplace are making EQ, not IQ, the hot ticket for business success, it seems likely that individuals will want to know how to cultivate it.

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V. Exercises--Collocation

  • However, it is unwise to seal them off completely with tape as changes in atmo______ pressure may cause damage to some instruments.

atmospheric

2. Drink more than this and you run the risk of developing high bl___ pressure, which in turn can lead to a heart attack or a stroke.

blood

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V. Exercises--Collocation

3. It was under in_____ pressure from congressional Democrats that the White House announced yesterday that President Bush will ask Congress for an additional $200 million grant for Poland, almost doubling his previous request.

intense

4. Mr. Badran, a former intelligence chief, has bowed to pub___ pressure to bring in democratic reforms and investigate people blamed for the country’s economic crisis.

public

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V. Exercises--Collocation

5. The laboratory, one of the four run by the Science and Engineering Research Council, has come under increasing fina_____ pressure as its annual budget has fallen sharply in real terms.

financial

6. And in the light of the recent Beverley Lewis tragedy, Adrienne Baker puts the case for self-help groups to relieve the isolation and enor_____ pressure felt by the mothers of handicapped (有缺陷的) children.

enormous

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V. Exercises--Collocation

7. Furthermore, the very notion of self-determination implies the need to exclude any out____ pressure on a country.

outside

8. During the interview she said nothing about the per_____ pressure she had felt in her work these years.

personal

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V. Exercises—Word Building

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. VI, p. 260

VI. The prefix multi- can be added to nouns and adjectives to form new adjectives. Adjectives formed in this way express the idea that there is a large number of a particular thing, or a large amount of a particular quality. For example, a “multinational” company is one which operates in a number of countries.

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V. Exercises—Word Building

Now study the meaning of the words given below and then complete the following sentences with some of them.

multicolored

1. Outside, the bright lights and ___________ signs blinked and gleamed in the cold darkness.

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V. Exercises—Word Building

2. There is also a section on future planning of services for ____________ elders.

multicultural

3. Nowadays, __________ means a computer using different media, such as laser discs, CD-ROMs, cable TV and who knows what else.

multimedia

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V. Exercises—Word Building

multinational

4. The UN has decided to send a ____________ force to keep peace in the area.

5. Crime is a ________________ problem: to find a solution to the problem requires the joint efforts of our educators, parents and social workers.

multi-dimensional

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V. Exercises—Word Building

6. According to the Time magazine, the Indian software industry will win the ___________ dollar contract.

multimillion

7. In these countries political parties have had to compete in _________ and proportional electoral systems and usually share power in government.

multiparty

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V. Exercises—Word Building

8. They have just transformed the hall into a ____________ sports hall for different indoor activities such as basketball, table tennis and volleyball.

multipurpose

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V. Exercises—Word Building

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. VII, p. 261

VII. The prefix semi- combines with nouns and adjectives to form new nouns and adjectives. This prefix has two basic meanings: 1) exactly half; 2) partly but not completely.

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V. Exercises—Word Building

Now study the meaning of the words given below and then complete the following sentences with some of them.

1. He was back in Glasgow again, this time on a ______________ basis.

semi-permanent

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V. Exercises—Word Building

semi-finals

2. The open __________ promised to be two very tight games and they did not disappoint.

3. Then we received information that the soldiers in their neighboring country have been armed with _____________ rifles or fully automatic rifles.

semi-automatic

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V. Exercises—Word Building

4. That house will cost you a lot of money; it is a _____________ house fronted against the beautiful bay, situated in the heart of this popular development.

semi-detached

5. The children stared forward into the _____________ of the undergrowth with fear.

semi-darkness

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V. Exercises—Word Building

6. He is in London for a ___________ three-day visit to promote trade in cars between the two countries.

semi-official

7. If the company does not get any new orders soon, some unskilled and __________ workers will have to be laid off.

semi-skilled

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V. Exercises—Word Building

8. Johnson, having worked for four different employers during the past forty years, is ___________ on two-thirds final salary; now he will have to work on for a few months to introduce new salesmen to their areas.

semi-retired

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V. Exercises—Structure

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. VIII, p. 262

VIII. “No matter” is used with who, which, where, when, and how. Clauses with no matter who, no matter what, etc. suggest that the action they refer to will not make any difference in all circumstances. Now rewrite the following sentences by using the “no matter” structure.

Model: Knowledge is useless until it is applied even though it is very broad.

Knowledge, no matter how broad, is useless until it is applied.

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V. Exercises—Structure

1. They smiled almost continuously regardless of what was said.

They smiled almost continuously, no matter what was said.

2. I told him to report to me after the job was completed even though it was late.

I told him to report to me after the job was completed, no matter how late it was.

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V. Exercises—Structure

3. You’ll find Coca-Cola wherever you go.

No matter where you go, you’ll find Coca-Cola.

4. You can get the sum that you’re assured of according to the legal document regardless of when you die, whether you’re a hundred and twenty or whatever.

No matter when you die, whether you’re a hundred and twenty or whatever, you can get the sum that you’re assured of according to the legal document.

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V. Exercises—Structure

5. He is a very skilled and brilliant player and also a proper gentleman on the tennis court. He has great respect for all the players whether a low ranked or high ranked player.

He is a very skilled and brilliant player and also a proper gentleman on the tennis court. No matter whom he plays with, whether a low ranked or high ranked player, he has great respect for them.

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V. Exercises—Structure

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. IX, p. 262

IX. When you use “so” with “that”, you can change the order of the words in the first clause for greater emphasis. You put “so” and the adjective at the beginning of the clause, with the clause in inverted order. Now rewrite the following sentences beginning with “so”.

Model: The personal experience is so unique and people would understand the world differently.

So unique is the personal experience that people would understand the world differently.

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V. Exercises—Structure

1. His method was very advanced and no one could match him.

So advanced was his method that no one could match him.

2. The rate of progress is very rapid and advance seems to be following on almost a monthly basis.

So rapid is the rate of progress that advance seems to be following on almost a monthly basis.

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V. Exercises—Structure

3. He was very successful and offers flowed in from publishers and editors on both sides of the Atlantic.

So successful was he that offers flowed in from publishers and editors on both sides of the Atlantic.

4. Their network was very effective and workers were able to organize two unusual nationwide protests.

So effective was their network that workers were able to organize two unusual nationwide protests.

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V. Exercises—Structure

5. The famine was very serious and the United Nations sent food and water supplies to the area.

So serious was the famine that the United Nations sent food and water supplies to the area.

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V. Exercises—Translation

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. X, p. 262

X. Translate the following into English.

1. 我一直在整理这些旧文件,看看能把哪些扔掉。

have been sorting through

to throw away

I’ve been sorting through these old papers to see what can be thrown away.

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V. Exercises—Translation

2. 他们继续工作,谁也没有注意到时间的流逝。

to go on working

to take no note of

the passage of time

They went on working, taking no note of the passage of time.

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V. Exercises—Translation

3. 当他记下他所看到的东西时,简直就等于 是说出了真相。

to put down

to speak the truth

nothing less than

He had been speaking nothing less than the truth when he put down what he had seen.

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V. Exercises—Translation

4. 随着年龄越来越大,你就开始要考虑生活中难以预料的事了。

as one gets older…

the uncertainty of…

to reflect on/ upon

As you get older you begin to reflect on the uncertainty of life.

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V. Exercises—Translation

5. 电话的使用仅限于业务往来方面。

the use of telephone

to be confined to sth. alone

The use of telephone is confined to business calls alone.

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V. Exercises—Translation

6. 我不停地干,终于在凌晨三点干完了。

to keep at sth.

I kept at it and finally finished at 3 o’clock in the morning.

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V. Exercises—Translation

7. 他弯下身子,滑了一下,伤了背。

in the act of bending down

to slip

In the act of bending down, he slipped and hurt his back.

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V. Exercises—Translation

to make a contribution to

8. 老年人日托中心为整个公共服务系统 做出了宝贵的贡献。

day centers for the elderly

the public service

Day centers for the elderly make a valuable contribution to the overall public service.

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V. Exercises--Translation

《读写教程 IV》:Ex. XI, p. 263

XI.Translate the following into Chinese.

1. Raising consciousness. I think of this as thinking differently on purpose. It’s about noticing what you are feeling and thinking and escaping the conditioned confines of one’s past.

提高意识程度。我把这看作是思考中有目的的独辟蹊径。这是指注意自己感受到什么,在想什么,摆脱掉往日带给自己的种种限制。

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V. Exercises--Translation

2. This is what you see Olympic ski racers doing before entering the starting gate. With their eyes closed and bodies swaying, they run the course in their minds first, which improves their performance.

这就是奥林匹克滑雪赛手在进入起跑门之前所做的。他们闭上眼,摆动身体,在头脑中先把整个滑雪道跑一遍,这能提高他们在实际比赛中的表现。

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V. Exercises--Translation

3. Every time something important happens, assign as many interpretations to it as possible, even crazy ones. Then go with the interpretation most supportive of your dreams.

每当发生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看问题,甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最有利于自己理想的那种理解去做。

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V. Exercises--Translation

4. Learning to incorporate the useful perspectives of others is nothing less than a form of enlarging your senses.

学会吸纳他人有用的观点就等于是一种扩大自己的见识的方式。

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V. Exercises--Translation

5. The force of habit—literally the established wiring of your brain—will pull you away from practicing these skills.

习惯的力量——严格说就是头脑里已建立的思维方式——会妨碍你操练这些技能。

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V. Exercises--Translation

6. The mind, we now know, is not confined to the brain but is distributed throughout the body’s universe of cells.

我们现在知道,思想活动并不局限在脑部,而是遍布全身范围的细胞中。

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V. Exercises--Translation

7. He says it is impossible for any two people to see the world exactly alike. So unique is the experience that molded the device with which they “know”.

他说任何两个人都不可能对外界有完全一样的看法。个人的体验都是独一无二的,以至人们对外界的理解都不相同。

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V. Exercises--Translation

Back

8. But the latest research seems to imply that without the software of emotional maturity and self-knowledge, the hardware of academic training alone is worth less and less.

但最新的研究似乎表明,缺乏情感成熟和自我了解这一软件,单靠纯学院式的培训这一硬件是没有用的。

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写作模式

参考范文

Ⅵ. Writing

Diagnoses of the Problem with Sb./Sth.

1. 某人/事中存在的问题是······

2. 根据问题的特征说明其成因。

(因果关系说明文)

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写作模式(因果关系说明文)

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1)A preliminary diagnosis ofsb./sth.can find that sb./sth. is cursed/troubled mainly with the problem of...2)As his/itsspecific symptoms,he/it is subject to…,apt to…, and therefore almost always at the mercy of...3)A deeper probe/research/insight into the problem, however, can reveal something worthy of our careful consideration.

(划线部分可替换)

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Ⅵ. Writing

4)To the best of my insight/knowledge/ understanding, he/it is the product of...(成因说明I)5)It turns out that...6) …,for example,…while…7)He/It is also a good mirror of… (成因说明II)8)He/Itreflects faithfully, but in expanded dimensions,…

9)And above all,he/it is the victim of... (成因说明III)10)According to the experts concerned,… 11) As a result of this,… 12) Clearly, an effective cure/remedy for the problem rests/lies much with…

(划线部分可替换)

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Ⅵ. Writing

Diagnoses of the Problem with the College Student

1) 我国大学生中存在的主要问题是······

2) 根据问题的特征说明其成因。

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Ⅵ. Writing

1)A preliminary diagnosis of the modern college student can find that he is cursed mainly with the problem of being impulsive.2)As his specific symptoms,he is subject to changing moods, apt to look for immediate results, and therefore almost always at the mercy of his wavering confidence in anyone else as well as in himself.3)A deeper probe into the problem, however, can reveal something worthy of our careful consideration.

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Ⅵ. Writing

4)To the best of my insight, he is the product of the eagerness of this society for quick success.5)It turns out that some people in our society are anxious about immediate benefits.6) Some

businessmen desire to make their fortune in a flash.7) He is also a good mirror of the undue expectations of his parents, teachers, and superiors. 8)He reflects faithfully, but in expanded dimensions,the weakness and anxiety of those who failed to realize their life values but now pin excess hope on him.

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Ⅵ. Writing

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9) And above all, he is the victim ofinadequate cultivation of emotional intelligence. 10)According to the experts concerned,our school work has given too much weight to intellectual training to cultivate students in IQ. 11) As a result of this,many a studentlacksadaptive skills in the face of adversity and emergency. 12) Clearly, an effective remedy for the problem rests much with the improvement of his EQ, namely a good mixture of self-awareness, self-control, self-confidence, and self-motivation.

THE END

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如何培育“情商”

Para. 1 员工对公司最有价值的贡献是什么,是知识还是判断力?我说是判断力。不管知识面有多宽,如果得不到应用,那就毫无用处。 而知识的应用需要判断力,判断力涉及某种第六感觉——是思维的高度运用。

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Para. 2 这就提出了现今关于企业界人士最佳培训课程的有趣问题。正如丹尼尔·戈尔曼在他的新书《情感智能》中所说,最新的科研结果似乎表明,在一个适应能力是生存关键的年代,聪明但缺乏灵活性的人并不具备这种适应的才能。

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Para. 3《时代周刊》最近的封面故事列举了关于智能的一些流行看法,报道说,“新的人脑研究表明,情感,而不是智商,可能是衡量人的智能的真正尺度。”《时代周刊》称之为 “情商” 的情感智能的根本意义,在企业管理专家凯伦·波尔斯顿的话中可见一斑: “顾客对企业说 ‘ 我可不在乎你的每个员工是否都毕业于哈佛,我只愿与能理解我、尊重我的企业打交道。’ ”

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Para. 4 如果说市场的进化发展所造成的压力使得情商,而不是智商,成为企业走向成功的通行证,那么,人们似乎很可能希望懂得如何培养情商。我有个小小的建议:积极进行自我训练,努力提高以下四项适应性技能:

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Para. 5提高意识程度。我把这看作是思考中有目的的独辟蹊径。这是指注意自己感受到什么,在想什么,摆脱掉往日带给自己的种种限制。尽可能多地注意到思考时的自己,以此来提高意识程度。要习惯性地注意自己的情感,问问自己是在面对事实还是逃避事实。

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Para. 6 利用意象。这就是奥林匹克滑雪赛手在进入起跑门之前所做的。他们闭上眼,摆动身体,在头脑中先把整个滑雪道跑一遍,这能提高他们在实际比赛中的表现。我们也可以这样做,每天留出时间来带着激情想象 一番自己想要获得的成就。

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Para. 7 反复考虑各种事件,并对它们做出最富创意的反应。2,000年前的一位希腊哲学家说过,重要的不是事件本身,而是我们对事件的看法,他说的正是此意。每当发生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看问题,甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最有利于自己理想的那种理解去做。

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Para. 8 综合考虑他人的看法。大脑研究表明,人们对外界的看法受到遗传基因及个人经历的局限。学会吸纳他人有用的观点就等于是一种扩大自己的见识的方式。下次如果有人对某件事与你有不同的看法,比如某个有争议的政治事件,停下来想想这其实是生活阅历使然,应把它看作一种感知能力的馈赠。

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Para. 9 习惯的力量——严格说就是头脑里已建立的思维方式——会妨碍你操练这些技能。然而要坚持下去,因为它们是以对思维机制的认识为基础的。

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Para. 10 人脑的容量在生命开始的最初六周增长了一倍,到四岁时又增长一倍,其后大脑的容量迅速发展直到性成熟为止。人体有大约1,000亿个神经细胞,每一次经历都会激发脑部的反应,而这种反应实际上影响着我们的感知。我们现在知道,思想活动并不局限在脑部,而是遍布全身范围的细胞中。是的,我们的确是在用心、用脑、用肌肉、用血液和骨骼来思考。

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Para. 11 我们的青少年阶段有一个为期三周的关键时期,此时脑部的化学反应活动一分为二。完成了这一变化,正如国内一位重要的大脑研究人员所说,我们“对外界的看法” 就 “在生理上定型了”。他说任何两个人都不可能对外界有完全一样的看法。个人的体验都是独一无二的,以至人们对外界的理解都不相同。

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Para. 12 然而,他说,人们对外界的看法不仅有可能改变,而且实际上这比克服毒瘾要容易。但是,要想做到这一点需要训练。因此我们推荐了上述做法。Para. 13这并不是像MBA那样的课程。但最新的研究似乎表明,缺乏情感成熟和自我了解这一软件,单靠纯学院式的培训这一硬件是没有用的。